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Beijing 北京

The Great Wall of China in Beijing

Overview

Beijing is the capital of the People’s Republic of the China and is governed as one of the four direct-controlled municipalities under the central government. It has 14 urban and suburban districts and two rural counties. As China’s political, economic and cultural centre, Beijing is a major transportation hub with railroad and air links to parts of China and major international cities. Beijing’s infrastructure was greatly improved for the 2008 Olympics.

Secretary of the CPC Municipal Committee:Guo Jinlong
Mayor:Wang Anshun
Population:21.52 M
Largest districtsFootnote 1:Chaoyang (3.5 M)
Haidian (3.2 M)
Fengtai (2.1 M)
Area:1200 km2
Twinning relationships and sister cities in Canada:Beijing – Ottawa, Ontario
Changping district – Kamloops, British Columbia
Dongcheng district – Burnaby, British Columbia
Dongcheng district – Maple Ridge, British Columbia
Haidian district – Markham, Ontario
Pinggu district – Port Moody, British Columbia
Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and development zones:Beijing Badaling Economic Development Zone
Beijing Caiyu Economic Development Zone
Beijing Changping Xiaotangshan Industrial Park
Beijing Daxing Economic Development Zone
Beijing Economic-Technological Development Area (BDA)
Beijing Liangxiang Economic Development Zone
Beijing Miyun Economic Development Zone
Beijing Shilong Industrial Development Zone
Beijing Tianzhu Airport Economic Development Zone
Beijing Tongzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone
Beijing Xinggu Economic Development Zone
Beijing Yanging Economic Devlopment Zone
Beijing Yanqi Economic Development Zone
Beijing Yongle economic Development Zone
Tianzhu Free Trade Zone (first airport-based bonded area in China)
Yangzhou Export Processing Zone
Zhongguancun Science and Technology Zone
Tourism:Direct flights connect Beijing to Vancouver and Toronto.

Responsibility for Canadian interests in Beijing is managed by the Embassy of Canada to China.

Economic Profile

The below exchange rate was from the Bank of Canada’s website: On 20 May 2016, 1.00 Chinese renminbi(s) = 0.20 Canadian Dollar(s), at an exchange rate of 0.2006 (using nominal rate).

IndicatorValueProvincial Rank
Gross Regional Product (GRP)2,133 B CNY ($ 428 B CAD)13/31
GRP per capita99,995 CNY ($ 20,059 CAD)2/31

  • Beijing’s industrial production is dominated by heavy industries and large enterprises.
  • Beijing is also active in the development of hi-tech industries such as biological engineering, pharmaceuticals, electronics and information technology.
  • Pollution and energy demands challenges attrt expertise in clean technology industries.
  • The China World Trade Center area, located in the central business district in Chaoyang District, is one of the most modern and prosperous economic areas in Beijing.
  • Financial services, wholesale and retail trade, and real estate services were the three biggest sectors of the service industry in 2014, making up 15.7%, 11.3%, and 6.2% of the GRP respectively.

GRP Composition

Pie Chart showing GRP Composition (Services 78%, Industrial sector 21%, and Natural Resources Exploitation 1%)

Source: 2015 National Bureau of Statistics of China

Canadian Business in Beijing

More than 400 Canadian entities, including BMO Financial Group, Chreod, Clearwater, Ecolo, Genesus Genetics, Hatch, IMAX, Legumex Walker Inc., Manulife, Performance Plants Inc. (PPI), Pillitteri Estates Winery, Pratt & Whitney, Samuel, Son & Co., Limited, Scotiabank, Strewn Estate Winery and Zeidler Partnership Architects are doing business in Beijing. Canadian companies from a wide-ranging set of sectors of energy, mining/resources, R&D/technology, environment and transportation have an active presence in Beijing.

Top leading Canadian law firms such as Blake, Cassels & Graydon LLP and Gowlings, are also active in Beijing in order to provide services to leading businesses.

In February 2012, during Prime Minister Harper’s visit in Beijing, more than 20 commercial business deals (valued at CAD$3 billion) were signed at the 5th Canada-China Business Forum. Canadian companies from a wide-ranging set of sectors of energy, mining/resources, R&D/technology, environment and transportation have an active presence in Beijing.

Examples of Canadian business success stories in Beijing include the following:

Ballard, based in British Columbia, provides clean energy fuel cell products enabling optimized power systems for a range of applications. The Company also provides fuel cell engineering services to worldwide customers, including Volkswagen and Toyota. Following a previous Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) earlier in May 2013, the signature of a definitive agreement with Azure Hydrogen Corporation of Beijing was announced in September 2013. Azure will use Ballard’s world leading fuel cell technology plans and technical support to develop fuel cell bus capabilities in China by partnering with bus manufacturers in a phased development program for deployment of zero emission fuel cell buses in China.

