Canada established official diplomatic relations with the Republic of South Sudan following the latter’s independence on July 9, 2011. Responsibility for Canadian representation in South Sudan, including consular and visa matters, resides with the Canadian High Commission in Nairobi, Kenya, which has established an Office of the Embassy in Juba, South Sudan.
The new Republic of South Sudan (RoSS) faces significant challenges. In addition to the task of building a new country in a very under-developed region, South Sudan has to deal with fragmentation along political and ethnic lines, renegade militias and the return of hundreds of thousands of southerners previously living in the north. The Government of South Sudan must continue to proactively foster political reconciliation within the South to ensure stability and continued evolution towards a well-established multi-party democracy.
Canadian government representatives closely interact with Government of South Sudan officials as part of the whole -of-government approach to supporting peace and development, including through humanitarian assistance, early recovery programming, peacekeeping and peacebuilding, and diplomatic efforts to lay the foundation for sustainable development.
Canadian-funded initiatives, through its Global Peace and Security Fund, include a comprehensive prison reform project, a program that builds the capacity of the Southern Sudan Land Commission to regulate and protect land ownership and tenure, and capacity-building for the Southern Sudan Demining Authority to assume coordination of mine action for all of South Sudan.
The Canadian International Development Agency’s (CIDA) programming in South Sudan has focused on: children and youth (including Maternal, Newborn and Child Health); food security; governance; and humanitarian assistance. For more information, please visit CIDA: The Sudans and CIDA: International Humanitarian Assistance.
On the peacekeeping front, Canadian civilian police are deployed through the Canadian Police Arrangement – a partnership between Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, Public Safety, the Canadian International Development Agency, and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police – as part of the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS). UNMISS was created on July 9, 2011, to consolidate peace and security and help establish conditions for development. Canadian Forces personnel are also deployed to UNMISS.
Precise numbers for bilateral trade between Canada and the Republic of South Sudan have yet to be confirmed. Since July 9, Canada has offered trade services to Canadian companies wishing to do business in the Republic of South Sudan through the High Commission in Nairobi.