A longstanding relationship exists between Canada and the European Union. It is built upon a base of several different agreements that have been concluded and on declarations that have been issued. The Canada-EU dialogue covers all areas of cooperation and includes regular meetings of Ministers, experts and officials. The culmination of these discussions is the annual Canada-EU Summit.
The joint Summits provide an opportunity for the Prime Minister to maintain a relationship with the EU Member State Leader who functions as the President of the Council of the European Union as well as with the President of the European Commission. Summits are held alternately in Canada or Brussels, since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty.