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Canada and the Council of Europe

The Council of Europe (CoE), which has 47 member States, is the continent's oldest political organization. Originally created in 1949 to promote cooperation and strengthen democracy, human rights and the rule of law in Western Europe after the Second World War, it now also serves as a forum for examining a wide range of social issues such as public health and bioethical issues, intolerance and the integration of migrants, terrorism, drug trafficking and criminal activities, privacy, and the impact of new technologies.

Canada was granted official observer status with the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers in 1996 (other observers in the Committee of Ministers are the Unites States of America, Japan, Mexico and the Holy See). In 1997, Canadian parliamentarians were granted official observer status with the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (other observers in the Parliamentary Assembly are Mexico and Israel).

The CoE is a valuable partner for Canada, given its work in support of democracy, human rights and the rule of law. Canada also helped develop, signed and ratified a number of Council of Europe conventions, including the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons and the Anti-Doping Convention, as well as the Convention on Cybercrime. A complete list of conventions signed and/or ratified by Canada is available on the Council of Europe's website. Canada also participates in a number of the Council of Europe's partial agreements, including the European Support Fund for the Co-Production and Distribution of Creative Cinematographic and Audiovisual Works, better known as 'Eurimages'.

The Minister Counsellor and Deputy Head of Mission of the Mission of Canada to the European Union is Canada's Permanent Observer to the Council of Europe.

Further information on Canada and the CoE is available on the Council of Europe's website.


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