Diplomatic relations and official representation
Diplomatic relations between Canada and Zambia were established in 1966. Canada is officially represented by the High Commission of Canada in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, but has an Office of the High Commission located in Lusaka, Zambia to provide selected services and programming.
Zambia’s High Commission to Canada is located in Ottawa.
Canada and Zambia enjoy strong bilateral relations, based on Commonwealth ties, and share common stances on a number of regional issues. Zambia has recognized that Child, Early and Forced Marriage (CEFM) is a serious issue, and is taking proactive steps to address this issue in concert with international partners, including Canada. In 2013, Canada co-led with Zambia the first-ever stand-alone resolution at the United Nations General Assembly on CEFM, which was adopted by consensus with 109 co-sponsors. Canada encourages Zambia to continue to use its influence, both bilaterally and within the Southern African Development Community (SADC), to promote regional stability. Canada provides training to 5-10 members of the Zambian Armed Forces per year, through the Military Training and Cooperation Program (MTCP). Canada also works closely with Zambia in the context of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), where Zambia is a “core country.”
Canada’s development assistance program in Zambia has focused on the health sector, where GAC Development supported the government in its goal to provide Zambians with equal access to quality health care as close to the family as possible. Initiatives included building capacity for the treatment and management of childhood diseases and targeted support for government strategies to increase and strengthen the health workforce. DFATD Development’s bilateral programming, however, ended in August 2013. The country remains eligible for Canadian development and humanitarian assistance provided through multilateral organizations and Canadian NGOs.
In April 2014, Canada announced a contribution of $3 million to support the Government of Zambia, in partnership with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), in the implementation of the local integration development program, which seeks a lasting solution for Angolan and Rwandan refugees who have opted to remain in Zambia.
Trade and Investment
Canada-Zambia economic and trade relations are dynamic, diversified and growing, with substantial Canadian investments in Zambia’s mining industry. Cumulative Canadian mining assets in Zambia are the second largest in Africa (after Madagascar), valued at $3.4 billion in 2012. Trade relations are characterized by the sustained trade of high value-added products, good performance of trade in the services sector and an expanded partnership in the natural resources sector. In 2013, two-way merchandise trade totaled $29.2 million. Top Canadian merchandise exports to Zambia included machinery, tools and cutlery. Top Canadian merchandise imports from Zambia comprised mainly machinery, other base metals, motor vehicles and parts.
In 2003, Zambia and Canada signed the Memorandum of Understanding on the Least Developed Countries Market Access Initiative. The MOU promotes investment and economic development through duty-free and quota-free access to the Canadian market for almost all exports from Zambia, thereby promoting economic growth.
On March 4, 2013, the Prime Minister announced the conclusion of negotiations of a Canada-Zambia Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement. The agreement is currently undergoing final legal review and will be signed at the earliest available opportunity.
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