Canada is part of a concerted international effort to support a just and lasting peace across Sudan and South Sudan. Canadian government representatives are in regular contact with Government of Sudan officials as part of our whole-of-government approach to supporting peace and development. Our engagement includes humanitarian assistance, early recovery programming, peacekeeping and peacebuilding, and diplomatic efforts to lay the foundation for sustainable development. Canada has an embassy in Khartoum whose staff is focused on policy issues relating to Darfur and the transitional areas, relations between Sudan and South Sudan, and human rights as well as aid programming. Responsibility for visa and immigration services for residents of Sudan is handled by the Embassy of Canada in Egypt. In Canada, the Republic of Sudan is represented by an embassy in Ottawa.
The Republic of South Sudan gained independence from the Republic of Sudan on July 9, 2011. Both Canada and Sudan officially recognized South Sudan upon independence. The fundamental challenges to peace, stability, and respect for human rights that are the focus of Canada’s engagement in Sudan and South Sudan are relatively unchanged as a result of southern independence. The negotiation of clear agreements on post-independence issues, such as citizenship, debt, border delimitation and wealth-sharing, is critical to ensure peace and stability in Sudan and South Sudan.
Canada takes every appropriate opportunity to raise its concerns for the humanitarian and security situation in Sudan as well as to promote Canada's foreign policy priorities of freedom, democracy, human rights and the rule of law. Several regions such as Darfur, South Kordofan, Blue Nile and Abyei are severely affected by ongoing conflict. It is critical that the Government of Sudan fully implement existing agreements and commit to ceasefires, the protection of civilians, and, most critically, full, safe and unhindered humanitarian access.
Canada has implemented a number of national measures against Sudan in response to the government’s role in the country’s conflicts, and in support of Canada’s policy for peace in this country. These measures include withholding commercial support services and government-to-government development cooperation. In addition, Canada has implemented in Canadian domestic law the sanctions mandated by the United Nations Security Council, including an arms embargo as well as an asset freeze and travel ban directed against designated persons.
Improved bilateral relations between Canada and Sudan are contingent on the Government of Sudan’s willingness to take steps toward maintaining a peaceful relationship with the Republic of South Sudan and its other neighbours, ending the current violence in Darfur and the transitional areas, and improving the overall human rights situation across the country.