Canada - Tanzania Relations

Diplomatic Relations and Official Representation

Canada established diplomatic relations with Tanzania (then Tanganyika) in 1961 following its independence.

In Tanzania, Canada is represented by the Canadian High Commission in Dar es Salaam. The Canadian High Commission in Dar es Salaam is also accredited to the Republic of Zambia, the Union of Comoros and the Republic of Seychelles. Tanzania is represented in Canada by a High Commission in Ottawa.

Bilateral Relations

Canada and Tanzania are cooperating on key strategic partnerships, including Canada’s G7 Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (MNCH) and the Canada-Tanzania G7 Partnership on Extractive Sector Transparency.

President Jakaya Kikwete of the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) political party, which has been in power since independence, won a second five-year term in office in 2010. The next general election will take place in 2015.

Canada values the stabilizing role Tanzania plays through its active involvement in the African Union and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Tanzania plays a positive role in the Great Lakes Region, hosts the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda hosts theEast African Community in Arusha.

Tanzania contributes more than 2000 personnel to six UN peacekeeping missions, including to Darfur under the AU/UN Operation (UNAMID). On March 28, 2013 the UN Security Council unanimously approved the creation of an intervention brigade within MONUSCO to conduct “targeted offensive operations” against rebels in eastern DRC. Tanzania commands this brigade.

Since the 1960s, Canada has supported training for Tanzania’s armed forces.  To date, over 850 officers have been trained through the Military Training and Cooperation Program. Canada contributed $1.3 million to build the new Tanzanian Peacekeeping Training Center in Dar es Salaam. The Center was inaugurated by Minister Ed Fast in June 2014.

Development Assistance

For the past three years, Tanzania has been one of the largest recipient of Canada's development assistance. Canada’s support aims to advance the Government of Tanzania’s development priorities notably in health, education and private sector development. Canada is among the largest bilateral donors in the health sector, including significant support in maternal and child health. Canada is a strong supporter of sustainable economic growth with a particular emphasis on the extractive industries, which includes support to the Tanzania Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative and the Tanzania Minerals Audit Agency.

Tanzania has been a "country of focus" for Canada’s development programming since 2009. In 2013/14, Canada’s development assistance through all channels totalled $179 million dollars (including multilateral and debt relief). Through partnership programming with Canadian organizations, Canada invested approximately $13.6 million in 2013/14 for a range of projects in community development, agriculture, education, health, governance, microfinance and economic growth. Canada has contributed more than $1 billion in development assistance to Tanzania since its independence.


Tanzania is of growing importance to Canadian companies: Canadian mining companies are among the largest foreign investors in Tanzania. Due to issues of commercial confidentiality, official Canadian direct investment figures for Tanzania are not available. However, according to Natural Resources Canada, there were 15 Canadian mining companies active in Tanzania in 2013, with cumulative mining assets amounting to $1.75 billion. A bilateral Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) came into force in December 2013.

Tanzania has been identified as an emerging market with specific opportunities in infrastructure and transportation for Canadian businesses in the Global Markets Action Plan. Business opportunities for Canadian companies exist in the emerging oil and gas sector, particularly the latter, with proven natural gas reserves in excess of 55 trillion cubic feet.

Two-way merchandise trade reached $116.7 million in 2014, consisting of $73.2 million in exports to, and approximately $43.5 million in imports from, Tanzania. In the framework of Canada’s Market Access Initiative for Least Developed Countries, Tanzania has duty-free access to the Canadian market for almost all commodities.

Canada is a strong advocate for corporate social responsibility (CSR) in Tanzania, having sponsored CSR conferences with strong participation from the Tanzanian Government, the business community and civil society organizations.

July 2015

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