Sudan has been plagued by conflicts since it gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1956. To assist in restoring peace to the region, the Government of Canada has for many years been helping to address the root causes of these conflicts.
Canada has actively participated in a coordinated international effort to bring a just and lasting peace to all of Sudan. The main goal of Canada's involvement has been to resolve the conflict in Darfur and to support the full implementation of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which ended the Second Sudanese Civil War.
During the January 2011 referendum on the self-determination of South Sudan, South Sudanese voted overwhelmingly in favour of independence. The Government of Sudan recognized the result of the referendum and the Republic of South Sudan became independent on July 9, 2011.
With Southern independence, the CPA reached its conclusion. The conclusion of the CPA does not mean that a just and lasting peace has been reached in Sudan and South Sudan. Both countries remain plagued by conflict, humanitarian suffering, human rights abuses, and insecurity. They continue to require international support and attention. Canada is playing an important role within this effort in pursuit of lasting peace and stability in Sudan and South Sudan.
Canada's contribution to peace efforts, humanitarian assistance, reconstruction, early recovery and international peacekeeping missions in Sudan and South Sudan has been considerable, totalling over $900 million since January 2006.
Canada is playing a leading role in the international community's efforts to find a peaceful, just and lasting solution to the underlying causes of the ongoing conflicts in Sudan and South Sudan. Canada's engagement is consistent with the Government's commitment to support Canada's values of freedom, democracy, the rule of law and human rights around the world.