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Fact Sheet

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Germany

Official Title:
Federal Republic of Germany


General Information

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Germany
Year Exports Imports
2011 $3,955,358,135 $12,808,810,977
2012 $3,578,329,088 $14,297,888,488
2013 $3,430,857,904 $15,401,011,497
2014 $3,121,128,958 $15,964,600,368
2015 $3,612,491,190 $17,341,596,050
Product trade (2015)
21 HS Sections
Canada - Germany
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $32,111,856 $53,375,903
02 Veg. Prod. $180,810,056 $59,475,064
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $4,928,303 $2,726,625
04 Food Prod. $61,174,750 $282,683,610
05 Mineral Prod. $630,952,591 $118,573,341
06 Chemical Prod. $295,448,101 $2,471,813,122
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $39,651,620 $588,119,764
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $7,892,653 $10,473,020
09 Wood Prod. $24,702,736 $91,728,600
10 Paper Prod. $124,936,265 $159,592,805
11 Textiles Prod. $27,718,028 $84,128,063
12 Dress Access. $2,764,431 $28,641,484
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $5,696,883 $146,552,785
14 Precious Metals/stones $228,879,465 $27,785,375
15 Base Metal Prod. $145,717,586 $1,101,033,466
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $1,027,348,574 $5,852,092,564
17 Vehicles and Equip. $244,178,610 $4,768,406,447
18 Specialized Inst. $244,003,580 $1,074,986,565
19 Arms & Ammunition $6,594,677 $24,155,634
20 Misc. Articles $22,380,647 $200,524,221
21 Antiques $1,240,285 $18,370,956

Capital: Berlin
Population (million): 81.9
Total Area: 357,021km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.71 EURO (EUR)(2015 - Annual average)
National Holiday: October 3 - Day of German Unity
Language(s): German


Political Information

Type of State:
Federal republic

Type of Government:
Parliamentary democracy. Bicameral parliament with a Bundestag (Federal Assembly- 630 seats) and a Bundesrat (Federal Council - 69 seats). The Bundesrat is determined by the composition of the state-level governments. Chancellor elected by an absolute majority of the Bundestag. Cabinet appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Chancellor. Administrative divisions: 16 Länder (states). Governing coalition: Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU), and Social Democratic Party (SPD).

Head of State:
President Joachim Gauck

Head of Government:
Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU)

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Frank-Walter Steinmeier (SPD)
Economics and Energy: Sigmar Gabriel (SPD)
Development: Gerd Müller (CSU)
Finance: Wolfgang Schäuble (CDU)

Main Political Parties:
Social Democratic Party (SPD), Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU), Left Party (Die Linke), Alliance 90/The Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen), Free Democratic Party (FDP). Bundestag: CDU/CSU (311), SPD (193), Left Party (64), Alliance 90/The Greens (63)

Elections:
President: 5 year term; next in 2017. Bundestag members: 4 year term; next in 2017.


Economic Information (2015)

Comparative figures
Type Germany Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 4293.42 1985.05
GDP per capita: ($) 52422.68 55409.05
GDP growth rate: (%) 1.45 1.18
Inflation: (%) 0.14 1.1
Unemployment: (%) 4.63 6.89

Product Trade and investment (2015)

Canadian exports to country: $3,612,491,190
Canadian imports from country: $17,341,596,050
FDI in Canada: $13492 million
CDI in Germany: $6597 million


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Werner Wnendt

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Marie Gervais-Vidricaire


August 2016
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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Date Modified:
2010-02-19