Canada has had strong bilateral relations with the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg for a long time. It was during World War II that our two countries grew significantly closer, when the Grand Duke's family took refuge in Montreal after the German invasion of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg on May 10, 1940.
Since then, Canada and Luxembourg have developed a partnership based on shared values and ongoing political dialogue on major international issues. Both strong supporters of effective multilateralism, Canada and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg cooperate in the context of the United Nations (UN), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Our two countries have also deployed troops to Afghanistan to strengthen security, governance and development in that country. Luxembourg's role in the European Union is another important dimension of our bilateral political dialogue.
Canada and Luxembourg have signed numerous bilateral agreements and treaties, including an Agreement regarding the Sharing of Forfeited Assets (2001), a Convention on Double Taxation and Tax Evasion (2000), an Audio-visual Co-production Agreement (1996) and a Convention on Social Security (1990).
As a result of its great cultural dynamism, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is an important market for Canadian artists and cultural productions in areas such as classical music, contemporary dance, popular music, visual arts and cinema.
Luxembourg is represented in Canada by its Embassy in Washington D.C., while Canada is represented in Luxembourg by its Embassy in Brussels. In addition, both countries are represented by honorary Consuls in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto and Montreal for Luxembourg, and in Luxembourg for Canada.
Canada and Luxembourg's long-standing friendship has also resulted in a strong economic and trade partnership.
In 2014, Canada's exports to Luxembourg totaled CAD 92.7 million. During the same period, Canada's imports from Luxembourg reached CAD 164.2 million. In 2010, Belgium-Luxembourg was the 12th export destination of Canada’s trade in services with CAD 822 million and Belgium-Luxembourg ranked at the 18th position regarding services imports for an amount of CAD 685 million.
On the other hand, Canada's investment in Luxembourg reached CAD 31.14 billion in 2014 and ranks at the worldwide fifth position for direct Canadian investment abroad. Canada and Luxembourg also enjoy a thriving investment relationship built on natural synergies in our high-performing sectors. Luxembourg's cumulative direct investment in Canada amounts to CAD 53.61 billion in 2014, making Luxembourg the 3rd most important source of foreign direct investment in Canada overall.
The Grand Duchy’s trade mission to Canada in May 2012 generated bilateral innovation agreements in the life sciences and earth observation sectors.
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