Canada and Bolivia established diplomatic relations in 1961 when Alfred John Pick, Ambassador of Canada to Peru, was accredited in Bolivia. Since then, the Canadian Embassy in Peru and the Canadian Office of the Embassy, Program Office in Bolivia have been working to expand and strengthen political and commercial Canada-Bolivia relations, and to support Canada's development program in Bolivia.
Bolivia is landlocked and the poorest country in South America, with more than 40% of the population living in absolute poverty. The country also suffers from extreme inequity. More than 60% of Bolivians are indigenous, primarily Aymara and Quechua speaking.
On December 6, 2009 Evo Morales, Bolivia's first indigenous President, was re-elected President of Bolivia with more than 60% of the popular vote. His Movimiento al Socialismo gained at least two-thirds of the seats in both houses of the new Plurinational Assembly. Morales was first elected in December 2005 on a platform that consisted of constitutional reform, greater control over natural resources and efforts to tackle deep-rooted social, regional, and ethnic inequalities.
Bolivia is a CIDA Country of Focus. The bilateral aid programme in Bolivia, with a current budget of $15 million/year, is focused on securing a future for children and youth and the promotion of sustainable economic growth.
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