Factsheet : Australia

Official Title:
Commonwealth of Australia


General Information

Capital: Canberra
Population (million): 24.28
Total Area: 7,713,000km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 1.015 Australian $ (AUD) (2016- Annual average)
National Holiday: Australia Day, 26 January
Language(s): English, Aboriginal languages


Political Information

Type of State:
Constitutional monarchy

Type of Government:
Parliamentary democracy

Head of State:
GG (Queen Elizabeth II) Peter Cosgrove

Head of Government:
Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Julie Bishop
Trade: Steven Ciobo

Main Political Parties:
Liberal Party, Australian Labor Party, National Party, Greens

Elections:
Last: July 2016. Next: 2019.


Economic Information (2016)

Comparative figures
Type Australia Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 1,668.45 2,026.59
GDP per capita: ($) 68,714.05 55,938.56
GDP growth rate: (%) 2.47 1.43
Inflation: (%) 1.3 1.41
Unemployment: (%) 5.73 7

Product Trade and Investment (2016)

Canadian exports to country: $1,955,976,409
Canadian imports from country: $2,004,432,223
FDI in Canada: $8,338 million (2015)
CDI in Australia: $24,836 million (2015)


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
High Commissioner Tony Negus

Canadian Representation Abroad:
High Commissioner Paul Maddison


April 2017
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

PDF Version

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Australia
Year Exports Imports
2012 $2,038,899,707 $2,080,480,463
2013 $1,652,410,919 $1,795,180,693
2014 $1,760,141,161 $1,441,213,100
2015 $1,893,111,689 $1,679,990,280
2016 $1,955,976,409 $2,004,432,223
Product trade (2016)
21 HS Sections
Canada - Australia
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $80,718,110 $270,617,101
02 Veg. Prod. $25,542,839 $57,012,897
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $1,352,098 $1,663,691
04 Food Prod. $102,188,192 $248,623,463
05 Mineral Prod. $82,662,897 $35,614,435
06 Chemical Prod. $182,544,666 $649,617,318
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $41,615,841 $13,583,356
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $1,768,565 $324,011
09 Wood Prod. $62,679,092 $402,246
10 Paper Prod. $60,854,596 $5,707,384
11 Textiles Prod. $19,648,241 $5,674,031
12 Dress Access. $3,877,864 $2,954,167
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $5,310,564 $1,732,338
14 Precious Metals/stones $23,301,752 $286,645,002
15 Base Metal Prod. $90,944,708 $51,687,500
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $624,639,073 $186,120,934
17 Vehicles and Equip. $244,792,172 $15,259,232
18 Specialized Inst. $126,984,485 $149,843,298
19 Arms & Ammunition $7,822,310 $602,334
20 Misc. Articles $30,759,917 $5,719,980
21 Antiques $703,260 $768,945