Canada is represented in Chad by the Canadian Embassy in Khartoum, Sudan. Canada was represented in Chad by the Canadian High Commission in Yaoundé, Cameroon, between 1962 and 2011. Canada also has an Honorary Consulate in N’Djamena, Chad. Chad is represented in Canada by its Embassy in Washington, D.C., U.S.A., since 1975.
Bilateral relations between Canada and Chad are modest. The two countries collaborate mainly in various multilateral forums including l’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. Canada and Chad share common interests, in particular the fight against terrorism. The two countries contributed to the Africa-led International Support Mission to Mali (AFISMA).
Canada supports efforts to re-establish peace, security and political dialogue in the region. Conflicts in Sudan and the Central African Republic (CAR), as well as the humanitarian situation at the border between Chad and Sudan (Darfur region) contribute to instability in the region. In addition to the return of over 100,000 Chadians from Libya at the end of Gaddafi’s regime, Chad has accepted around 350,000 Sudanese refugees that fled conflict in Sudan and over 69,000 CAR refugees that resulted from recurrent crises in that country.
Canadian aid in Chad is mainly humanitarian in nature and is provided through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) to international agencies and multilateral organizations, including the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP). Canada has been working with partners such as the WFP to address food insecurity and malnutrition in Chad. CIDA also provides training grants to Chad through the Canadian Francophonie Grants Program. Canada finances local projects through the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives, which is managed by the Canadian Embassy in Khartoum, Sudan.
Canada is a member of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP) whose objective is to support the implementation of the Central African Forest Commission (COMIFAC) action plan for conservation and sustainable management of Congo Basin forest ecosystems. Chad is a member of the CBFP and COMIFAC.
Canada has a modest and stable trade relationship with Chad, which saw a sharp rise in 2012 due to an increase in oil imports ($114.9 million). Two-way merchandise trade reached $119.6 million in 2012, consisting of $4.3 million in exports to, and $115.2 million in total imports from, Chad. Currently, Canada has no trade agreements in place with Chad.
Chad has one of the most difficult business environments in the world, characterized by administrative red tape, deficiencies in the legal framework and judicial system, and difficulties in starting a business and accessing credit.