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Canada-Libya Relations

The Canadian-Libyan post-revolution bilateral relationship is based on mutual respect, common interest in promoting democratic governance, respect for human rights and the rule of law, and a desire to strengthen commercial relations. Due to violence and insecurity, Canada closed its Embassy in Libya in July 2014 and has temporarily relocated its operations to Tunisia.  This is a temporary measure and has no relation to our continuing and long-standing diplomatic relations with Libya. We will return to Tripoli when a secure and stable environment has been restored. According to the most recent Canadian census, there were 3,570 people of Libyan origin in Canada. Also, more than 1000 young Libyans are currently studying in Canadian colleges and universities.

Political Engagement

In 2011, through its role in NATO Operation Unified Protector, Canada was among the first countries to respond to the demands by the Libyan people for democracy and freedom. Canada made a significant contribution to the success of the popular uprising and provided $ 10.6 million in humanitarian assistance.

The Government of Canada is committed to supporting the Libyan authorities during their critical transitional period. In support of post-conflict stabilization efforts, Canada has allocated approximately $ 20 million, including:

  • $ 11.5 million to help secure and destroy weapons of mass destruction, stockpiles of conventional weapons, explosive remnants of war (ERW), and radioactive sources.
  • $ 600,000 for technical assistance and training in relation to the constitutional reform and the strengthening of governance.
  • $ 829,000 through the Libya Capacity Deployments Initiative (LCDI) to respond to immediate and medium-term needs as identified by the Libyan Government. Canada has deployed Canadian experts to provide technical assistance and advice on police training, defence reform, health services in prisons and strategic communications.
  • $ 3 million in electoral assistance to support the democratic transition in Libya while helping to foster women’s empowerment and participation in Libya’s democratic processes.
  • $ 1.7 million through the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to assist the Libyan authorities to implement the reforms in budgetary planning and preparation recommended by the World Bank and the IMF.

In addition, through the Deauville Partnership Middle East North Africa Transition Fund, of which Canada is a major contributor, $13 M was approved to support Libya’s small and medium enterprise development, in order to generate employment particular for youth and vulnerable groups, build leadership in the government, help develop the private sector, reform the electricity sector and modernize customs and borders.

The Canada Fund for Local Initiatives (CFLI) has contributed $ 260,000 (2012-14) to support local community development and the active engagement of Libyan civil society organizations and NGOs. Projects supported the democratic transition, encouraged women to participate in the political process, delivered humanitarian assistance to combat-affected populations, and promoted direct engagement of citizens in the constitutional drafting process.

The on-going civil conflict in Libya has delayed the Libyan democratic transition, resulted in serious violation of basic human rights, caused the destruction vital infrastructure and severe economic disruption, led to widespread human suffering, and the collapse of vital institutions. Canada continues to support efforts to build a stable, democratic and prosperous Libya, in cooperation with the UN and other international partners. Only a united Libya, under the leadership of an inclusive and democratic government, anchored on the rule of law, will be able to mobilise the political, economic, social and security resources necessary to advance the democratic transition and defeat terrorism.

Commercial Relations

Canada – Libya relations are limited. However, Canada is committed to strengthening and expanding its commercial ties and investment in Libya, when the situation stabilizes. Canadian commercial activity in Libya, which had been on an upswing immediately following the revolution, was swiftly curtailed by the violence and increasing insecurity. Ongoing civil conflict, coupled with the threat of terrorist attack, the emergence of an environment of impunity, the collapse of the rule of law and key state institutions, and the unavailability of a wide range of essential services have considerably increased the risks associated with the pursuit of commercial activities in Libya. In 2014, Canadian exports to Libya totalled $78.7 million (down from CDN $116.1 in 2013), Canadian imports from Libya totalled CDN $10.2 million (down from CDN $80.5 in 2013). Due to the suspension of operations of Canadian companies in Libya, these figures would likely decrease significantly next year. Despite very interesting opportunities available in sectors of Canadian expertise, lack of stability and insecurity in Libya have discouraged the entry of Canadian companies into the market.

May 2015

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