Canada established official diplomatic relations with the Republic of South Sudan following the latter’s independence on July 9, 2011. Responsibility for Canadian representation in South Sudan, including consular and visa matters, resides with the Canadian High Commission in Nairobi, Kenya, which has established an Office of the Embassy in Juba, South Sudan. South Sudan is not represented in Canada.
Canada supports regional and international mediation effort towards a peaceful and sustainable resolution of conflict in South Sudan. Security and stability in the region will be best attained through a stable, pluralistic democracy in South Sudan.
The new Republic of South Sudan (RoSS) faces significant challenges. In addition to the task of building a new country in a very under-developed region, South Sudan has to deal with fragmentation along political and ethnic lines, armed conflict, widespread food insecurity and the displacement of over 1,5 million people, internally and as refugees. The Government of South Sudan must proactively foster political reconciliation to ensure stability and continued evolution towards a well-established multi-party democracy.
Following the South Sudanese independence, Canadian government representatives have worked closely with the Government of South Sudan officials to support peace and development, including through humanitarian assistance, early recovery programming, peacekeeping and peace building, and diplomatic efforts to lay the foundation for sustainable development.
Canada has Canadian Armed Forces personnel deployed to the UN Mission in South Sudan, which was created on July 9, 2011, to consolidate peace and security and help establish conditions for development. Canada supports the mission's protection of civilian mandate.
On April 1, 2014, in response to the current crisis in South Sudan, Canada announced $24.85 million in humanitarian assistance and $51.5 million in development assistance. The humanitarian assistance will help meet emergency food, shelter, medical care, safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, and protection needs. Canadian development assistance will address short term food security and livelihood needs, which will help avert potential famine this year and reduce pressure on emergency food assistance needs. In addition, Canadian development assistance will address maternal, newborn, and child mortality and morbidity in South Sudan by delivering life-saving health services and supporting the delivery of basic health services, including to conflict-affected populations. Helping mothers and their children survive and become healthier will remain a top priority for Canada’s development programming in South Sudan. Canada also has a strong interest in continuing to advance democracy, and improve stability and accountability in South Sudan, and is exploring opportunities to support South Sudanese citizens, including women, youth, civil society and church groups, to understand and meaningfully participate in reconciliation processes.
Since July 2011 Canada has offered trade services to Canadian companies wishing to do business in the Republic of South Sudan through the High Commission in Nairobi.