Government of Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Government of Canada

Austria.gc.ca

Breadcrumb

  1. Home
  2. >
  3. Discover Canada
  4. >
  5. Visas and Immigration

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

For questions not listed here, please consult the FAQ section of the Citizenship and Immigration Canada website.

A. Visitors

  1. I am not from a visa-exempt country. Can I apply for a temporary resident visa at the port of entry/airport in Canada?
  2. I do not have a return ticket. Can I travel to Canada with a one-way ticket?
  3. Is it correct that my passport has to be valid for at least 6 more months when I travel to Canada?
  4. I do not need a temporary resident visa, but I want to stay in Canada as a visitor for longer. Can I apply from outside of Canada for a temporary resident visa to cover my extended stay?
  5. I have a valid non-immigrant US visa. Can I travel to Canada within the validity of this visa?
  6. How long may I stay in Canada?
  7. How can I extend my stay in Canada?
  8. I need both a permit and a visa. What fees must I pay?
  9. What documents must I present if I am just applying for a transit visa?
  10. What if I was previously a permanent resident of Canada and am now applying for a temporary resident visa?
  11. Where can I find information on what I may or may not bring to Canada?
  12. Where can I find information, whether I can bring my pets with me to Canada?
  13. Can a friend or a relative submit the application on my behalf?

B. Workers

  1. I want to work as au-pair in Canada. What type of visa do I need?
  2. I have been invited as visiting researcher/scholar by a Canadian university? Do I need a visa?
  3. I have to do a school/study related unpaid internship. Do I still need a work permit although I will not receive any money?
  4. Can I enter Canada as a visitor before my work permit has been issued?
  5. My passport will soon be renewed. Can I apply with my old passport or ID card details?
  6. Can I stay in Canada as a tourist after my study/work permit has expired?
  7. On my work permit it says: "Does not authorize re-entry". What does this mean?
  8. I want to go to Canada to do self-funded research. Do I need a work permit?

C. Students

  1. Can I stay in Canada as a tourist after my study/work permit has expired?
  2. I want to do a language course which lasts less than 6 months, but includes an internship. Do I need a study permit?
  3. My son/daughter wants to go to school in Canada for less than 6 months. Do we need to apply for a study permit?
  4. On my study permit it says: "Does not authorize re-entry". What does this mean?
  5. Can I enter Canada as a visitor before my study permit has been issued?
  6. My passport will soon be renewed. Can I apply with my old passport or ID card details?
  7. I will be doing a clinical clerkship or medical elective in Canada as a foreign healthcare student. Do I need a medical examination?
     

D. Immigration

  1. I am a Canadian citizen living outside Canada with my non-Canadian spouse/partner. Can I sponsor him/her for immigration while residing outside Canada?
  2. How much time will I have to enter Canada after receiving my permanent resident visa??
  3. How to sponsor a spouse/common-law or conjugal partner?

 E. Pension Claim

  1. I need a certified copy of my immigration document (e.g. record of landing) for my pension claim. What do I need to do?

A. Visitors

1. I am not from a visa-exempt country. Can I apply for a temporary resident visa at the port of entry/airport in Canada?

No. A temporary resident visa application has to be applied for at a Canadian visa section outside of Canada.

2. I do not have a return ticket. Can I travel to Canada with a one-way ticket?

  • We strongly recommend that travellers who enter as tourists present a return ticket upon entry into Canada, but this is not a legal requirement. Port of Entry officers may want to see proof that the person entering Canada will leave before expiry of their authorized period of stay.
  • If you are the holder of a work or study permit, you generally do not need a return ticket. At the port of entry in Canada you might have to prove that you are able to fund your return flight.

3. Is it correct that my passport has to be valid for at least 6 more months when I travel to Canada?

The passport has to cover the whole duration of stay in Canada and must allow re-entry to the country of passport issuance. There is no legal regulation as to how many months/years the passport must be valid beyond return from Canada.

4. I do not need a temporary resident visa, but I want to stay in Canada as a visitor for longer. Can I apply from outside of Canada for a temporary resident visa to cover my extended stay?

No. Temporary residents who are visa-exempt citizens and wish to extend their stay in Canada have to apply for extension inside Canada.

5. I have a valid non-immigrant US visa. Can I travel to Canada within the validity of this visa?

No. A US non-immigrant visa does not entitle entry to Canada.

