Canada’s relations with the Kingdom of Cambodia are managed by the Embassy of Canada in Bangkok. Consular services for Canadians in Cambodia are available through the Embassy of Australia, by virtue of the Canada-Australia Consular Services Sharing Agreement. Cambodia’s representation in Canada is managed by the Cambodian mission to the United Nations in New York City, U.S.A.
Canada bilateral relationship with Cambodia have spanned many decades, dating back to the Indochina conflict when Canada participated in the International Control and Supervision Commission established in 1953. Canada is also a signatory party to the Paris Peace Accord of 1991 which ended decades of conflict. Canada-Cambodia relations encompass the full range of political, economic, development, and regional security issues, and a promising commercial relations program.
Canada’s trade relationship with Cambodia includes commerce across a variety of sectors. Cambodia also benefits from Canada’s Market Access Initiative for Least Developed Countries, which allows qualifying states quota-free and duty-free access to the Canadian market. In 2013, bilateral merchandise trade between Canada and Cambodia exceeded $700 million, with Canada ranking as one of Cambodia’s most important destination countries for its exports.
Canada-Cambodia relations have matured with closer cooperation on a variety of issues, such as strengthening democracy, promoting human rights and the rule of law, development cooperation in sustainable economic growth (including landmine clearance and land administration), food security, and global and regional security. This cooperation has been particularly productive in areas such as the international effort to ban antipersonnel mines, and the training of border officials in interview techniques and detecting document fraud. Ongoing challenges include addressing issues of human rights, corruption, and the trafficking and exploitation of women and children in Cambodia.
Canada has been a contributor to the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), also known as the Khmer Rouge Tribunals. Canada provided initial funding of $2 million in 2005 and an additional funding contribution of approximately $900,000 in 2009 to the international side of the court.
In addition to our strong bilateral ties, Canada and Cambodia are also partners in multilateral organizations. Canada is a Dialogue Partner of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Canada and Cambodia cooperate in a number of other multilateral organizations, such as the ASEAN Regional Forum, and the World Trade Organization (WTO). We also share a common cultural connection as members of La Francophonie, working together to promote linguistic diversity.
Canadian non-governmental organizations are actively working with Cambodian civil society groups to promote development. Canadians have established income-generation projects, set up businesses that offer sustainable employment, worked with the Cambodian government, and established organizations to help protect and promote human rights in Cambodia. These people-to-people links are enhanced by the more than 20,000 Canadians of Cambodian origin, the increasing number of Canadian visitors to Cambodia, and Cambodian students who come to Canada to study.
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