Canada - Benin Relations
Canada and Benin established diplomatic relations in 1962, shortly after Benin’s independence. Canada is represented in Benin by the Canadian Embassy in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Benin has been represented in Canada since 1975 by its Embassy in Ottawa.
Canada and Benin enjoy good bilateral relations. Benin is one of Canada's partners in multilateral organizations such as the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie and the United Nations. It played a particularly important role as Chair of the African Union Assembly in 2012. Major areas of discussion and cooperation include economic relations, development, migrant smuggling, and governance and security in Africa.
Recent high-level visits have served to strengthen the bilateral partnership:
- In May 2011, President Boni Yayi met Ward Elcock, Special Advisor to the Prime Minister on Human Smuggling and Illegal Migration, in Benin.
- In October 2011, the Beninese Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nassirou Bako-Arifari visited Ottawa and met with Minister of Foreign Affairs John Baird.
- President Boni Yayi, during his position as Chair of the African Union Assembly, and Prime Minister Stephen Harper met in May 2012 during the G8 Summit in Camp David, USA.
- President Boni Yayi and Prime Minister Harper met in October 2012 at the Francophonie Summit in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo.
- President Boni Yayi also met with Governor General David Johnston and with Prime Minister Harper in January 2013 during a working visit to Ottawa. Minister Baird, then Minister of International Cooperation Julian Fantino, Minister Bako-Arifari and the then Minister of Industry of Benin, Sofiath Onifadé-Babamoussa, were also involved.
Canada and Benin also maintain good inter-parliamentary relations and the Canada–Africa Parliamentary Association visited Benin in September 2010.
In recent years, Benin has been a partner of Canada in the fight against migrant smuggling and Canada has provided continuous support to Benin in that area. In 2012, Canada launched a capacity-building partnership for Beninese security services with the aim of suppressing migrant smuggling and increasing marine security.
To date, commercial relations with Benin have been modest, although they show much potential. In 2013, Canada’s bilateral merchandise trade with Benin totaled over $ 24 million. There are many partnerships between Canadian and Benin educational institutions and a number of Benin students are studying in Canada.
In January 2013, during President Boni-Yayi’s visit to Canada, the two countries signed a Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA). The FIPA entered into force on May 12, 2014 and is the second agreement into force between Canada and a country in sub-Saharan Africa (after Tanzania). The agreement will promote closer economic links between Canada and Benin and will encourage Canadian companies to examine the economic potential of the country more closely, particularly in the area of infrastructure.
Canadian official development assistance for Benin began soon after Benin’s independence in 1960. Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD) contributed to the Government of Benin's 2011–2015 Growth Strategy for Poverty Reduction. The main focus areas in the strategy are: lasting increase in economic growth and transformation of the economy; development of infrastructures; strengthening of human capital; promotion of the quality of governance; and balanced and sustainable development of the national territory.
Benin benefits from Canada's development assistance program in various forms, either through bilateral cooperation, cooperation through multilateral institutions or partnership initiatives between Canadian and Beninese organizations. Some regional or pan-African initiatives also benefit in Benin. In 2012–2013, Canadian development assistance to Benin amounted to $13.85 million, including $2.26 million in bilateral aid. Canada provides significant support to microfinance, thereby sanitize the sector and improve the capacity and governance of these institutions. A part of the programming aims to enable young entrepreneurs to receive financial advice and services to start small enterprises that generate jobs.
Benin is an example of the successful implementation of democracy, stability and good governance in Africa, with Canada and Benin cooperating in those areas. Canada provided $9.3 million between 2008 and 2010 for projects to stimulate the peacekeeping capacity of Benin and other African countries. These projects, implemented by the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre, involve training African police officers, civilians and members of the military assigned to peacekeeping operations.
Through its Global Peace and Security Fund (GPSF), Canada supported from 2010 to 2012 a project to strengthen Benin's institutional capacity in order to improve planning and managing peace operations as well as intra- and interdepartmental coordination. Benin also benefits from National Defence's Military Training and Cooperation Program (MTCP).
The Canada Fund for Local Initiatives was used in Benin in 2011-2012 to support initiatives in the areas of education on women’s rights, the fight against corruption and the promotion of freedom of the press.
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