Cypher Environmental, based in Manitoba, excels in providing environmental solutions worldwide, such as dust control, soil stabilization, and water treatment. Their products are mainly used by the mining industry, but also for transportation, hospitality, food processing and waste management. Cypher Environmental recently developed a partnership with Beijing STS Instruments Co., which has grown to become one of China’s leading providers of advanced technologies in the mining sector. China’s demand for environmentally-friendly expertise provides significant opportunities for Canadian expertise.

Trade and Investment

Bilateral trade : $1,367.51 M Footnote 2

Exports

Beijing exports to the world:$32,388.2 M
Beijing exports to Canada$410.9 M

Beijing's top exports to Canada

Electrical Machinery And Equipment And Parts Thereof; Sound Recorders And Reproducers, Television Recorders And Reproducers, Parts And Accessories:$36 093 M
Mineral Fuels, Mineral Oils And Products Of Their Distillation; Bituminous Substances; Mineral Waxes:$47.71 M
Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$31.33 M
Organic Chemicals:$30.97 M
Articles Of Apparel And Clothing Accessories, Not Knitted Or Crocheted:$15.73 M
Optical, Photographic, Cinematographic, Measuring, Checking, Precision, Medical Or Surgical Instruments And Apparatus; Parts And Accessories Thereof:$13.16 M
Articles Of Apparel And Clothing Accessories, Knitted Or Crocheted:$12.88 M

Beijing's top exports to the world

Electrical Machinery And Equipment And Parts Thereof; Sound Recorders And Reproducers, Television Recorders And Reproducers, Parts And Accessories:$16,921.05 M
Articles Of Apparel And Clothing Accessories, Knitted Or Crocheted:$2,840.84 M
Articles Of Apparel And Clothing Accessories, Not Knitted Or Crocheted:$2,470.09 M
Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$2,307.34 M
Organic Chemicals:$1,709.46 M
Optical, Photographic, Cinematographic, Measuring, Checking, Precision, Medical Or Surgical Instruments And Apparatus; Parts And Accessories Thereof:$1,684.93 M
Furskins And Artificial Fur; Manufactures Thereof:$1,417.03 M

Imports

Beijing imports from the world:$64,103.85 M
Beijing imports from Canada:$818.99 M

Beijing's top imports from Canada

Inorganic Chemicals; Organic Or Inorganic Compounds Of Precious Metals, Of Rare-Earth Metals, Of Radioactive Elements Or Of Isotopes:$180.18 M
Electrical Machinery And Equipment And Parts Thereof; Sound Recorders And Reproducers, Television Recorders And Reproducers, Parts And Accessories:$158.69 M
Optical, Photographic, Cinematographic, Measuring, Checking, Precision, Medical Or Surgical Instruments And Apparatus; Parts And Accessories Thereof:$128.12 M
Pharmaceutical Products:$85.80 M
Furskins And Artificial Fur; Manufactures Thereof:$60.71 M
Fish And Crustaceans, Molluscs And Other Aquatic Invertebrates:$55.75 M
Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$55.43 M

Beijing's top imports from the world

Electrical Machinery And Equipment And Parts Thereof; Sound Recorders And Reproducers, Television Recorders And Reproducers, Parts And Accessories:$17,558.66 M
Optical, Photographic, Cinematographic, Measuring, Checking, Precision, Medical Or Surgical Instruments And Apparatus; Parts And Accessories Thereof:$10,357.08 M
Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$7,827.20 M
Pharmaceutical Products:$5,092.36 M
Aircraft, Spacecraft, And Parts Thereof:$4,328.36 M
Vehicles, Other Than Railway Or Tramway Rolling Stock, And Parts And Accessories Thereof:$3,960.08 M
Ores, Slag And Ash:$2,673.40 M

Foreign Investment Opportunities in Beijing

The State Council Information Office and the China International Publishing Group in Beijing highlighted the following industries as being the most encouraged for foreign investment in Beijing:

  • Agriculture (including forestry and fishery)
  • Aviation and aerospace
  • Building material
  • Business services
  • Chemical industries
  • Coal industries
  • Communication and transportation (including post and telecommunications services)
  • Electronics
  • Energy industries
  • Light industries
  • Mechanical industries
  • Medical equipment
  • Metallurgical industry
  • Mineral products industries
  • New industries such as microelectronics technology and biological engineering techniques
  • Petroleum and petro-chemistry industries
  • Pharmaceutical products
  • Textile industries

Education

There are over 400 educational linkages between Canadian universities and Beijing educational institutes, including multiple exchange partnerships.

