Canada - Mozambique Relations

Diplomatic relations and official representation

Canada and Mozambique have maintained diplomatic relations since Mozambique’s independence in 1975. Canada’s office in Mozambique was upgraded to a full High Commission in 2004.

Mozambique is represented in Canada by the High Commission of Mozambique to Canada, located in Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

Bilateral relations

Relations between Canada and Mozambique have taken great strides in the last decade. While Canada has had an office in Mozambique since the late 80s, Ottawa opened a High Commission in Maputo in 2004, and the two countries have been holding bilateral political consultations since May 2006. Ministerial, parliamentary and official-level visits and exchanges have become increasingly common over the past several years. Minister of International Cooperation Bev Oda visited Mozambique in 2010.

Canada also provided peacekeepers and significant support to the UN operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ) (1992-1994). Our two countries have collaborated in Mozambique and internationally on the Ottawa Convention to ban landmines, and on UN reform.

Development Assistance

Canada and Mozambique have been development partners since Mozambique's independence in 1975. In 2002, as part of Canada’s commitment to strengthen aid effectiveness, Mozambique was identified as a core country for Canadian assistance. This partnership was reconfirmed in 2009 when Mozambique was recognised as one of Canada’s twenty countries of focus for development assistance. Canadian support is provided through a combination of direct contributions to the Government of Mozambique through common funds, budget support and other programme-based approaches, as well as of projects with Canadian, international and Mozambican organizations. Canada's assistance focuses on increasing food security, stimulating sustainable economic growth, and securing the future of children and youth by investing in health and education. Mozambique is also one of Canada's ten countries of focus for the Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health.

Underpinning Canada’s support to the Government of Mozambique is our contribution to general budget support and targeted initiatives in the area of governance. Gender equality and HIV/AIDS prevention are systematically integrated into all programming as cross-cutting themes. Canada is an active member of the donor community in Mozambique and, from June 2011 to June 2012, was chair of the Group of 19 donors, which leads dialogue between the donors and the government of Mozambique.


Although Canada has a modest trade relationship with Mozambique, there are increasing opportunities for growth in trade and investment. In 2010, two-way merchandise trade between Canada and Mozambique rose by 73.2% to approximately $14.2 million, according to Statistics Canada. Principal Canadian exports to Mozambique in 2010 consisted of miscellaneous textile articles, cereals, machinery, vegetables and electrical machinery, while tobacco, fruit and nuts, musical instruments, wood, and machinery mainly made up Canada's imports from Mozambique. Mozambique’s huge mining/natural gas potential represents important opportunities for the Canadian private sector.

June 2012

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