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Fact Sheet

Flag of the European Union

European Union

Official Title:


General Information

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
Bilateral Product trade
Canada - European Union
Year Exports Imports
2012 $38,919 $50,564
2013 $33,265 $53,145
2014 $38,753 $57,860
2015 $37,780 $61,474
2016 $39,979 $60,920
Product trade (2016)
21 HS Sections
Canada - European Union
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $540,864,887 $523,537,374
02 Veg. Prod. $2,395,276,920 $646,100,487
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $29,749,923 $255,256,384
04 Food Prod. $581,441,790 $3,805,422,616
05 Mineral Prod. $4,503,006,207 $3,511,554,452
06 Chemical Prod. $2,757,449,422 $10,477,196,576
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $350,101,516 $2,041,261,452
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $106,020,700 $651,813,422
09 Wood Prod. $590,212,873 $327,480,712
10 Paper Prod. $713,408,165 $743,274,413
11 Textiles Prod. $219,638,447 $1,092,163,046
12 Dress Access. $25,017,552 $454,759,548
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $60,686,772 $810,332,439
14 Precious Metals/stones $13,174,249,549 $841,738,141
15 Base Metal Prod. $2,162,517,800 $3,216,632,839
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $5,178,994,276 $15,644,082,171
17 Vehicles and Equip. $4,091,381,234 $10,599,199,980
18 Specialized Inst. $1,232,976,207 $2,998,844,790
19 Arms & Ammunition $62,041,500 $77,877,887
20 Misc. Articles $218,169,001 $1,292,653,015
21 Antiques $242,324,765 $89,017,690

Capital: Brussels, Strasbourg, Luxembourg
Population (million): .00
Total Area: 4,324,782km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.68208 EURO (EUR) (2016 - Annual average)
National Holiday: May 9 (Schuman Day)
Language(s): 24 official


Political Information

Type of State:
Union of member states

Type of Government:
Union of 28 Member States. Institutions: European Council, Council of the EU, European Commission, European Parliament, Court of Justice, European Court of Auditors, European Central Bank. Rotating Council of the EU Presidency: Estonia: July 1, 2017 to December 31, 2017

Head of State:
President European Council Donald Tusk

Head of Government:
President European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker

Ministers:
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy: Federica Mogherini
Commissioner for Trade: Cecilia Malmström

Main Political Parties:
Seat Distribution: (European Parliament) Group of the European People’s Party (Christian Democrats) (EPP): 217; Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament (S&D): 189; European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR): 74; Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE): 68; European United Left/Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL): 52; The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA): 51; Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy Group (EFDD): 42; Europe of Nations and Freedom Group : 40 ; Non-attached Members (NI): 18.

Elections:
European Parliament: 751 members (5 year terms) until 2019.


Economic Information (2016)

Comparative figures
Type European Union Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 21,745.02 2,026.59
GDP per capita: ($) 42,514.00 55,938.56
GDP growth rate: (%) 1.95 1.43
Inflation: (%) 0.23 1.41
Unemployment: (%) 0 7

Product Trade and investment (2016)

Canadian exports to country: $39,979
Canadian imports from country: $60,920
FDI in Canada: $ million
CDI in European Union: $ million


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Peteris Ustubs

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Dan Costello


October 2017
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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Date Modified:
2012-11-19