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Fact Sheet

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European Union

Official Title:


General Information

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
5-year trade
Canada - European Union
Year Exports Imports
2009 $29,804 $45,396
2010 $34,595 $48,009
2011 $40,110 $52,095
2012 $38,689 $50,568
2013 $33,202 $53,155
Product trade (2013)
21 HS Chapters
Canada - European Union
Chapter Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $397,963,793 $315,737,977
02 Veg. Prod. $1,881,166,131 $451,610,068
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $28,223,019 $168,415,334
04 Food Prod. $438,732,944 $3,251,663,924
05 Mineral Prod. $4,564,788,731 $4,796,257,055
06 Chemical Prod. $3,242,903,268 $9,089,675,122
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $357,529,782 $1,474,515,903
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $136,209,093 $439,073,997
09 Wood Prod. $436,165,380 $203,326,440
10 Paper Prod. $598,893,149 $654,695,916
11 Textiles Prod. $170,878,048 $824,650,431
12 Dress Access. $22,309,855 $312,949,843
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $54,761,917 $652,720,574
14 Precious Metals/stones $9,953,310,674 $966,067,230
15 Base Metal Prod. $2,534,814,508 $2,884,873,466
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $4,202,964,138 $13,896,089,130
17 Vehicles and Equip. $2,236,820,427 $8,257,760,478
18 Specialized Inst. $937,503,869 $2,634,369,376
19 Arms & Ammunition $73,350,406 $109,728,484
20 Misc. Articles $252,999,619 $930,432,545
21 Antiques $54,968,793 $111,819,811

Capital: Brussels, Strasbourg, Luxembourg
Population (million): 506
Total Area: 4,422,773km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.73 EURO (EUR)(2013)
National Holiday: May 9 (Schuman Day)
Language(s): 24 official, 3 working: English, French and German


Political Information

Type of State:
Union of member states

Type of Government:
Rotating EU Presidency Institutions: European Council, Council of the EU, European Commission, European Parliament, Court of Justice, European Court of Auditors, European Central Bank. Rotating EU Presidency: Italy: July 1 � December 31, 2014 Latvia: January 1 � June 30, 2015 Luxembourg: July 1 � December 31, 2015

Head of State:
President European Council Herman Van Rompuy

Head of Government:
President European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker

Ministers:
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy: Federica Mogherini
Commissioner for Trade, Cecilia Malmström

Main Political Parties:
Seat Distribution: (European Parliament) Group of the European People’s Party (EPP): 221; Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament (S&D): 191; European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR): 70 ; Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE): 67; European United Left/Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL): 52 ; The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA): 50; Europe of freedom and direct democracy Group (EFFD): 48; Non-attached Members � Members not belonging to any political group (NI): 52

Elections:
European Parliament: 751 members (5 year terms) until 2019


Economic Information (2013)

Comparative figures
Type European Union Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 17512.11 1881.42
GDP per capita: ($) 0 53593.83
GDP growth rate: (%) 0.17 2.02
Inflation: (%) 1.53 0.96
Unemployment: (%) 0 7.08

Trade and Investment (2013)

Canadian exports to country: $33,202
Canadian imports from country: $53,155
FDI in Canada: $ million
CDI in European Union: $ million


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Marie-Anne Coninsx

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador David Plunkett


November 2014
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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Date Modified:
2012-11-19