Canada and Niger established diplomatic relations in 1962. Although Canada has not had a resident ambassador in Niger, the Canadian Embassy in Bamako, Mali, has ensured representation of Canada in Niger since 2011. Prior to this time, Canada’s interests were represented in Niger by our embassies in Lagos, Nigeria (1962-1970) and Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire (1970-2011). From 1972 to 2012, an Office of the Canadian Embassy was located in Niamey, which reported to our embassy accredited to Niger. Niger had been represented in Canada through its Embassy in Ottawa from 1978 until the end of 2013.
Canada and Niger enjoy good but limited bilateral relations. Interaction between Canada and Niger is largely carried out in multilateral institutions, such as the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) and the United Nations (UN), and through training programs by the Canadian Armed Forces.
Trade between Canada and Niger is modest but expanding. In 2013, two-way merchandise trade almost reached $5.8 million. Canadian exports to Niger totaled $4.6 million, including machines, vehicles and textiles. Importations from Niger to Canada totaled $1.2 million, including machines, rubber, plastic, and iron products. Canada is an important actor in the mining sector and there are growing opportunities for investment.
In 2013-2014, Canadian development assistance, estimated at $10.34 million targeted health and humanitarian assistance. The main Canadian partners involved in Niger are Oxfam-Québec and to a lesser extent, Crossroads International and the Consortium WUSC-CECI. The main multilateral partners are the World Food Organisation and the World Health Organisation. For more information on projects with Niger, see DFATD’s Project Browser.
Then Minister of Foreign Affairs Lawrence Cannon met with then Nigerien Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration, Aïchatou Mindaoudou at the 14th African Union Summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in 2010. Prime Minister Stephen Harper met with the transitional Prime Minister, Mahamadou Danda, on the margins of the Francophonie Summit in Montreux in October, 2010.
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