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Canada-Norway Relations

As NATO allies and multilateral partners, Canada and Norway enjoy a long tradition of cooperation on regional and global security issues, reinforced by like-minded cooperation at the United Nations and related multilateral forums. In 2012, Canada and Norway will have enjoyed diplomatic relations for 70 years. 

Regional cooperation

As northern neighbours, Canada and Norway promote circumpolar cooperation at the Arctic Council, consistent with the Statement on Canada’s Arctic Foreign Policy in 2010 and Norway’s High North strategy. Both documents highlight the importance of the Arctic as a key strategic priority area in the years ahead. Norway and Canada work closely together on international marine and ocean management issues in the Arctic. The same holds true for membership in other regional bodies, particularly NATO, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO). As founding members of NATO, Canada and Norway are firmly committed to the Alliance and strong trans-atlantic relations.

Global issues

Over the years, we have co-funded several global initiatives, notably in the field of arms control and disarmament (eradication of landmines and cluster munitions), war-affected children, gender equality, human rights and nuclear waste management through the G8 Global Partnership Program, as well as maternal and child health initiatives. The two countries consult frequently on the global security agenda. 

Trade relations

On June 7, 2007, Canada and the EFTA countries announced the conclusion of free trade agreement negotiations, and on January 26, 2008, the FTA and associated Bilateral Agricultural Agreements were signed on the margins of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.  The trade and investment activities between Canada and Norway are expanding, and Norway remains one of Canada’s most important trading partners in Europe. Our common commercial interests are mainly focussed on energy and natural resources. Norway was our most important Nordic trading partner and our 10th largest partner worldwide in 2011, with Canada importing $4.3 billion worth of Norwegian goods, mainly crude oil for refining, some of which is re-exported to the United States. Canadian merchandise exports to Norway totalled $2.8 billion in 2011, led by nickel, aluminum and copper.

Academic relations, youth mobility and culture

Canada and Norway signed a Youth Mobility Memorandum of Understanding in October 2006. opening the doors for enhanced person-to-person contacts among Canadian and Norwegian youth. Academic and student mobility has increased steadily over the past years. There is a vibrant cultural cooperation between the two countries with frequent exchanges of artists, solidified by.  There is an a co-production agreement, the most famous result being the Oscar winning animation film The Danish Poet. There is increased cooperation between northern Canadians and Norwegians, with a special connection between the community of Gjoa Haven in Nunavut and the Fram Museum in Oslo;  Inuit culture and traditional knowledge acquired by Norwegian explorer Amundsen in Gjoa Haven was one of reasons for his success in reaching the South Pole in 1911.

May 2012


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Date Modified:
2012-09-21