Relations Canada- Niger
Diplomatic recognition of Niger dates back to 1962. The Embassy of Canada in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, has been accredited to Niger until summer 2011, when accreditation was transferred to the Embassy of Canada in Bamako, Mali. A DFATD support unit office in Niamey was closed on August 31, 2012 followed by the closur of an Office of the Embassy on August 31, 2013. This closure in no way affects the quality of our good relationship with Niger. Niger was represented by an Embassy in Ottawa from 1978 to the end of 2013. Since then, the Nigerien Embassy in Washington has been responsible for relations with Canada.
Relations between Canada and Niger are limited. Interaction between Canada and Niger is largely carried out in multilateral institutions, such as La Francophonie and the United Nations, and through training programs by the Canadian Armed Forces
Trade between Canada and Niger is modest. In 2014, two-way trade reached $4.8 million. Canadian exports to Niger totaled $3.5 million, including automobiles; textiles; scientific instruments; and machinery. Importations from Niger to Canada totaled $1.3 million, including machinery; aircraft and parts; impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; articles of iron or steel; and miscellaneous metal articles. Currently, Canada does not have a trade agreement with Niger.
Canada responds to food and humanitarian crises in Niger. In 2013-2014, Canadian development assistance estimated at $16.90 million targeted health and humanitarian assistance. The main Canadian partners involved in Niger are Oxfam-Québec, Crossroads International and the Consortium WUSC-CECI. The main multilateral partners are the World Food Organisation and the World Health Organisation. In response to humanitarian needs, in 2014 Canada contributed $3 million to the World Food Program for its activities in Niger. In addition, to respond to the flow of Nigerien refugees in the Diffa region, Canada also supports CARE Canada, which brought emergency assistance to 14,000 people.
Canada does not provide bilateral development assistance to the government of Niger. Niger can receive Canadian development assistance delivered by international and other
Canada, through the Counter-Terrorism Capacity Building Program (CTCBP), contributes to the Government of Niger’s counter-terrorism efforts. Canadian military trainers also accompanied Nigerien forces in their participation in the regional military exercise “Flintlock”. This military exercise, involving African, European and North American armed forces, is organized by the United Nations and held annually in a country of the subregion to improve the counterterrorism capacity of the countries involved.
In addition, since 2014, Canada has supported INTERPOL, via the Anti-Crime Capacity Building Program (ACCBP) in implementing a project to help a number of West African countries, including Niger, to detect and prevent human smuggling operations.
As part of the Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF/FGCT), Canada and Algeria co-chair the Sahel Working Group. Niger is regularly invited to participate in plenary meetings and training sessions organized by the GCTF/FGCT Sahel Working Group.
A bilateral meeting between the then Minister of International Cooperation, Beverley J. Oda, the then-Prime Minister of Niger, Seini Oumarou, and Niger’s then Foreign Minister, Aïchatou Mindaoudou, was held on the margins of the 12th Francophonie Summit (Quebec City, October 2008). Then Minister of Foreign Affairs Lawrence Cannon met with then Nigerien Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration, Aïchatou Mindaoudou at the 14th African Union Summit (Addis-Ababa, 2010). Prime Minister Stephen met with the transitional Prime Minister, Mahamadou Danda, on the margins of the XII Francophonie Summit (Montreux, 2010). The Minister of Economic Development and La Francophonie, Christian Paradis, met in November 2014 with his Nigerien counterpart, then Foreign Affairs Minister Mohamed Bazoum, on the margins of the XV Francophonie Summit in Dakar. Minister of State Lynne Yelich met with the Minister of Mines and Sustainable Development, Omar Hamidou Tchiana, at the Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada (PDAC) conference held in Toronto from March 1 to 4, 2015.
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