Canada - Cameroon Relations

Since 1962, Canada is represented in Cameroon by the High Commission of Canada in Yaoundé. Canada also has an Honorary Consul in Douala. Cameroun is represented in Canada, since 1962, by a High Commission in Ottawa.

The two countries enjoy friendly bilateral relations. They collaborate in multilateral fora such as the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie and the Commonwealth. Economic prosperity, the promotion of democratic values, respect for human rights, good governance and regional security are the pillars of the bilateral relations between the two countries. Canada encourages the practical efforts made in those areas. Canada also encourages Cameroonian efforts to overcome regional security challenges, particularly related to actions by Boko Haram and the impact of the crisis in the Central African Republic.

After over half a century of bilateral relations between the two countries, Cameroon and Canada have moved from a donor-beneficiary relationship to one of trade partners. That change was illustrated by the signing of a Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) in Toronto on March 3, 2014.

Cameroon was both Canada’s second top export destination and second largest import source in the Central African region in 2013. The same year, two-way merchandise trade reached $53.1 million. Canadian merchandise exports to Cameroon amounted to $44.1 M and Canadian merchandise imports from Cameroon amounted to $9 M. Canada’s 2014-2015 Commercial Economic Plan for Cameroon identifies infrastructure and education as priority sectors for Canadian businesses. In addition, mining and industrial machinery are areas of opportunity for Canadian businesses.

Although the bilateral development program between Canada and Cameroon ended in August 2011, Cameroon continues to receive Canadian assistance through regional and multilateral initiatives. In 2013-2014, the Canadian development assistance, estimated at    $ 2.23 million for Cameron, targeted the following sectors: governance, including civil society, humanitarian assistance and education. The main Canadian partners involved in Cameroon were CUSO International, CCAF-FCVI Inc and CESO. The main multilateral partner was the United Nations Refugees Agency. 

Furthermore, Canada supports regional projects in agriculture, infrastructure and in the management of water and mineral resources that could benefit Cameroon. In 2013, Canada contributed $20 million to the Congo Basin Forest Fund (CBFF), which is managed by the African Development Bank and helps local communities in forest areas find sustainable subsistence activities and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, thus reducing poverty while maximizing carbon storage. The CBFF finances projects in Cameroun and in nine other central African countries.

Canada continues to fund local projects through the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives (CFLI), managed by the High Commission of Canada in Yaoundé. Canada also awards scholarships through the Canadian Francophonie Scholarships Program.     

For more information on projects with Cameroon, see DFATD’s Project Browser.

In 2006, Cameroon reached the completion point of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. In accordance with that initiative, Canada cancelled Cameroon's $221-million bilateral debt. 

November 2014

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