Kosovo declared independence from Serbia on February 17, 2008. Canada recognized Kosovo on March 18, 2008, and has since established full diplomatic relations.
In Kosovo, Canada is represented by the Embassy of Canada in Croatia.
Kosovo is in the process of determining its diplomatic and consular representation for Canada.
Bilateral relations between Canada and Kosovo are good, and show potential for continuing development as the relationship between the two countries matures. Canada is satisfied that Kosovo’s Parliament has committed itself to the protection of the rights of minorities, including its cultural and religious heritage, and notes that the country’s constitution reflects these commitments. The development of Kosovo into a democratic, multi-ethnic state that fully respects human rights is essential for peace, political stability, and economic progress in the Balkans.
In the fall of 2008, Canada deployed 5 Canadian Forces personnel to the NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR) to work as defence planners. Also, through the Canadian Police Arrangement (CPA), Canada will deploy up to five police experts to the EU rule of law mission (EULEX), which assists Kosovo authorities in supervising and monitoring minority rights.
Through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), Canada has provided $135 million in development assistance to Kosovo since 1992. CIDA’s Balkans program will be phased out by 2010. In support of the planned transition of the region from a donor-recipient relationship to one that reflects broader Canadian interests, CIDA is completing its last cycle of programming in rule of law, health and education in the Western Balkans.
Trade relations: Kosovo’s economy is developing and is showing progress in the transition to a stable and market-based system. The government is working to further improve the business environment and to attract foreign investment.