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Canada - Cameroon Relations

Since 1962, Canada is represented in Cameroon by the High Commission of Canada in Yaoundé. Canada also has an Honorary Consul in Douala. Cameroun is represented in Canada, since 1962, by a High Commission in Ottawa.

Canada is concerned about the security situation in northern Cameroon and the activities of the Boko Haram group in the region, as well as the impact of the crisis in the Central African Republic.

The two countries enjoy friendly bilateral relations. They collaborate in multilateral fora such as the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie and the Commonwealth. Economic prosperity, the promotion of democratic values, the respect for human rights, good governance and regional security are the pillars of the bilateral relations between the two countries. Canada encourages the practical efforts made in those areas. 

After over half a century of bilateral relations between the two countries, Cameroon and Canada have moved from a donor-beneficiary relationship to one of trade partners. That change was perfectly illustrated by the signing of a Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) in Toronto on March 3, 2014. Furthermore, a Double Taxation Treaty between Canada and Cameroon has been in place since January 1, 1988.  

Though modest, trade relations between the two countries are well established. In 2013, Cameroon was Canada's number one trading partner in Central Africa. Exports from Canada amounted to some $44.5 million and imports, at nearly $9 million. Canadian companies are primarily active in the education, infrastructure, mining and energy sectors.

Although the bilateral development program between Canada and Cameroon ended in August 2011, Cameroon continues to receive Canadian assistance through regional and multilateral initiatives. In 2012, Canada contributed $4.5 million to Canadian organizations implementing international development projects in Cameroon. Most of the organizations are promoting the development of the private sector and democratic governance.

Canada is also providing support through its multilateral partners working in the country, such as the World Bank, the African Development Bank, the UNDP, UNICEF, the World Food Programme (WFP), the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and the Partnership for Education.  

Furthermore, Canada supports regional projects in agriculture, infrastructure and in the management of water and mineral resources that could benefit Cameroon. In 2013, Canada contributed $20 million to the Congo Basin Forest Fund (CBFF), which is managed by the African Development Bank and helps local communities in forest areas find sustainable subsistence activities and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, thus reducing poverty while maximizing carbon storage. The CBFF finances projects in Cameroun and in nine other central African countries.

In 2006, Cameroon reached the completion point of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. In accordance with that initiative, Canada cancelled Cameroon's $221-million bilateral debt. 

Canada continues to fund local projects through the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives (CFLI), managed by the High Commission of Canada in Yaoundé. Canada also awards scholarships through the Canadian Francophonie Scholarships Program.     

May 2014


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