Canada - Nigeria Relations
Canada in Nigeria
Canada and Nigeria established diplomatic relations at Nigeria’s independence in 1962.
Since 2004, Canada has an Honorary Consul in Port Harcourt.
The Canada-Nigeria Bi-National Commission, created in 2012, serves as a key forum for bilateral exchanges on political, trade, development and security issues.
Nigeria in Canada
Nigeria is represented in Canada by a High Commission in Canada, which opened in Ottawa in 1973.
Nigerian Students in Canada
In 2016, Canada welcomed more than 10,000 Nigerian students. Nigeria was Canada’s most important source of international students from sub-Saharan Africa.
Trade and Investments
In 2016, Nigeria was Canada’s largest bilateral merchandise trading partner in sub-Saharan Africa, with bilateral merchandise trade totaling $1.88 billion.
In 2016, Canadian merchandise imports from Nigeria totalled $1.57 billion.
Canada’s main imports consist of mineral fuels and oils, cocoa, rubber, lead and processed foods.
In 2016, Canada’s exports to Nigeria totalled $313.5 million – making Nigeria our third largest export market in Africa.
Canada exports a wide range of products, including wheat, manufacturing equipment, software, aeronautics, and cars.
- A Double Taxation Agreement entered into force in 1999.
- A Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) was signed on May 6, 2015, in Abuja.
Development and Humanitarian Assistance
In 2015-2016, Global Affairs Canada contributed $77.1 million to Nigeria, including $47.2 million in bilateral development assistance. The Canadian development assistance for Nigeria, all channels included, reached $104.5 million in 2015-2016.
The main areas of programming for Canada’s bilateral development assistance in Nigeria are maternal, newborn and child health, the economic empowerment of women, and sustainable economic growth.
Canada is closely monitoring the humanitarian situation in Nigeria and is concerned about the plight of civilian populations affected by the Boko Haram insurgency, both in Nigeria and in neighbouring countries.
Canada remains committed to working with international partners to help respond to humanitarian needs in Nigeria as well as those of Nigerian refugees and host communities in the neighbouring countries of Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
In 2016, Canada contributed $8 million in humanitarian assistance to Nigeria.
In 2017, Canada announced a contribution of more than three times its 2016 contribution for Nigeria, reaching $28.35 million. Canada’s humanitarian assistance is helping to provide food, drinking water, hygiene, sanitation and health services, treatment for acute malnutrition and support to livelihoods for vulnerable populations, including internally displaced people and host communities.
Peace and Security
Canada is also providing security assistance in Nigeria:
- Global Partnership Program (GPP): strengthening biological security in Nigeria;
- Counter-Terrorism Capacity Building (CTCB) Program: training on investigation and interrogation techniques , and on post- explosion investigation techniques in accordance with international standards and human rights;
- Regional technical assistance: strengthening border control, criminal justice systems and the capacity of law enforcement authorities to prevent and address terrorism in the region.
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