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Fact Sheet

Flag of the European Union

European Union

Official Title:


General Information

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
Bilateral Product trade
Canada - European Union
Year Exports Imports
2011 $40,110 $52,095
2012 $38,919 $50,564
2013 $33,265 $53,145
2014 $38,751 $57,848
2015 $37,771 $61,397
Product trade (2015)
21 HS Sections
Canada - European Union
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $576,772 $420,334
02 Veg. Prod. $2,252,027 $619,806
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $29,433 $205,515
04 Food Prod. $567,640 $3,628,190
05 Mineral Prod. $4,367,994 $3,152,109
06 Chemical Prod. $3,083,194 $10,148,499
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $388,579 $1,890,190
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $88,270 $635,454
09 Wood Prod. $456,286 $269,051
10 Paper Prod. $688,784 $758,734
11 Textiles Prod. $196,679 $991,623
12 Dress Access. $20,428 $407,951
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $57,798 $782,016
14 Precious Metals/stones $11,458,830 $1,934,025
15 Base Metal Prod. $2,924,697 $3,571,986
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $5,008 $16,094
17 Vehicles and Equip. $3,236,161 $10,485,864
18 Specialized Inst. $1,296,004 $3,064,110
19 Arms & Ammunition $53,110,891 $107,823,430
20 Misc. Articles $277,550 $1,156,377
21 Antiques $94,154,612 $198,578,872

Capital: Brussels, Strasbourg, Luxembourg
Population (million): 0
Total Area: 4,422,773km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.71 EURO (EUR)(2015 - Annual average)
National Holiday: May 9 (Schuman Day)
Language(s): 24 official


Political Information

Type of State:
Union of member states

Type of Government:
Union of 28 Member States. Institutions: European Council, Council of the EU, European Commission, European Parliament, Court of Justice, European Court of Auditors, European Central Bank. Rotating EU Presidency: Netherlands: January 1 � June 30, 2016; Slovakia: July 1, 2016 � December 31, 2016

Head of State:
President European Council Donald Tusk

Head of Government:
President European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker

Ministers:
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy: Federica Mogherini
Commissioner for Trade: Cecilia Malmström

Main Political Parties:
Seat Distribution: (European Parliament) Group of the European People’s Party (Christian Democrats) (EPP): 219; Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament (S&D): 191; European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR): 72; Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE): 68; European United Left/Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL): 52; The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA): 50; Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy Group (EFDD): 47; Non-attached Members (NI): 52

Elections:
European Parliament: 751 members (5 year terms) until 2019


Economic Information (2015)

Comparative figures
Type European Union Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 20741.16 1985.05
GDP per capita: ($) 0 55409.05
GDP growth rate: (%) 1.99 1.18
Inflation: (%) 0 1.1
Unemployment: (%) 0 6.89

Product Trade and investment (2015)

Canadian exports to country: $37,771
Canadian imports from country: $61,397
FDI in Canada: $241915 million
CDI in European Union: $210290 million


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Marie-Anne Coninsx

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Dan Costello


July 2016
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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Date Modified:
2012-11-19