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Fact Sheet

Flag of the European Union

European Union

Official Title:


General Information

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
5-year trade
Canada - European Union
Year Exports Imports
2010 $34,595 $48,009
2011 $40,110 $52,095
2012 $38,919 $50,564
2013 $33,184 $53,160
2014 $38,631 $57,790
Product trade (2014)
21 HS Chapters
Canada - European Union
Chapter Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $475,087 $361,988
02 Veg. Prod. $2,607,169 $515,025
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $23,889 $201,025
04 Food Prod. $510,998 $3,430,410
05 Mineral Prod. $6,394,964 $4,315,806
06 Chemical Prod. $3,042,578 $10,097,035
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $424,576 $1,661,498
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $177,956 $628,563
09 Wood Prod. $460,753 $223,026
10 Paper Prod. $662,039 $697,817
11 Textiles Prod. $185,612 $888,330
12 Dress Access. $20,181 $362,527
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $54,744 $700,883
14 Precious Metals/stones $11,064,403 $1,597,830
15 Base Metal Prod. $2,859,769 $3,505,326
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $4,626,711 $15,175,663
17 Vehicles and Equip. $3,003,390 $8,506,364
18 Specialized Inst. $1,159,855 $2,788,918
19 Arms & Ammunition $63,407,546 $116,241,271
20 Misc. Articles $256,695 $1,063,360
21 Antiques $63,676,633 $125,375,240

Capital: Brussels, Strasbourg, Luxembourg
Population (million): 506
Total Area: 4,422,773km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.68 EURO (EUR)(2014)
National Holiday: May 9 (Schuman Day)
Language(s): 24 official


Political Information

Type of State:
Union of member states

Type of Government:
Union of 28 Member States. Institutions: European Council, Council of the EU, European Commission, European Parliament, Court of Justice, European Court of Auditors, European Central Bank. Rotating EU Presidency: Latvia: January 1 � June 30, 2015 Luxembourg: July 1 � December 31, 2015

Head of State:
President European Council Donald Tusk

Head of Government:
President European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker

Ministers:
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy: Federica Mogherini
Commissioner for Trade, Cecilia Malmström

Main Political Parties:
Seat Distribution: (European Parliament) Group of the European People’s Party (Christian Democrats) (EPP): 219; Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament (S&D): 191; European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR): 72; Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE): 68; European United Left/Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL): 52; The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA): 50; Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy Group (EFDD): 47; Non-attached Members (NI): 52

Elections:
European Parliament: 751 members (5 year terms) until 2019


Economic Information (2013)

Comparative figures
Type European Union Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 17512.11 1881.42
GDP per capita: ($) 0 53593.83
GDP growth rate: (%) 0.17 2.02
Inflation: (%) 1.53 0.96
Unemployment: (%) 0 7.08

Trade and Investment (2014)

Canadian exports to country: $38,631
Canadian imports from country: $57,790
FDI in Canada: $ million (2013)
CDI in European Union: $ million (2013)


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Marie-Anne Coninsx

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador David Plunkett


March 2015
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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Date Modified:
2012-11-19