6. How long may I stay in Canada?

The official will stamp your passport indicating how long you may stay in Canada. Feel free to ask questions if you are unsure about anything. Generally, you are allowed to stay in Canada for a maximum of six months.

7. How can I extend my stay from within Canada?

After you arrive, you may want to change the conditions of your visit. This is possible in special cases. To extend your stay, you should apply three weeks before your visit is scheduled to expire.

8. I need both a permit and a visa. What fees must I pay?

You must pay the fees for the permit only. If you also require a visa, it will be included at no further charge.

If you are accompanied to Canada by a dependent (spouse, common-law partner, child) and that person requires a visa, you must also pay the processing fee for a temporary resident visa (single or multiple entry) for your dependent. 

9. What documents must I present if I am just applying for a transit visa?

You must complete the same form and present the same documents as for any other temporary resident visa. You must also include documents concerning your travel arrangements (reservation or ticket). There are no fees for transit visas. Consult the information about Temporary Resident Visas.

10. What if I was previously a permanent resident of Canada and am now applying for a temporary resident visa?

If you were previously a permanent resident of Canada it will be necessary for our office to determine whether you are still considered to be a permanent resident of Canada before we can proceed with the processing of your temporary resident visa. Our office will contact you to inform you how to proceed.

11. Where can I find information on what I may or may not bring to Canada?

The following website provides information on Canada’s customs:

Canada Border Services Agency

This Web site has specific information on:

  • Moving to Canada
  • Importing or Exporting Goods To/From Canada
  • Travelling to Canada

12. Where can I find information, whether I can bring my pets with me to Canada?

The following website provides information on Canada’s import requirements, also for animals and plants:

Automated Import Reference System

13. Can a friend or a relative submit the application on my behalf?

An authorized third party (friend, family member, etc.) can drop off the application in person on your behalf. We can also return your passport to a third party if you supply a written authorization (no notarization required) allowing us to do so.

B. Workers

1. I want to work as au-pair in Canada. What type of visa do I need?

  • You need to apply for a work permit under the live-in caregiver program.
  • You may or may not need a visa depending on your nationality. The visa - if required - will be issued together with your work permit. A separate visa application is not required, but you will have to submit your original passport together with your application for a work permit.

2. I have been invited as visiting researcher/scholar by a Canadian university? Do I need a visa?

  • Visa requirement depends on your nationality, not on the purpose of stay. Please check for visa requirement.
  • Independent of the visa, you may need a work permit. For a research internship (with or without remuneration) a work permit is usually required.
  • If you receive a research grant (Stipendium) either from a Canadian or a Non-Canadian institution, you may apply for a work permit without HRSDC confirmation as "award recipient".
  • If you meet the requirements of a self-funded researcher you may enter Canada as a visitor without a work permit. A self-funded researcher is someone who:
    - conducts research purely for his own project and uses the facilities of a Canadian university (library, computer,...) but is in no way contributing to research projects of the host institute,
    - does not receive any official funding/scholarship/academic grant from either Canadian or non-Canadian sources.

3. I have to do a school/study related unpaid internship. Do I still need a work permit although I will not receive any money?

Yes. Please see our entry on visiting researcher/scholar. The same rules apply.

4. Can I enter Canada as a visitor before my work permit has been issued?

If you are a visa-exempt national, we cannot hinder you to travel to Canada before obtaining your work/study permit. However, we strongly advise against it. You may be refused entry into Canada. A work permit can only be issued upon entering Canada from outside. Even if we issue you with a permit letter, you will, nonetheless, have to leave Canada and re-enter to have your work permit validated.

5. My passport will soon be renewed. Can I apply with my old passport or ID card details?

No. You must submit your application with the data of the passport that you will use for travelling to Canada.

6. Can I stay in Canada as a tourist after my work permit has expired?

No. You must leave Canada before expiry of your work permit or you must apply for extension/change of status in Canada before expiry of your permit.

7. On my work permit it says: "Does not authorize re-entry". What does this mean?

This restriction is not relevant for visa-exempt nationals. Work permit holders who also require a visa need to make sure that their visa is still valid for re-entry when travelling outside Canada or else they need to apply for a visa at an embassy outside Canada.

