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Fact Sheet

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European Union

Official Title:


General Information

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
5-year trade
Canada - European Union
Year Exports Imports
2010 $34,595,164,174 $48,009,400,902
2011 $40,110,439,796 $52,094,533,782
2012 $38,918,711,838 $50,564,027,171
2013 $33,184,096,779 $53,159,518,102
2014 $38,768,819,804 $57,835,212,297
Product trade (2014)
21 HS Sections
Canada - European Union
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $475,460,585 $362,040,464
02 Veg. Prod. $2,611,430,290 $515,192,877
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $23,888,632 $200,987,974
04 Food Prod. $510,398,846 $3,430,715,206
05 Mineral Prod. $6,394,950,701 $4,310,796,653
06 Chemical Prod. $3,042,243,707 $10,102,500,657
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $424,550,049 $1,664,574,567
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $177,949,209 $628,477,855
09 Wood Prod. $460,875,864 $222,963,325
10 Paper Prod. $661,944,469 $699,253,654
11 Textiles Prod. $185,400,258 $888,797,806
12 Dress Access. $20,180,035 $362,768,171
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $54,732,516 $701,248,808
14 Precious Metals/stones $11,202,992,407 $1,598,074,072
15 Base Metal Prod. $2,859,091,352 $3,500,151,845
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $4,627,681,349 $15,198,761,832
17 Vehicles and Equip. $3,002,461,714 $8,518,508,622
18 Specialized Inst. $1,159,624,946 $2,789,917,286
19 Arms & Ammunition $62,490,547 $118,049,054
20 Misc. Articles $256,593,873 $1,063,259,369
21 Antiques $63,783,078 $125,361,719

Capital: Brussels, Strasbourg, Luxembourg
Population (million): 507
Total Area: 4,422,773km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.68 EURO (EUR)(2014)
National Holiday: May 9 (Schuman Day)
Language(s): 24 official


Political Information

Type of State:
Union of member states

Type of Government:
Union of 28 Member States. Institutions: European Council, Council of the EU, European Commission, European Parliament, Court of Justice, European Court of Auditors, European Central Bank. Rotating EU Presidency: Latvia: January 1 � June 30, 2015 Luxembourg: July 1 � December 31, 2015

Head of State:
President European Council Donald Tusk

Head of Government:
President European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker

Ministers:
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy: Federica Mogherini
Commissioner for Trade, Cecilia Malmström

Main Political Parties:
Seat Distribution: (European Parliament) Group of the European People’s Party (Christian Democrats) (EPP): 219; Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament (S&D): 191; European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR): 72; Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE): 68; European United Left/Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL): 52; The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA): 50; Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy Group (EFDD): 47; Non-attached Members (NI): 52

Elections:
European Parliament: 751 members (5 year terms) until 2019


Economic Information (2014)

Comparative figures
Type European Union Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 20427.49 1975.58
GDP per capita: ($) 40357 55662.75
GDP growth rate: (%) 1.4 2.53
Inflation: (%) 0.53 1.9
Unemployment: (%) 10.2 6.92

Trade and Investment (2014)

Canadian exports to country: $38,768,819,804
Canadian imports from country: $57,835,212,297
FDI in Canada: $215083 million
CDI in European Union: $166322 million


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Marie-Anne Coninsx

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador David Plunkett


May 2015
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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Date Modified:
2012-11-19