Canada and Moldova established diplomatic relations in 1992. Bilateral relations are good, and have been marked by the opening of the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova in Ottawa in December 2013. Canada is represented in Moldova through our Embassy in Bucharest.
Through its embassy in Bucharest, Canada participates in projects aimed at strengthening civil society and human rights in Moldova, supporting, for instance, Moldova’s annual International Human Rights Film Festival in Chisinau. Moldova was recently added to the Canada Fund for Local initiatives (CFLI) eligible countries list, which funds projects developed by civil society.
Moldova has implemented a three-year action plan within the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and aspires to join the European Union (EU). Moldova’s integration into the Euro-Atlantic community is in Canada’s interest as it will contribute directly to the security and stability of the region.
Canada supports the OSCE-led 5+2 talks as a means of resolving the question of Transdniestria. The 5+2 format involves three mediators (Russia, the OSCE and Ukraine), the parties (Moldova and Transdniestria) and two observers (the USA and the EU). Talks resumed in 2011 after a five-year hiatus.
In March 2012, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Robert Dechert, visited Moldova where he attended President Nicolae Timofti’s swearing-in ceremony. The visit of Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration, Natalia Gherman, in December 2013 marked the first visit of a Foreign Minister from the Republic of Moldova to Canada. Her visit coincided with the opening of the Moldovan Embassy, and the conclusion of negotiations for a Canada-Moldova Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA).
In March 2014 Minister of Foreign Affairs John Baird travelled to Moldova where he met with President Timofti, Prime Minister Iurie Leanca, and other high-level officials. Most recently, in November 2014, Moldovan Deputy Foreign Minister Iulian Groza paid a working visit to Canada. As members of La Francophonie, Canada and Moldova collaborate on various issues pertaining to the organization’s mandate.
In the fall of 2011, the Canada-Moldova Friendship Group was established in the Canadian Parliament. An estimated 40,000-50,000 Canadians of Moldovan origin live in Canada, mainly in Toronto and Montreal.
Canadian trade and investment interests in Moldova remain modest. The new Moldovan Embassy in Ottawa is attempting to boost the commercial relationship. Canadian merchandise exports to Moldova rose from $1.2 million in 2012, to $4.1 million in 2013, with nearly 75% of that comprising pork. Other top exports include paints, pharmaceuticals, and printed materials. Canadian merchandise imports from Moldova totalled $3.3 million in 2013, and comprising woven and leather goods and beverages.
The conclusion of negotiations for the bilateral Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) in December 2013 is a step towards providing greater predictability and certainty for Canadian investors considering investment opportunities in Moldova. Canada concluded a double taxation agreement with Moldova in 2002.