Canada established diplomatic relations with the Bahamas in 1973 after it achieved independence from Great Britain.
Canada is represented in The Bahamas by the High Commission of Canada in Jamaica. Canada also has an Honorary Consulate located in Nassau.
The Bahamas is represented in Canada by the High Commission of the Bahamas in Ottawa.
Regarding bilateral relations, Canada and The Bahamas enjoy a constructive and multifaceted relationship, based on a shared Commonwealth history. Canada and The Bahamas also work closely in multilateral forums such as the United Nations and the Organization of American States. The Bahamas receives over 150,000 Canadian tourists annually and has a large resident Canadian community.
Canadian universities and colleges are a destination of choice for many Bahamian students, and partnerships have been formed between the College of The Bahamas and various Canadian institutions. Through the RCMP, Canada has worked with the Bahamian police in battling organized crime. This includes the provision of a wide variety of law enforcement and counter-terrorism training via regional programming. Canada and The Bahamas signed an Agreement on the Sharing of Forfeited or Confiscated Assets and their Equivalent Funds in March 2009. This agreement will provide for the sharing of seized funds when these funds are confiscated or forfeited as the result of a shared criminal investigation.
Discussions are underway between Canada and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), which The Bahamas is a member of,aimed at achievinga mutually beneficial trade agreement that provides significant economic benefits and takes into account the region's capacity constraints and vulnerabilities.
With regard to Canada’s trade relationship with The Bahamas, Canada’s bilateral merchandise trade with The Bahamas increased by 90.7% in 2008 to reach $303.9 million. Merchandise exports to The Bahamas totalled $230.8 million in 2008 and included mineral fuels and oils, machinery, preserved food, electrical and electronic equipment, and pharmaceutical products. Merchandise imports from The Bahamas reached $73.1 million in 2008 and included organic chemicals, mineral fuel and oils, fish and seafood, salt, sulphur, stones and fruits and nuts.
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