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Consular Services for Canadians

Table of Content


Before You Go

Visa Requirements for Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan:

*Turkey
*Georgia
*Azerbaijan
*Turkmenistan

How to Apply for a Turkish Residency Permit:

How to Get a Residence Permit?

If you are planning to stay in Turkey for more than 90 days within a 180-day period you must get a Turkish residence permit.  In order to obtain a residence permit, please schedule an online appointment at e-ikamet.goc.gov.tr before you contact Provincial Directorates of Migration Management Office in your area. The Embassy of Canada strongly urges Canadian Citizens not to overstay their visas and to maintain valid residence permits at all times.  Turkish authorities do enforce the laws, including those stipulating fines, deportation, and bans on future travel to Turkey for people who overstay their visas or do not maintain valid residency permits.

Residence permits are available through Ankara Provincial Directorates of Migration Management Office located at Hoşdere Cad. No:144 Çankaya, Ankara, or at local Provincial Directorates of Migration Management Office throughout Turkey.  Instructions and application forms are available on the Directorate of General of Migration Management (DGMM) website.

Canadian citizens who have overstayed their visas, residence permits, or visa exempt periods and are subject to a fine can also benefit from the residence permit procedure as long as they pay the related fines.

As of May 18, 2015, Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM) started issuing residency permits through Provincial Directorates of Migration Management Offices in 81 provinces of Turkey. Online appointments can be made for e-residency applications at e-ikamet.goc.gov.tr for first time applicants and for those transferring between residency permits; and application for extensions for those who will renew their residence permit without changing the type of the current residence permit.

Further announcements on the Turkish residence permits can be found at http://www.goc.gov.tr/icerik/announcements_914_1016.

Canadian citizens who enter Turkey with a tourist visa obtained at a Turkish Embassy or Consulate or who buy a tourist visa stamp at an airport or other port of entry or who are exempt from getting tourist visas, and who wish to stay in Turkey for tourism purposes longer than 90 days, are able to get a tourist residence permit for a maximum period of six months by scheduling an online appointment for e-residency applications at e-ikamet.goc.gov.tr for Provincial Directorates of Migration Management Offices.  The six month residence permit plus the 90-day initial entry permit will allow Canadian citizens to stay legally in Turkey for up to a total of 9 months.

Applications for residence permits should be made within 30 days of arrival in Turkey.  More information can be found at the Directorate of General of Migration Management (DGMM) website. We strongly recommend that you not overstay your visa or residence permit.  If you stay beyond the date your visa or residence permit expires, even if only for a few days, you will be fined at the port of exit and will be subject to a travel ban preventing you from re-entering Turkey for a period between three months and five years (depending on the length of your overstay).  Monthly fines for overstaying Turkish visas or residency permits add up quickly. Travelers are encouraged to check with local authorities to ensure compliance with all Turkish immigration regulations.

1. Short-Term Residence Permit for Foreigners

For a short-term residence permit, which is issued for a period of one year at most, foreigners who own immovable property in Turkey or will establish a business or commercial connections in Turkey should submit the following documents to the relevant Provincial Directorate of Immigration Administration:

1.1. Initial Application

  • Residence permit application form
  • The original and a copy of the passport or travel document
  • Four passport-size photographs
  • Declaration regarding sufficient and sustainable financial resources for the duration of the stay (Stated in the application form. The authority may request supporting documents.)
  • Official document regarding the applicant’s ownership of the residence
  • Valid medical insurance (one of the following shall be sufficient):
  • Document facilitating health services in Turkey within the scope of bilateral social security agreements
  • Provision document issued by the Social Security Institution
  • Document regarding the application made to the Social Security Institution to be covered by the general health insurance
  • Private health insurance

1.2. Application for Extension

  • Residence permit application form
  • The original and a copy of the passport or travel document
  • Two passport-size photographs
  • Declaration regarding sufficient and sustainable financial resources for the duration of the stay (Stated in the application form. The authority may request supporting documents.)
  • Official document regarding the applicant’s ownership of the residence
  • Submission of the previous residence permit document
  • An invitation letter or documents of such written by the person or companies to be contacted upon the authority’s request
  • Valid medical insurance (one of the following shall be sufficient):
    • Document facilitating health services in Turkey within the scope of bilateral social security agreements
    • Provision document issued by the Social Security Institution
    • Private health insurance including the extension period

