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Canada-Madagascar Relations

Diplomatic relations and official representation

Canada established diplomatic ties with Madagascar in 1965, five years after Madagascar gained independence. Canadian relations with Madagascar are managed from our High Commission in South Africa, with an Honorary Consulate located in Antananarivo. At present, Canadian representation is at the level of a Chargé d'affaires.

Madagascar is represented in Canada by its Embassy in Ottawa, and Consulates in Calgary, Montreal and Quebec City.

Bilateral relations

Bilateral relations between Canada and Madagascar have traditionally been warm, but were constrained following the political crisis of 2009. Since the general elections in late 2013 and the subsequent nomination of a new Prime Minister in April 2014, Canada has welcomed the formation of his new government and the progress made in Madagascar in following the road map for the restoration of democracy.

Canada continues to actively engage in efforts to promote a return to democratic rule in Madagascar, notable through La Francophonie. Canada encourages the new government to promote national reconciliation, restore democratic governance and the rule of law, and create conditions favourable to the country's economic development.

The 2013 elections have set the stage for Madagascar to move beyond the crisis, but do not themselves guarantee the return of political stability and the country’s social and economic development.


Although two-way trade remains moderate, the trade relationship is becoming increasingly important. Canada's 2013 Global Markets Action Plan identifies Madagascar as an “emerging market with specific opportunities for Canadian business.” In 2013, two-way merchandise trade between Canada and Madagascar rose to $119 million, consisting of $22 million in exports to, and $97 million in imports from, Madagascar.

Top Canadian merchandise exports to Madagascar include nuclear machinery, miscellaneous textile articles, electric machinery and equipment, and coins. Top Canadian merchandise imports from Madagascar comprise mainly of titanium ore, spices, coffee and tea, and woven apparel.

Canadian investments in the mining sector in Madagascar are significant. Madagascar also offers significant investment opportunities for Canadian investors in a variety of other sectors including oil & gas, light manufacturing and ICT.

Development Assistance

DFATD does not have a bilateral aid program in Madagascar. Madagascar may benefit from various DFATD delivery channels such as the Pan African Regional Program; Multilateral and Global Programs including International Humanitarian Assistance; the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives, and the Partnerships with Canadians Program that supports efforts of selected Canadian institutions, associations and non-governmental organizations working in developing countries.

June 2014

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