The Embassy of Canada in Ankara, Turkey, is accredited to the Republic of Azerbaijan. Canada recognized the independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan in December 1991, and diplomatic relations between the countries were established in August 1992. In 2004, Azerbaijan opened an Embassy in Ottawa.
Canada and Azerbaijan’s common membership in multilateral institutions, including the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the United Nations (UN) and its agencies, facilitates cooperation on issues of mutual concern.
As part of the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives, Canada has supported civil society development, including human rights (with a focus on women’s and children’s rights) and democratic development in Azerbaijan.
A small but growing number of Azerbaijani students are undertaking undergraduate studies at Canadian universities supported by an Azerbaijani state fund. Cultural ties between Canada and Azerbaijan have also been growing. There have been numerous events in the past several years, including concerts, theatre performances, and a recent film festival held in Montreal based around Azerbaijani life and culture.
Former-Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Lawrence Cannon met with Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Elmar Mammadyarov, on the sidelines of the 65th UN General Assembly in September 2010 to discuss bilateral relations between the two countries. In May 2012 a delegation of the New Azerbaijan Party visited Canada, and in April 2013 a Canadian parliamentary delegation led by the Chair of the Canada-Azerbaijan Inter-Parliamentary Friendship Group, MP Barry Devolin, visited Azerbaijan.
Military and Defense Cooperation
Azerbaijan is a troop-contributing nation to the International Security Assistance Forces (ISAF) mission in Afghanistan, and receives counter-terrorism support from Interpol, UNODC and the World Bank. Canada also provides funding to Azerbaijan through its Counter-Terrorism Capacity Building Program.
Trade and Investment
Economic relations between Canada and Azerbaijan remain modest. In 2013, Canadian imports fell by over 50 percent to $465.29 million from over $1.23 billion the previous year. However, in 2014 Canadian imports rose marginally to $473.07 million. Merchandise exports to Azerbaijan rose to $41.08 million in 2013 from $31.46 million in 2013, the majority being machinery and turbine products.
In September 2014 a trade mission organized by Export Quebec in collaboration with the Canada Eurasia Russia Business Association (CERBA) visited Baku. The trade mission consisted of Canadian companies working in the areas of oil and gas, natural resources, engineering, construction, IT, engine production and agriculture.
Canada and Azerbaijan signed the Canada-Azerbaijan Income Tax Convention on 7 September 2004 in Baku.
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