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Fact Sheet

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Germany

Official Title:
Federal Republic of Germany


General Information

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Germany
Year Exports Imports
2012 $3,578,329,088 $14,297,888,488
2013 $3,430,857,904 $15,401,011,497
2014 $3,120,887,701 $15,965,271,132
2015 $3,612,792,958 $17,360,222,188
2016 $4,062,724,312 $17,240,128,326
Product trade (2016)
21 HS Sections
Canada - Germany
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $29,592,227 $56,184,160
02 Veg. Prod. $228,189,733 $63,163,571
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $5,673,024 $1,856,491
04 Food Prod. $76,665,546 $288,906,925
05 Mineral Prod. $477,100,726 $62,375,989
06 Chemical Prod. $450,412,600 $2,801,295,891
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $39,102,392 $615,830,054
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $7,544,267 $10,226,511
09 Wood Prod. $24,733,773 $123,615,680
10 Paper Prod. $130,761,989 $157,380,030
11 Textiles Prod. $32,625,947 $98,623,286
12 Dress Access. $3,552,139 $31,036,257
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $5,160,372 $146,016,325
14 Precious Metals/stones $269,210,995 $58,670,166
15 Base Metal Prod. $149,872,780 $946,148,063
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $1,090,827,924 $5,296,691,943
17 Vehicles and Equip. $398,987,545 $4,867,336,674
18 Specialized Inst. $266,591,874 $1,092,819,746
19 Arms & Ammunition $15,013,462 $22,729,934
20 Misc. Articles $29,146,150 $242,391,031
21 Antiques $1,767,119 $13,405,154

Capital: Berlin
Population (million): 82.73
Total Area: 357,021km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.68208 EURO (EUR) (2016 - Annual average)
National Holiday: October 3 - Day of German Unity
Language(s): German


Political Information

Type of State:
Federal republic

Type of Government:
Parliamentary democracy. Bicameral parliament with a Bundestag (Federal Assembly- 630 seats) and a Bundesrat (Federal Council - 69 seats). The Bundesrat is determined by the composition of the state-level governments. Chancellor elected by an absolute majority of the Bundestag. Cabinet appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Chancellor. Administrative divisions: 16 Länder (states). Governing coalition: Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU), and Social Democratic Party (SPD).

Head of State:
President Frank-Walter Steinmeier

Head of Government:
Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU)

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Sigmar Gabriel (SPD)
Economics and Energy: Brigitte Zypries (SPD)
Development: Gerd Müller (CSU)
Finance: Wolfgang Schäuble (CDU)

Main Political Parties:
Social Democratic Party (SPD), Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU), Left Party (Die Linke), Alliance 90/The Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen), Free Democratic Party (FDP). Bundestag: CDU/CSU (310), SPD (193), Left Party (64), Alliance 90/The Greens (63)

Elections:
President: 5 year term; next in 2022. Bundestag members: 4 year term; next on September 24, 2017.


Economic Information (2016)

Comparative figures
Type Germany Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 4,594.13 2,026.59
GDP per capita: ($) 55,530.58 55,938.56
GDP growth rate: (%) 1.77 1.43
Inflation: (%) 0.38 1.41
Unemployment: (%) 4.16 7

Product Trade and investment (2016)

Canadian exports to country: $4,062,724,312
Canadian imports from country: $17,240,128,326
FDI in Canada: $13,492 million (2015)
CDI in Germany: $6,597 million (2015)


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Werner Wnendt

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Marie Gervais-Vidricaire


April 2017
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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Date Modified:
2010-02-19