Canada provides significant support to Haiti through the ongoing work of Canadian departments and agencies working together closely. This includes personnel at headquarters and on the ground in Haiti working from our Embassy in Port-au-Prince including the Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT), the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), Public Safety (PS), the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC), Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) and the Department of National Defence (DND). Each department and agency plays a key role in delivering Canadian support to Haiti.
The department's Haiti Task Force plays a role in coordinating the whole-of-government effort in Haiti, and in engaging with our international and hemispheric partners, notably through ongoing high-level engagement at both political and official levels. Haiti is a departmental priority and central to our engagement in the Americas, as our largest program in the region.
The Stabilization and Reconstruction Task Force (START) of the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT) has been in Haiti since 2006. The program's annual contribution is approximately $15 million. Following the January 2010 earthquake, this amount was increased to $25 million and projects focused on the reconstruction of Haiti's security sector, which was severely compromised by the earthquake.
DFAIT's International Education and Youth Division supports higher education in Haiti through its Canada-Haiti Scholarship Initiative, which was developed in response to the January 12 earthquake to assist Haitian students complete their studies and to strengthen institution-to-institution partnernships between Canadian and Haiti colleges and universities.
CIDA is Canada's principal conduit for the provision of humanitarian and development assistance programming in Haiti. CIDA works closely with the Government of Haiti and the international community to ensure that all efforts to rebuild Haiti are affective and well coordinated. CIDA's programs are designed to meet the needs of the population and improve access to basic services, increase food security, secure the future of children and youth, and stimulate sustainable economic growth.
CIDA responded quickly and generously to assist millions of Haitians affected by the terrible earthquake that struck Haiti in January 2010. In total, the Canadian Government's current commitment to Haiti is now over $1 billion (2006-2012), making Haiti the largest development recipient in the Americas.
Canada, represented by CIDA, is a voting member of the Interim Haitian Recovery Commission and the Haiti Reconstruction Fund. CIDA is working with the Government of Haiti, its Canadian partners, and its international counterparts to assist the most vulnerable and to rebuild Haiti, in accordance with Haiti's Action Plan.
Public Safety Canada supports security system reform in Haiti by working with its Portfolio Agencies including the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) and the Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA) to strengthen Haiti's police, corrections and customs institutions. The Public Safety Portfolio's engagement in Haiti is our largest internationally, with more personnel deployed in Haiti than anywhere else in the world.
As part of CIDA's Haiti Tax Mobilization Support Project, the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) is providing Haiti long-term technical assistance and training (2010-2014) in the following areas: development of management structures; composition and structure of organizational framework; legal framework; human resources; operating procedures; and cooperation, partnerships and communications.
Through the RCMP's International Peace Operations Program, Canadian civilian police officers from agencies across Canada have served in Haiti as advisors to the Haitian National Police (HNP) in the areas of management, professional standards, training and mentoring. Since 1993, Canadian police from municipal, regional, provincial and the RCMP have participated in various UN missions in Haiti. Our involvement in this country has been our program's largest and longest-standing international contribution.
The Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) is working in collaboration with its partners from the international relations community to contribute to the reform of the justice system and support the Haitian Government efforts to strengthen their correctional system.
CSC has been deploying staff to Haiti since 2007 as part of the United Nations Stabilization Mission (MINUSTAH) to provide mentoring, advice and training to Haitian correctional authorities at both the national and regional levels.
In July 2011, the Government of Canada resumed full immigration services for applications out of Haiti from Citizenship and Immigration.
The Department of National Defence and the Canadisn Forces supports the development of security and stability in Haiti, contributing to the development of human rights, strengthening democracy, and creating a more stable environment. The Canadian Forces (CF) has contributed to the United Nation's Stabilization Mission (known as MINUSTAH) in Haiti since 2004. Operation HAMLET is the Canadian Forces participation in MINUSTAH, part of the Canadian whole-of-government engagement in Haiti. Canada has now doubled the number of CF personnel assisting with MINUSTAH following increased demands after the earthquake. The Government of Canada agreed in August 2010 to extend the Canada's contribution until no later than December 2011. CF personnel in Haiti serve in key positions, including Chief of Staff at MINUSTAH Task Force Headquarters in Port-au-Prince.