Diplomatic relations between Canada and Zambia were established in 1966. Canada is officially represented by the High Commission of Canada in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, but has an Office of the High Commission located in Lusaka, Zambia to provide selected services and programming.
Zambia’s High Commission to Canada is located in Ottawa.
Canada and Zambia enjoy strong bilateral relations, based on Commonwealth ties, and share common stances on a number of regional issues. Zambia uses its influence, both bilaterally and within the Southern African Development Community (SADC), to promote regional stability (Zimbabwe, DRC, Madagascar). Canada encourages Zambia to continue to be active in this regard. Canada provides training to 5-10 members of the Zambian Armed Forces per year, through the Military Training and Cooperation Program (MTCP). Canada also works closely with Zambia in the context of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), where Zambia is a “core country”.
Canada’s development assistance program in Zambia is currently focused on the health sector, where CIDA supports the government in its goal to provide Zambians with equal access to quality health care as close to the family as possible. Initiatives include building capacity for the treatment and management of childhood diseases and targeted support for government strategies to increase and strengthen the health workforce. CIDA’s bilateral programming, however, will end by 2014. Assistance to Zambia provided through multilateral organisations and Canadian civil society organisations operating in Zambia will not be affected.
Canada-Zambia economic and trade relations are dynamic, diversified and growing. Cumulative Canadian mining investments in Zambia are substantial, having reached $6.3 billion in 2011. Trade relations are characterized by the sustained trade of high value-added products, good performance of trade in the services sector and an expanded partnership in the natural resources sector. According to Statistics Canada, two-way merchandise trade between Canada and Zambia totalled slightly over $34 million in 2011, with Canadian exports worth $32.72 million and imports equal to $1.4 million. Canada’s top exports to Zambia in 2011 consisted of vehicles, machinery, tools, railway products, and iron and steel products. Canada’s top imports from Zambia comprised machinery, vehicles, rubber, iron and steel products.
In 2003, Zambia and Canada signed the Memorandum of Understanding on the Least Developed Countries Market Access Initiative. The MOU promotes investment and economic development through duty-free and quota-free access to the Canadian market for almost all exports from Zambia, thereby promoting economic growth.
Canada and Zambia are currently in the process of negotiating a Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement.
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