  • Dalhousie University’s Department of Economics has a joint program with Renmin University of China (RUC) and a student exchange program with the University of International Business and Economics (UIBE) in Beijing.
  • Université Laval has forged partnerships with 21 Chinese universities, including Beijing Institute of Technology and Renmin University of China.
  • McGill University’s official international exchange partners in Beijing include Peking University, Renmin University of China and Tsinghua University.
  • Centennial College of Ontario has international education offices in Beijing, Chongqing, Guangzhou and Nanjing.
  • Six Canadian studies centers are located in Beijing, at Peking University, Beijing Foreign Studies University, Institute of World History at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Tsinghua University, and Communication University of China.
  • Within the University of Alberta’s Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry’s (FoMD) programs, the Global Health Office’s projects and partnerships contribute to sustainable development for improved health systems and health status, with a strong focus on primary care, with many partners in China, including the Capital Medical University and Official Training Center of the National Health and Family Planning Commission in Beijing.
  • The University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry (FoMD), through its Global Health Office, has many partnerships with various Chinese partners, including Capital Medical University and the National Health and Family Planning Commission Training Center in Beijing.  FoMD and its Chinese partners work together to improve primary care and health care systems.
  • University of Alberta’s FoMD has strong education, training, and research collaborations with the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Beijing. The partnership currently focuses on Hepatitis Virology.
  • According to the Canadian Information Centre for International Credential (CICIC), there are 5 Canadian certified offshore elementary and secondary school programs in Beijing

For more information, please visit Canada's International Education Strategy in China's website.

Recent High-level Visits

Recent visits

  • Hon. Stephen McNeil, Premier of Nova Scotia (Sep. 2016)
  • Hon. Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada (Aug. 2016) 
  • Hon. Stéphane Dion, Minister of Foreign Affairs (Aug 2016)
  • Hon. Chrystia Freeland, Minister of International Trade (Aug 2016)
  • Hon. John McCallum, IRCC Minister (Aug. 2016)
  • Hon. Bill Morneau, Minister of Finance (Jul.&Aug. 2016)
  • Hon. Navdeep Bains, Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development (Jun. 2016)
  • Timothy Lane, Deputy Governor at Bank of Canada (Jun. 2016)
  • Johanne Bélisle, Chief Executive Officer at CIPO (Jun. 2016)
  • Hon. Deborah Matthews, Minister of Advanced Education and Skills Development (Apr. 2016)
  • Hon. Michael Chan, Ontario Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and International Trade(Apr. 2016)
  • Hon. Jean Chrétien, former PM of Canada (Apr. 2016)
  • Hon. Deron Bilous, Alberta Minister of Economic Development and Trade (Mar. 2016)
  • Lori Sterling, Deputy Minister of Labour and Associate DM at Employment and Social Development Canada (Mar. 2016)
  • Hon. George Furey, Speaker of the Senate (Jan. 2016)
  • Jim Watson, Mayor of Ottawa (Nov. 2015)
  • Hon. Kathleen Wynne, Ontario Premier (Nov. 2015)
  • Hon. Christy Clark, BC Premier; Hon. Teresa Wat, International Trade Minister, BC (Nov. 2015)
  • Denis Coderre, Mayor of Montreal (Oct. 2015)
  • Hon. Dominique Anglade, Quebec Minister of Economy, Science and Innovation (Sep. 2015)
  • Steve Black, Mayor of Timmins; Drew Dilkens, Mayor of Windsor; Ken Hewitt, Mayor of Haldimand; Rick Bonnette, Mayor of Halton Hills;  Rick Goldring, Mayor of Burlington; Alan Spacek, Mayor of Kapuskasing; Allan Alls, Mayor of Erin; Denzil Minnan-Wong , Deputy Mayor of Toronto (Sep. 2015)
  • Martin Damphousse, Mayor of Varennes (Sep. 2015)
  • Hon. Stephen McNeil, Nova Scotia Premier (Sep. 2015)
  • Jean-François Perrault, Finance ADM (Jul. 2015)
  • William Crosbie (JFM), Assistant Deputy Minister and Legal Advisor (Jun. 2015)
  • Hon. Gerry Ritz, AAFC Minister (Jun. 2015)
  • Hon. Joe Clark, former PM of Canada (May 2015)
  • Hon. Andrew Scheer, Speaker of the House of Commons (Apr. 2015)
  • Don Iveson, Mayor of Edmonton, Alberta (Mar. 2015)
  • Tom Rosser , Fisheries and Oceans Senior ADM (Jan. 2015)
  • Hon. Robert McLeod, Northwest Territories Premier (Jan. 2015)
  • Luc Portelance, CBSA President (Jan. 2015)

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Taken from the 2010 Population Census of the People's Republic of China.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Beijing's trade data is based on 2013 statistics from the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China (GACC). Please note that GACC's statistics are calculated by port of entry and exit, and as such may not represent the exact internal provincial consumption.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

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Date Modified:
2016-09-09