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Fact Sheet

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Germany

Official Title:
Federal Republic of Germany


General Information

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Germany
Year Exports Imports
2012 $3,578,329,088 $14,297,888,488
2013 $3,430,857,904 $15,401,011,497
2014 $3,120,887,701 $15,965,271,132
2015 $3,612,792,958 $17,360,222,188
2016 $4,062,748,545 $17,240,498,098
Product trade (2016)
21 HS Sections
Canada - Germany
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $29,592,227 $56,184,170
02 Veg. Prod. $228,189,733 $63,167,880
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $5,673,024 $1,856,498
04 Food Prod. $76,665,546 $288,880,511
05 Mineral Prod. $477,100,726 $62,380,825
06 Chemical Prod. $450,475,592 $2,801,767,381
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $39,120,018 $615,759,668
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $7,544,267 $10,226,654
09 Wood Prod. $24,733,773 $123,643,717
10 Paper Prod. $130,761,989 $157,392,156
11 Textiles Prod. $32,626,044 $98,645,914
12 Dress Access. $3,552,139 $31,035,644
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $5,160,372 $146,048,772
14 Precious Metals/stones $269,210,995 $58,670,164
15 Base Metal Prod. $149,880,026 $945,698,930
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $1,091,041,416 $5,303,924,954
17 Vehicles and Equip. $398,990,820 $4,868,441,433
18 Specialized Inst. $266,711,780 $1,094,628,141
19 Arms & Ammunition $15,013,462 $22,728,870
20 Misc. Articles $29,155,175 $242,403,400
21 Antiques $1,767,119 $13,405,154

Capital: Berlin
Population (million): 82.73
Total Area: 357,021km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.68208 EURO (EUR) (2016 - Annual average)
National Holiday: October 3 - Day of German Unity
Language(s): German


Political Information

Type of State:
Federal republic

Type of Government:
Parliamentary democracy. Bicameral parliament with a Bundestag (Federal Assembly- 630 seats) and a Bundesrat (Federal Council - 69 seats). The Bundesrat is determined by the composition of the state-level governments. Chancellor elected by an absolute majority of the Bundestag. Cabinet appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Chancellor. Administrative divisions: 16 Länder (states). Governing coalition: Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU), and Social Democratic Party (SPD).

Head of State:
President Frank-Walter Steinmeier

Head of Government:
Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU)

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Sigmar Gabriel (SPD)
Economics and Energy: Brigitte Zypries (SPD)
Development: Gerd Müller (CSU)
Finance: Wolfgang Schäuble (CDU)

Main Political Parties:
Social Democratic Party (SPD), Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU), Left Party (Die Linke), Alliance 90/The Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen), Free Democratic Party (FDP). Bundestag: CDU/CSU (310), SPD (193), Left Party (64), Alliance 90/The Greens (63)

Elections:
President: 5 year term; next in 2022. Bundestag members: 4 year term; next on September 24, 2017.


Economic Information (2016)

Comparative figures
Type Germany Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 4,594.13 2,026.59
GDP per capita: ($) 55,530.58 55,938.56
GDP growth rate: (%) 1.77 1.43
Inflation: (%) 0.38 1.41
Unemployment: (%) 4.16 7

Product Trade and investment (2016)

Canadian exports to country: $4,062,748,545
Canadian imports from country: $17,240,498,098
FDI in Canada: $15,563 million
CDI in Germany: $12,364 million


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador-Designate Sabine Sparwasser

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Stéphane Dion


August 2017
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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Date Modified:
2010-02-19