Canada’s first ambassador was appointed to São Tomé & Príncipe in 1979, four years after the country achieved independence in 1975. Since 2011, Canada is represented in São Tomé & Príncipe by the Canadian High Commission in Abuja, Nigeria. São Tomé & Príncipe is represented in Canada by its U.N Permanent Mission in New York and by an Honorary Consul in Montreal.
Bilateral relations between Canada and São Tomé & Príncipe are very limited. Two-way merchandise trade remains minimal, reaching around $132,000 in 2013. However, São Tomé & Príncipe has been interacting with Canada within the International Organisation of La Francophonie, which it joined in 1995.
Canada contributes indirectly to the achievement of development results in São Tomé & Príncipe through its long-term institutional support to multilateral and global organizations. In 2013, Canada contributed $20 million to the Congo Basin Forest Fund (CBFF), which is managed by the African Development Bank, to help local communities in forest zones secure sustainable livelihoods and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, therefore alleviating poverty while maximizing carbon storage. São Tomé & Príncipe as well as nine other Central African countries benefit from the CBFF.
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