Canada established diplomatic relations with Equatorial Guinea in 1968, when that country achieved independence. In Equatorial Guinea, Canada is represented by the Canadian High Commission in Abuja, Nigeria. Canada also has an Honorary Consulate in Bata, Equatorial Guinea. Equatorial Guinea is represented in Canada by its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York City, U.S.A.
Bilateral relations between the two countries have always been limited, but have been growing in recent years. La Francophonie has been a platform of collaboration since 1989, when French became the second national language of Equatorial Guinea.
Canada noted Equatorial Guinea’s efforts to promote socially-oriented economic development, including in the fields of education and basic infrastructure. Human rights, however, remain a core concern for Canada in Equatorial Guinea. Canada continues to encourage Equatorial Guinea to establish the rule of law, to respect due process, democratic principles and freedom of expression, and the protection of human rights defenders. Canada further encourages Equatorial Guinea to permit the return of political refugees.
Canada also urges Equatorial Guinea to cooperate with international financial institutions to ensure that economic resources obtained from oil exploitation are used to diversify the country's economy and reduce poverty. In 2012, Canadian imports from Equatorial Guinea totaled $441.4 million in merchandise trade, $441.2 million of which was in oil.
Canada is a member of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP) whose objective is to support the implementation of the Central African Forest Commission’s (COMIFAC’s) action plan for conservation and sustainable management of Congo Basin forest ecosystems. Equatorial Guinea is a member of the CBFP and the COMIFAC.
Canada contributes indirectly to the achievement of development results in Equatorial Guinea through its long-term institutional support to multilateral and global organizations. The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) may also provide timely and effective humanitarian assistance on the basis of needs and appropriate programming options.
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