Partners for Security
In the broadest political, economic and military sense, Canada's security is entwined with that of the United States. In response to the September 11 attacks, Canada joined forces with the U.S. in the struggle against terrorism.
Fighting terrorism is a top priority for Canada and the U.S. Currently, approximately 2,800 Canadian Forces personnel are deployed in Afghanistan as part of NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF).
More than 7,000 Canadian Forces personnel have taken part in missions in Southwest Asia to fight Taliban and Al-Qaeda fighters since the terrorist attacks of September 11.
This continues a long tradition of fighting together to defend common values and ideals. Canadians and Americans have fought side-by-side in two World Wars, in Korea, in the Persian Gulf and in Kosovo.
Canada and the United States are partners in defending North America through the North American Aerospace Defence Command (NORAD). Since the Second World War, we have shared our resources and expertise to create an integrated defence industrial base to sustain our armed forces.
Our two countries are founding members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the United Nations (UN), and cooperate in other multilateral institutions such as the Organization of American States (OAS).
Partners in Economic Growth
Canada and the United States are each other's most important trading partners. Our growing economic inter-dependence benefits both countries in an era of global change.
In 2010 our bilateral trade was close to $645 billion, with more than $1.7 billion worth of goods and services crossing the Canada-U.S. border every single day.
Free trade has been good for our countries. Canada – U.S. Bilateral trade is more than two and a half times greater than prior to signing the Free Trade Agreement.
Canada is the leading market for goods for 34 U.S. states and the second leading market for a further 11. The U.S. exports more goods and services to Canada than to any individual country – more than to Japan and Mexico combined.
The Canada-U.S. relationship also includes one of the world’s largest bilateral investment relationships. The United States is Canada's largest foreign investor and the most popular destination for Canadian investment.
Partners for Energy Security
Canada is the United States' largest supplier of crude oil and refined products, natural gas, electricity and uranium. More importantly, for the United States, a country that views energy security in terms of access to supplies, Canada remains a consistent and secure supplier.
In 2009, Canada's energy exports to the U.S. were valued at $76.27 billion U.S.
Canada and the U.S. supply almost 100 percent of each other's electricity imports. Canada supplies 87 percent of U.S. natural gas imports and 21 percent of U.S. imports of crude and refined oil products - more than any foreign supplier at over 2.4 million barrels a day.
Canada and the United States have a strong and growing energy relationship and we will continue to work together toward our common objectives of energy security and economic prosperity.
Partners for a Smart Border
With about $1.7 billion in goods and services crossing the Canada-United States border each day, secure and efficient border crossings are the life line of our mutual economic growth and prosperity.
Canada's investments in secure and efficient border management in cooperation with the U.S. demonstrate our common values and interests.
More trade flows between Windsor, Ontario and Detroit, Michigan than through any other border crossing in the world. Trucks carry approximately 80 percent of Canada's trade with the U.S. - one truck crosses the Canada-U.S. border almost every 2 seconds.
Canada and the United States are actively engaged in implementing the 30-point Smart Border Action Plan. Since the signing of the Smart Border Declaration and Action Plan in December 2001, significant progress has been made to enhance the security and efficiency of our shared border.
Several Smart Border initiatives are underway, including:
Canada has invested over $10 billion in border security and emergency preparedness since September 2001.
As well, to respond to future needs, Canada has created $600 million Border Infrastructure Fund to modernize and improve the infrastructure at the major border crossings.
Partners Beyond the Border: A Shared Vision for Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness
The Canada-United States shared vision for perimeter security and economic competitiveness and the Regulatory Cooperation Council were announced by Prime Minister Harper and U.S. President Obama on February 4, 2011. These initiatives establish new long-term partnerships that will support trade and commerce between Canada and the United States, while strengthening security and regulatory cooperation between our two countries.
The vision focuses on four areas of cooperation:
Further information on these initiatives can be found on the Border Action Plan website.
Partners on Environmental Issues
The joint stewardship of the environment is a cornerstone of Canada-U.S. relations and will increase in importance as both countries take up the environmental challenges of the 21st century. Beginning with the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909, which established the International Joint Commission, we have developed a network of cooperative arrangements, including:
Building on this solid foundation, our two countries are well positioned to provide a safe, clean and healthy place to live for future generations of Americans and Canadians.
A Rules-Based Partnership
Approximately 300 treaties and agreements govern our relationship and provide a solid legal basis for our cooperation on a wide range of issues. We are continually engaged in strengthening and deepening the rules-based collaboration that brings both countries unequalled prosperity and security.
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