Canada - Tanzania Relations

Diplomatic Relations and Official Representation

Canada established diplomatic relations with Tanzania (then Tanganyika) in 1961 following its independence.

In Tanzania, Canada is represented by the Canadian High Commission in Dar es Salaam. The Canadian High Commission in Dar es Salaam is also accredited to the Republic of Zambia, the Union of Comoros and the Republic of Seychelles. Tanzania is represented in Canada by a High Commission in Ottawa.

Bilateral Relations

On October 25, 2015, President John Magufuli won his first five year term in office extending the reign of the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) political party, which has been in power since 1961. The next general election will take place in 2020.

Canada values the stabilizing role Tanzania plays through its active involvement in the African Union and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Tanzania also plays a positive role in the Great Lakes Region, hosting the East African Community as well as the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunal in Arusha, after having hosted the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda throughout its tenure in Arusha as well.

Tanzania contributes more than 2000 personnel to seven UN peacekeeping missions, including to Darfur under the AU/UN Operation (UNAMID). Its largest deployment is to MONUSCO in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) where it contributes troops, and previously commanded, the mission’s Force Intervention Brigade, mandated to neutralize armed groups in eastern DRC. Tanzania currently ranks 13 out 124 troop contributing countries to UN missions.

Since the 1960s, Canada has supported training for Tanzania’s armed forces.  To date, over 850 officers have been trained through the Military Training and Cooperation Program. In 2014, Canada contributed $1.3 million to build the new Tanzanian Peacekeeping Training Center in Dar es Salaam.

Development Assistance

Tanzania is one of the largest recipients of Canada's development assistance. Canada’s support aims to advance the Government of Tanzania’s development priorities, notably in health, education and private sector development. Canada is among the largest bilateral donors in the health sector, including significant support in maternal, newborn and child health. Canada is a strong supporter of sustainable economic growth with a particular emphasis on the extractive industries, which includes support to the Tanzania Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative and the Tanzania Minerals Audit Agency.

Tanzania has been a "country of focus" for Canada’s development programming since 2009. In 2013/14, Canada’s international assistance to Tanzania through all channels totalled $180 million. Canada has contributed more than $1 billion in development assistance to Tanzania since its independence.


Tanzania is of growing importance to Canadian companies: Canadian mining companies are among the largest foreign investors in Tanzania. Due to issues of commercial confidentiality, official Canadian direct investment figures for Tanzania are not available. A bilateral Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) came into force in December 2013.

Tanzania has been identified as a priority market for Canadian businesses. Business opportunities for Canadian companies exist in power, renewable energy, mining, and the emerging oil and gas sector; particularly the latter, with Tanzania reporting proven natural gas reserves in excess of 55 trillion cubic feet.

Two-way merchandise trade reached $116.7 million in 2014, consisting of $73.2 million in exports to, and approximately $43.5 million in imports from Tanzania. In the framework of Canada’s Market Access Initiative for Least Developed Countries, Tanzania has duty-free access to the Canadian market for almost all commodities.

Canada is a strong advocate for corporate social responsibility (CSR) in Tanzania, having sponsored CSR conferences with strong participation from the Tanzanian Government, the business community and civil society organizations.

November 2015

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