Canada and Niger established diplomatic relations in 1962. Although Canada has not had a resident ambassador in Niger, the Canadian Embassy in Bamako, Mali has ensured representation of Canada in Niger since 2011. Prior to this time, Canada’s interests were represented in Niger by our embassies in Lagos, Nigeria (1962-1970) and Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire (1970-2011). From 1972 to 2012, an Office of the Canadian Embassy was located in Niamey, which reported to our embassy accredited to Niger. Niger has been represented in Canada since 1978 through its Embassy in Ottawa.
Canada and Niger enjoy good but limited bilateral relations. Interaction between Canada and Niger is largely carried out in multilateral institutions, such as the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) and the United Nations (UN).
Trade between our two countries is modest. Two-way merchandise trade reached $7 million in 2012, with nearly $6.6 million in Canadian exports to Niger and $475 729 in imports from Niger to Canada. Canadian companies in Niger are active mostly in research and exploration of uranium, gold and oil.
Canada's bilateral development assistance with Niger goes back to the early 1960s. The Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (DFATD) has supported projects that increased food security, improved education and advanced gender equality. As part of the 2012 Economic Action Plan of the Government of Canada, DFATD terminated its bilateral development programming in Niger in March 2013. Niger remains eligible for other cooperation channels, including Global/Multilateral Programs and those involving Partnerships for Development. For example, Canada provided $3 million to the World Food Program in 2013 in order to provide food assistance to populations suffering from food insecurity in Niger.
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