Canada - Mali Relations
Canada and Mali established diplomatic relations in 1962, shortly after Mali’s independence. The two countries work closely together on issues such as development, governance and democracy. Increasing stability and security is a key element of the bilateral relations. Mali is a country of focus for Canadian official development assistance and a country which offers a promising outlook for Canadian entrepreneurs, while also receiving significant Canadian mining investments.
Canada in Mali
In Mali, Canada has been represented by the Embassy of Canada in Mali, in Bamako, since 1970.
Mali in Canada
Mali has been represented in Canada by the Embassy of Mali in Ottawa since 1972.
Malian’s Students in Canada
In 2015, approximately 660 Malian students had a valid permit to study in Canada.
Trade and Investments
Canada and Mali have an established trade relationship, which features a significant growth potential. In 2014–2015, the bilateral merchandise trade totalled more than $21 million, including $20.6 million in exports. The main Canadian exports included machinery; printed products; articles of iron or steel; and, textile articles. Canadian imports from Mali totalled $900,000.
Canadian mining investments in Mali were estimated at more than one billion dollars in 2014.
A Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) became effective in June 2016. It provides greater predictability regarding the business environment for Canadian investors already active in Mali or considering the possibility of doing so.
Development and Humanitarian Assistance
- In 2014–2015, Canada’s official development aid to Mali (from all sources) reached more than $152 million.
- Canada is Mali’s third most important bilateral partner in terms of development cooperation (after France and the United States) and the lead bilateral donor in the area of women’s and children’s health.
- Canada is a major partner in the areas of rural development, governance (including justice sector reform) and education.
- The main Canadian and international partners are the Malian government, the Centre for International Cooperation in Health and Development (CCISD), the University of Montreal, Plan International Canada, Lawyers without Borders, and the Center for International Studies and Cooperation (CISC).
- Since 2012, Canada has provided $44 million in humanitarian assistance to meet the urgent needs of people affected by violence and food insecurity in Mali and neighbouring countries.
- In January 2015, Canada began a three-year term as a member of the Troika of development partners in Mali, including a term as leader from January to December 2016.
- See Project Browser for additional information on programming in Mali.
Canadian Contribution to Peace and Security
- Core funding for the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) comes from dues countries pay to the UN’s peacekeeping budget. Canada is currently the 9th largest contributor to the overall US$8 billion budget for 2016-2017.
- In May 2013, Canada committed $4 million to the United Nations trust fund to support stabilization, $5 million to support the African Union Mission in Mali and $1 million to the European Union Training Mission in Mali.
- Since 2010, Canada, through the Counter-Terrorism Capacity Building Program has committed approximately $39 million in concrete counter-terrorism initiatives in Africa, including in Mali. These initiatives aim to develop the capacity of Malian authorities in border security, criminal justice in the context of the fight against terrorism, and countering violent extremism.
Other Relevant Information
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