Diplomatic relations between Canada and Barbados were established on November 30, 1966, immediately upon Barbados becoming an independent country. The Canadian Trade Commissioner Service established an office in Barbados 100 years ago in 1907 . This longstanding connection explains in part why Canadian financial institutions, including The Bank of Nova Scotia, the Royal Bank of Canada and the Canadian Imperial Bank of Canada, have long had a prominent presence in Barbados.
Canada is represented in Barbados by the High Commission of Canada in Bridgetown, which opened in 1967.
Barbados is represented in Canada by the High Commission of Barbados in Ottawa. Barbados also has Consulates in Halifax, Montreal, Toronto, Edmonton and Vancouver.
Regarding bilateral relations, Barbados and Canada have several agreements, including a Social Security Agreement (1986), a Double Taxation Agreement (1980), a Foreign Investment Protection Agreement (1997) and a Transfer of Offenders Treaty (2003). Barbados is part of Canada's constituency at the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. Canada and Barbados often cooperate within multilateral institutions such as the Commonwealth, the United Nations and the Organization of American States.
Canada enjoys a strong cooperative relationship with Barbados in matters of state security, narco-trafficking, and defence. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Canada Border Security Agency and the Department of National Defense Canada have provided technical assistance to Barbados, and Canada continues to work in partnership with the Regional Security System (RSS).
Barbados participates in the Canadian Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SAWP), an organized labour mobility program, which allows for the entry of foreign workers to meet the temporary seasonal needs of Canadian agricultural producers. Barbados has participated in the SAWP since 1967.
With regards to Canada's trade relationship with Barbados, bilateral merchandise trade in 2010 dropped to $50.4 million. Merchandise exports to Barbados totalled $ 40.7 million and included meat, paper and paperboard, machinery, pharmaceutical products, wood, and plastic. Merchandise imports from Barbados totalled $9.7 million and included beverages, iron and steel, leather art and handbags, electrical and electronic equipment.
Discussions are underway between Canada and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), which Barbados is a member of, aimed at achieving a mutually beneficial trade agreement that provides significant economic benefits and takes into account the region's capacity constraints and vulnerabilities.
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