Canada established diplomatic relations with Uganda in 1962 following its independence.
In Uganda, Canada is represented by the Canadian High Commission in Nairobi, Kenya. Canada also has a Consulate in Kampala. Uganda is represented in Canada by a High Commission in Ottawa.
Canada’s engagement with Uganda aims to assist the government and people of Uganda to lay the foundations for a lasting peace in Uganda and the broader region. Canada was amongst the principal supporters of the northern Uganda peace process started in 2006 and aimed at resolving the longstanding conflict between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army. Canada continues to provide humanitarian assistance for conflict and disaster-affected populations.
Canada takes principled positions on important issues to ensure that freedom, democracy, human rights and the rule of law are enjoyed around the world. Canada has clearly spoken out against criminalization and violence committed against persons on the basis of their sexuality. Canada is working with likeminded countries and partners to coordinate its efforts on this important issue
In 2012, two-way merchandise trade totaled $13.2 million consisting of $10.0 million in exports to, and $3.2 million in imports from, Uganda. Top Canadian merchandise exports to Uganda included textiles, machinery and equipment while top Canadian merchandise imports from Uganda were primarily coffee, fish and seafood, live trees, and cocoa.
On the investment side, Canadian interests and activities are concentrated primarily in the mining and infrastructure (power generation and transportation) sectors. According to Natural Resources Canada, Canadian cumulative mining assets in Uganda in 2011 amounted to $106,000. Canadian companies in other sectors currently operating in Uganda include Lea International (pursuing consulting engineering work), and Canarail (pursuing railway projects to rehabilitate the line from Kampala to Fort Portal).