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Fact Sheet

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European Union

Official Title:


General Information

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
Bilateral Product trade
Canada - European Union
Year Exports Imports
2011 $40,110 $52,095
2012 $38,919 $50,564
2013 $33,265 $53,145
2014 $38,751 $57,848
2015 $37,753 $61,414
Product trade (2015)
21 HS Sections
Canada - European Union
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $576,758,352 $420,094,010
02 Veg. Prod. $2,251,882,282 $619,915,337
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $29,432,774 $205,494,820
04 Food Prod. $567,655,985 $3,627,404,214
05 Mineral Prod. $4,349,894,169 $3,161,383,927
06 Chemical Prod. $3,083,203,553 $10,155,843,106
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $388,630,036 $1,889,539,479
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $88,270,312 $635,289,103
09 Wood Prod. $456,286,411 $268,732,892
10 Paper Prod. $688,785,669 $758,155,476
11 Textiles Prod. $196,680,570 $990,986,085
12 Dress Access. $20,427,955 $407,726,025
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $57,800,233 $782,324,530
14 Precious Metals/stones $11,463,105,200 $1,933,961,792
15 Base Metal Prod. $2,924,697,739 $3,570,592,374
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $5,009,197,502 $16,074,045,075
17 Vehicles and Equip. $3,236,247,593 $10,490,714,051
18 Specialized Inst. $1,296,042,792 $3,064,099,282
19 Arms & Ammunition $53,110,891 $107,821,750
20 Misc. Articles $277,580,560 $1,155,387,532
21 Antiques $94,154,612 $198,612,563

Capital: Brussels, Strasbourg, Luxembourg
Population (million): .00
Total Area: 4,324,782km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.71 EURO (EUR)(2015 - Annual average)
National Holiday: May 9 (Schuman Day)
Language(s): 24 official


Political Information

Type of State:
Union of member states

Type of Government:
Union of 28 Member States. Institutions: European Council, Council of the EU, European Commission, European Parliament, Court of Justice, European Court of Auditors, European Central Bank. Rotating EU Presidency: Slovakia: July 1, 2016 � December 31, 2016

Head of State:
President European Council Donald Tusk

Head of Government:
President European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker

Ministers:
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy: Federica Mogherini
Commissioner for Trade: Cecilia Malmström

Main Political Parties:
Seat Distribution: (European Parliament) Group of the European People’s Party (Christian Democrats) (EPP): 219; Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament (S&D): 191; European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR): 72; Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE): 68; European United Left/Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL): 52; The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA): 50; Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy Group (EFDD): 47; Non-attached Members (NI): 52

Elections:
European Parliament: 751 members (5 year terms) until 2019


Economic Information (2015)

Comparative figures
Type European Union Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 20,898.01 1,987.87
GDP per capita: ($) .00 55,487.60
GDP growth rate: (%) 2.32 1.08
Inflation: (%) 0 1.1
Unemployment: (%) 0 6.89

Product Trade and investment (2015)

Canadian exports to country: $37,753
Canadian imports from country: $61,414
FDI in Canada: $241,915 million
CDI in European Union: $210,290 million


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Marie-Anne Coninsx

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Dan Costello


October 2016
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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Date Modified:
2012-11-19