Canada - Côte d'Ivoire Relations
Canada and Cote d'Ivoire established diplomatic relations in 1962. In Cote d'Ivoire, Canada has been represented by the Canadian Embassy in Abidjan since 1970. Cote d'Ivoire has been represented in Canada by its Embassy in Ottawa since 1972.
Bilateral relations between Canada and Cote d'Ivoire are close and cordial. The two countries frequently collaborate within the United Nations and la Francophonie.
Canada has a well-established trade relationship with Cote d’Ivoire. In 2013, bilateral trade was almost $518.1 million, including $38.1 million in Canadian exports (mainly cereals, aircraft and parts, and machinery) and almost $480 million in imports from Cote d’Ivoire (mainly mineral fuels, cocoa, and rubber). Canadian investments in Cote d'Ivoire are substantial in the oil and mining sectors.
In its Global Markets Action Plan, Canada designated Cote d’Ivoire as an emerging market offering various opportunities to Canadian companies. In August 2012, Canada announced the cancellation of Cote d'Ivoire's $130 million debt as part of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) and the Canadian Debt Relief Program.
The two countries signed a Double Taxation Agreement in 1983 and an Air Transport Agreement in 1987. In Montreal, on September 26, 2013, the Minister of International development and Francophonie, Christian Paradis, signed, in the presence of the Ivoirian Prime Minister Daniel Kablan Duncan, the Letter of Intent for a Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA).
The bilateral cooperation program is no longer active since March 31st, 2010, after having been significantly reduced at the beginning of the 2000’s. Canada provides development assistance to the country through multilateral regional programs and programs of Partnership Canada. Canada supports the development of Cote d'Ivoire mainly through its multilateral program and the scholarship program of la Francophonie. Canada contributed $ 8 million to the International Red Cross Committee (ICRC), the World Food Program (WFP) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and non‑governmental organizations in response to the post-election crisis in Côte d'Ivoire and the massive displacement of Ivoirians who fled to Liberia in 2011-2012. Canada contributed $ 20.3 million to Cote d’Ivoire in development in 2011-2012.
Since the normalization of the situation following the crisis after the elections of 2010, several high-level visits have contributed to revitalizing our relations. Canada was represented by Senator Raynell Andreychuk at President Ouattara's inauguration in Yamoussoukro, on May 21, 2011. Then Minister of State of La Francophonie Bernard Valcourt visited Côte d’Ivoire in June 2012, and met with key Ivorian interlocutors, including with President Ouattara. In September 2013, the then Quebec Minister of International Relations, Francophonie and International Trade, Jean-François Lisée along with a delegation of Quebec companies and institutions, carried out a mission in Francophone Africa, including Cote d’Ivoire. The Canada-Africa Parliamentary Association visited Côte d’Ivoire in October 2013. Ex-Governor General Michaelle Jean and ex-Prime Minister Joe Clark visited Abidjan in October 2013 and in December 2013 respectively. In September 2013, Ivoirian Prime Minister Daniel Kablan Duncan, accompanied by the Minister of Energy and Petroleum, the Minister of Industry and Mines and representatives of the Ivoirian private sector, participated in Forum Africa in Montreal.
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