Canada has been represented in the Central African Republic (CAR) by the Canadian High Commission in Yaoundé, Cameroon since 1962. Canada also has an Honorary Consulate in Bangui, Central African Republic. The Central African Republic has been represented in Canada by its Embassy in Washington, D.C., U.S.A., since 1974.
Bilateral relations between Canada and the CAR are modest. Following Séléka’s coup in March 2013, Canada called for a return of constitutional order and restoration of security throughout the country. Canada is very concerned with continuing insecurity and serious human rights violations as well as the growing humanitarian needs in the country. Canada has condemned the upsurge of violence in the CAR and urged all parties involved to exercise restraint to end the cycle of violence. In order to respond to the urgent needs of the CAR population, Canada is providing humanitarian assistance. Canada also supports the international mission led by the African Union in CAR (MISCA) and is contributing $5 M to the UN-mandated trust fund in support of this mission.
Canada and the CAR used to collaborate in multilateral forums, such as the International Organisation of la Francophonie (IOF); however the IOF, as well as the African Union and the Kimberley Process, suspended the CAR in 2013.
Given the protracted grave humanitarian situation in the CAR, Canada has been providing humanitarian assistance for many years to partner agencies working in this country. The majority of Canada’s engagement in CAR is in support of humanitarian activities. Since 2006, Canada has provided close to $30 M in humanitarian assistance to address the most urgent needs of vulnerable people in the CAR. On February 11th 2014, Canada announced an additional contribution of $5 M in humanitarian assistance. Canada’s humanitarian partners include Doctors Without Borders, the United Nations World Food Programme, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the International Committee of the Red Cross. Canada’s humanitarian assistance helps to address the urgent health, water and sanitation, food security, nutrition, protection services and basic household needs of the most vulnerable in this country.
Canada also achieves development results in CAR through its support for multilateral and international organizations. These include the World Bank, the African Development Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the GAVI Alliance (a global partnership which brings together private and public sector players for the immunisation and health development of children in poor countries), the United Nations Development Program, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
In 2013, Canada contributed $20 M to the Congo Basin Forest Fund (CBFF), which is managed by the African Development Bank, to help local communities in forest zones secure sustainable livelihoods and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, therefore alleviating poverty while maximizing carbon storage. The CAR along with nine other Central African countries benefit from the CBFF.
Commercial relations between the two countries remain very modest.
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