Bilateral relations between Canada and Algeria are excellent. Canada recognised Algeria upon independence in 1962, and diplomatic relations were established in 1964. Approximately 50,000 people of Algerian origin reside in Canada, primarily in the Montreal area, and Canada is an attractive destination for Algerian students. Air Algérie serves this market with three weekly flights between Montreal and Algiers.
In recent years, Algeria has supported various international initiatives spearheaded by Canada. Algeria signed and ratified the Ottawa Convention on Anti-Personnel Mines, and has been active in promoting the New Economic Partnership for African Development (NEPAD), particularly within the African Peer Review Mechanism.
Although not a member of La Francophonie, Algeria is the second largest francophone country in the world, and has participated in Summits of La Francophonie, including the 2008 Quebec City Summit. Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika also participated in the 2010 G8 summit in Muskoka in the context of the G8-Africa Partnership, and his representatives have played an active role in the G8-Africa Personal Representative Process (APR). Canadian Governor General Michaëlle Jean travelled to Algeria in November 2006 as part of an African tour, and Minister of Foreign Affairs Lawrence Cannon visited Algeria in January 2011, signing a protocole d’entente with a view to expanding bilateral cooperation.
In terms of development assistance, the Canadian International Development Agency’s (CIDA) bilateral program for Algeria focuses on stimulating sustainable economic growth, primarily through reforms to vocational skills training programmes.
Canada’s commercial relationship with Algeria is based on the promotion of trade in goods and services, and significant investments in Algeria's energy sector.
Canada is represented in Algeria by the Embassy of Canada in Algiers. Algeria is represented in Canada by an Embassy in Ottawa and a consulate in Montreal.
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