Canada - Djibouti Relations
Diplomatic relations and official representation
Canada established diplomatic relations with Djibouti in 1978 following its independence.
Canada’s ambassador to Djibouti resides in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Canada also has an Honorary Consul in Djibouti City. Djibouti is represented in Canada by its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York.
Canada is following the process of Djiboutian democratization and encourages increased promotion and protection of human rights.
Djibouti is the seat for the Secretariat of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the regional development, peace and security forum. Djibouti hosted the 2008 UN-led peace talks for Somalia, which culminated in the signing of a peace agreement, and was the site of regional talks in 2009 to address the problem of piracy off the coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden. Canada encourages Djibouti to continue its efforts at fostering peace and security in the region.
Both Montreal and Ottawa are home to organized Djiboutian diaspora communities, and there is an active community of returned Djibouto-Canadians in Djibouti.
Development and Humanitarian Assistance
Djiboutian nationals also have access to the Canadian Francophonie Scholarship Program (CFSP), which allows people in employment from 37 developing countries of La Francophonie to have a scholarship or training in Canada. Additionally, Djibouti benefits from other DFATD Development programs, such as the Programme for Building African Capacity for Trade and the IGAD Regional HIV/AIDS Partnership Program. Canada is also the major donor (95%) supporting the World Food Programme's establishment of a Humanitarian Logistics Hub in Djibouti, to enable faster, more cost effective and effective responses to humanitarian crises in the region.
Since December 2010, Canada has provided more than $209 million to support humanitarian operations in the Horn of Africa. Of this amount, $4.2 million was specifically directed towards operations in Djibouti and the country also benefited from several of Canada’s 'regional' allocations to UN agencies. This funding was channelled through experienced humanitarian organizations for the provision of food, water and sanitation, medical and nutritional support, shelter and protection to both Djiboutian communities affected by chronic drought and Somali refugees living in the country.
Total two-way trade in 2013 totaled C$2.7 million. Canadian imports from Djibouti in 2013 were negligible. Canadian exports to Djibouti totaled C$2.6 million and consisted primarily of machinery and precious metals (coins).
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