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Facts and myths about CETA

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Helpful info about CETA, which entered in provisional application on September 21st.

IS CETA DANGEROUS FOR THE CLIMATE, the ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH?

No. CETA includes chapters on the environment and sustainable development which provide for cooperation between Canada and Europe. It also guarantees the right for governments part of the EU to regulate in chapters such as the one on safety of agricultural products and the chapter on investments.

Even if CETA was negotiated before the Paris Agreement, Canada and the EU have since recognized, in a formal and binding declaration, the importance of working together towards the application of the Paris Agreement. CETA is not an environment agreement, but it goes beyond any other trade agreement signed by the EU regarding environmental and climate matters.

WILL CETA ALLOW HORMONE-TREATED BEEF, GMO OR OTHER PRODUCTS CURRENTLY FORBIDDEN IN FRANCE ?

No. The European health standards will be fully applicable to Canadian products, including the ban on growth hormones and other food additives for animals, as well as the GM regulation. CETA does not change anything to these standards, nor to the standards implemented in Canada regarding European products imported to Canada.

IS CETA A THREAT TO THE FRENCH CATTLE INDUSTRY?

No. The duty-free in-quotas of beef will come to 47,340 tons, i.e. less than 0.7% of the European market, and 1.9 grams per week and per inhabitant – which weighs less than a Euro penny. The in-quota for pork meat is about 80,000 tons, which represents less than 0.5% of quantities consumed in Europe. These quotas will span progressively over 6 years (i.e., completely accessible in 2022).

WILL CETA PAVE THE WAY FOR PRIVATE JUSTICE ALLOWING MUTINATIONAL COMPANIES TO IMPOSE THEIR VIEWS?

No. The chapter on investments breaks from private practice and arbitration, which is present in over 90 treaties signed by France. CETA provides for a court system composed of judges, nominated and paid by States, with the possibility to appeal. CETA reinforces ethical requirements for the members of the court and helps prevent conflicts of interests. This court will be implemented upon the full entry into force (i.e., once CETA is ratified by the 38 National and Regional Parliaments of the 28 EU Member States).

WHAT ARE THE OTHER BENEFITS OF CETA FOR FRENCH ECONOMY ?

France will be able to export 98% of its products to Canada duty-free, which will be beneficial for important economic sectors such as processed agricultural products, spirits and wine, the pharmaceutical industry, cosmetic products, textile and clothing. With CETA, Canada is opening its government procurement markets at a federal, provincial and municipal level – a first in international trade agreements signed by Canada. Public transport, construction and public works, consulting services, IT services, equipment repair and services will be among the sectors which should benefit the most from CETA.

WHAT’S NEXT ?

The French Parliament will be called to ratify the Agreement once the French government decides to bring it before Parliament. CETA must be ratified by the 38 National and Regional Parliaments of the 28 EU Member States) before fully entering into force.

 


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Date Modified:
2017-11-17