8. I want to go to Canada to do self-funded research. Do I need a work permit?

Persons who are doing self-funded research (for example foreign students doing research in Canada for their diploma/thesis at their home university) meet the definition of business visitors and can therefore work without a work permit, so long as there is no displacement of Canadian or permanent resident workers, nor should there be any employer-employee relationship. In addition, the individual or the Canadian institution must not receive remuneration for the research. Business visitors, including self-funded researchers, should have all relevant documents on hand to present to the officer when seeking entry to Canada. Please check the requirements for business visitors.

C. Students

1. Can I stay in Canada as a tourist after my study permit has expired?

  • Study permits are generally valid for 3 months after the completion of studies, depending on the validity of the passport and/or the CAQ.
  • You must leave Canada before expiry of your study permit or you must apply for extension/change of status in Canada before expiry of your permit.

2. I want to do a language course which lasts less than 6 months, but includes an internship. Do I need a study permit?

Yes. For courses that contain a practical component a study permit is required, regardless of the overall length of the course.

3. My son/daughter wants to go to school in Canada for less than 6 months. Do we need to apply for a study permit?

Please see "Who may need a study permit".

4. On my study permit it says: "Does not authorize re-entry". What does this mean?

This restriction is not relevant for visa-exempt nationals. Study permit holders who also require a visa need to make sure that their visa is still valid for re-entry when travelling outside Canada or else they need to apply for a visa at an embassy outside Canada.

5. Can I enter Canada as a visitor before my study permit has been issued?

If you are a visa-exempt national, we cannot hinder you to travel to Canada before obtaining your work/study permit. However, we strongly advise against it. You may be refused entry into Canada. A study permit can only be issued upon entering Canada from outside. Even if we issue you with a permit letter, you will, nonetheless, have to leave Canada and re-enter to have your study permit validated.

6. My passport will soon be renewed. Can I apply with my old passport or ID card details?

No. You must submit your application with the data of the passport that you will use for travelling to Canada. ID data are generally of no use to us.

7. I will be doing a clinical clerkship or medical elective in Canada as a foreign healthcare student. Do I need a medical examination?

All foreign healthcare students need to have a medical examination. Read the section on healthcare students for instructions.

D. Immigration

1. I am a Canadian citizen living outside Canada with my non-Canadian spouse/partner. Can I sponsor him/her for immigration while residing outside Canada?

Yes. Canadian citizens can. Canadian permanent residents, however, need to be in Canada during the sponsorship/immigration process.

2. How much time will I have to enter Canada after receiving my permanent resident visa??

You must enter Canada within the validity of your permanent resident visa. A permanent resident visa cannot be extended.

The validity of a permanent resident visa is connected to the date of expiry of the medical examination results as well as to the validity of the passport. The medical examination results are valid for one year from the date you had the examination.

The expiry date is clearly visible on the visa sticker.

As of December 1, 2011, citizens of visa-exempt countries no longer have a permanent resident visa affixed to their passport. These applicants are only issued a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR). The expiry date is clearly visible on the COPR.

3. How to sponsor a spouse/common-law or conjugal partner?

If you are a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada and have married or are in a common-law/conjugal relationship with a non-citizen of Canada who is residing overseas, you must submit the sponsor application to the Case Processing Centre in Mississauga (CPC – Mississauga) in Ontario.

You must send your sponsorship application together with the application for immigration of the person you wish to sponsor along with all required documentation to CPC-Mississauga. Please consult the Sponsor's Guide at http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/information/applications/guides/3900ETOC.asp.

There are two steps to process the application forms:

  • The sponsorship application is processed by CPC - Mississauga.
  • If you are approved as a sponsor, the permanent residence application is sent to the appropriate visa office abroad.

Detailed information about the sponsorship process can be obtained from the website of the Department of Citizenship and Immigration at www.cic.gc.ca. Within Canada, the Department of Citizenship and Immigration also provides toll-free telephone numbers that you can call to obtain information about sponsoring a member of the Family Class. You can find the numbers in the Government of Canada pages in your local telephone directory.

E. Pension Claim

1. I need a certified copy of my immigration document (e.g. record of landing) for my pension claim. What do I need to do?

If you need a certified copy of your immigration document (e.g. record of landing) for your pension claim, please proceed as follows:

http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/information/applications/certcopy.asp

 

Footer

Date Modified:
2013-01-29