Canada - Madagascar Relations

Canada - Madagascar Relations

Diplomatic relations and official representation

Canada established diplomatic ties with Madagascar in 1965, five years after Madagascar gained independence. Canadian relations with Madagascar are managed from our High Commission to South Africa, with an Honorary Consulate located in Antananarivo.

Madagascar is represented in Canada by its Embassy in Ottawa, and Consulates in Calgary, Montreal and Quebec City.

Bilateral relations

Bilateral relations between Canada and Madagascar have traditionally been warm. Relations were constrained following the political crisis of 2009. Since the peaceful, fair and democratic general elections in late 2013, and the subsequent nomination of a new Prime Minister in April 2014, Canada has welcomed the formation of the new government and the progress made in Madagascar in following the road map for the restoration of democracy. A delegation from the Canada-Africa Parliamentary Association visited Madagascar in March 2014. Subsequently, the Minister of International Trade visited in June 2014, the first visit by a Canadian minister since the coup in 2009.

Canada continues to actively engage in efforts to promote a return to democratic rule in Madagascar, notable through La Francophonie. Canada encourages the new government to promote national reconciliation, restore democratic governance and the rule of law, and create conditions favourable to the country's economic development.


Although two-way trade remains moderate, the trade relationship is becoming increasingly important. Canada's 2013 Global Markets Action Plan identifies Madagascar as an “emerging market with specific opportunities for Canadian business”. In 2014, two-way merchandise trade between Canada and Madagascar rose to $107.3 million, consisting of $14.4 million in exports to, and $92.9 million in imports from, Madagascar.

Top Canadian merchandise exports to Madagascar include nuclear machine equipment, miscellaneous textile articles, electric machinery and equipment, and dried peas. Top Canadian merchandise imports from Madagascar comprise mainly of titanium ore, spices, vanilla beans, dried fish (other than cod), coffee, and woven apparel.

Canadian investments in the mining sector in Madagascar are significant. The joint venture project Ambatovy (in which Toronto-based Sherritt International holds 45%) is the largest investment in the country at over $9 billion. Madagascar offers significant investment opportunities for Canadian investors in a variety of other sectors including oil and gas, light manufacturing and ICT.

According to Citizenship and Immigration Canada, 222 students from Madagascar were studying in Canada in 2014.

Development Assistance

DFATD does not have a bilateral development assistance program in Madagascar, however, Madagascar may benefit from various DFATD delivery channels such as the Pan African Regional Program; the Extractives Cooperation for Enhanced Economic Development (EXCEED) Program; Multilateral and Global Programs including International Humanitarian Assistance and the Partnerships for Development Innovations Program that supports efforts of selected Canadian institutions, associations and non-governmental organizations working in developing countries. Local organizations can also apply for support from the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives.

Canadian development assistance to Madagascar in excess of $48 million (2012-2017), supports initiatives to improve nutrition, immunization and school feeding and to support capacity building for civil society organizations.

Canada supports the World Food Programme’s school feeding project ($6.4 million) providing meals to more than 214,000 children attending primary schools as well as 24,000 orphans and vulnerable children enrolled in vocational training centres. As well, through an allocation to the Emergency Disaster Assistance Fund, the Canadian Red Cross Society is contributing towards relief efforts for those affected by the January 2015 flooding.

June 2015 

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