2. Long-Term Residence Permit for Foreigners

For a long-term residence permit, foreigners that have continuously resided in Turkey for at least eight years should submit the following documents to the relevant Provincial Directorate of Migration Administration:

  • Residence permit application form
  • The original and a copy of the passport or travel document
  • Submission of the previous residence permit document
  • Two passport-size photographs
  • The document showing that the applicant has not received any social aid from governmental institutions and organizations in the last three years
  • Declaration regarding sufficient and sustainable financial resources for the duration of the stay
  • Police record document
  • Valid medical insurance (one of the following shall be sufficient):
    • Document facilitating health services in Turkey within the scope of bilateral social security agreements
    • Provision document issued by the Social Security Institution
    • Document regarding the application made to the Social Security Institution to be covered by the general health insurance
    • Private health insurance
  • Document showing that the applicant is registered with the Address Registry System

2.2. Application for Extension

It is issued indefinitely and is not extended.

For detailed information about residence permits, please visit: www.goc.gov.tr.

Overstaying your visa is taken seriously by the Turkish Authorities.  If you overstay your visa, you will be fined upon departure.  Fines vary according to the length of time you have overstayed.   If you have overstayed and you are fined, you must apply for your next visa at a Turkish Embassy or Consulate overseas before you travel. You may also be banned from re-entering Turkey for a period of time as follows:

  • Overstay 1-15 days: No ban.
  • Overstay from 16-90 days: banned for up to three months.
  • Overstay for more than 90 days i.e. from the 91st day: banned for up to six months.

Visiting Turkey on a cruise ship: visa required?

While you do need to have a passport when traveling overseas, special arrangements are made by the large cruise lines to facilitate their passengers’ shore excursions.  These special arrangements eliminate the potential for loss or theft of passengers’ passports while shopping and touring, and eliminate the need for passengers to obtain individual visitor visas from Turkey.  Canadian citizens do typically need an e-visa to enter Turkey, but cruise ship passengers are permitted to come ashore without a visa for day visits by special arrangements.

In short, you may visit Turkey on the day trip from your cruise ship without being in possession of your passport.  You may, however, want to carry a photocopy of your passport with you when your passport is being kept for safekeeping by the cruise lines.

Where can I find more information about residence permits?

First time application in 3 Steps Brochure

Application for extension

More documents on e-residency application

Safe Travel Publications

Safe Travel Publications

General Services During Your Stay

Services for Canadians:

*Passport Services

Instructions for an Adult Abroad General Passport Application

Ensuring that your application is completed as thoroughly as possible will help us process it without delay. Incomplete applications will not be processed and will be returned.

Step 1: Download, complete, print, date and sign:

Adult Abroad General Passport Application* PPTC040 (PDF, 587 KB).

Ensure you sign the completed application on all pages and that your signature is within the green box on page 1.

References:

  • Must have known you for at least two years;
  • Cannot be related to you (this includes in-laws and partners);
  • May reside in any country and be of any nationality.

Ensure your guarantor is acceptable.

Prior to your guarantor witnessing and dating your application, you should have completed all of the forms, as well as signed and dated each page.

If you do not have a guarantor, include a completed Statutory Declaration in Lieu of Guarantor form, which can be obtained by sending an email to: ANKRA-CS@international.gc.ca.

Step 2: Gather supporting documents:

Include a proof of Canadian citizenship:

  • Your original Canadian birth certificate or;
  • Your original Canadian citizenship certificate (it must show your date of birth).

Include at least one supporting document (please see below section called Supporting Documents) to confirm your identity:

  • A piece of valid ID other than your previous passport or proof of citizenship.

Include two identical photographs taken within six months:

Important: it is highly recommended that you closely examine your photos prior to submitting your application to ensure that the passport photo specifications have been met.

Include your last Canadian passport (regardless of expiry date).

Additional information on how to complete the application form can be found in the General Information and Instructions that accompany the passport application form.

Supporting Documents

All adult applications require at least one piece of identification to support the identity and the name to appear in the new passport. The supporting document confirms that you are currently using the application name and signature in your everyday life. Please note that the supporting identification is required in addition to the original (photocopies not accepted) Canadian birth certificate or Canadian citizenship card, last Canadian passport and (when applicable) the marriage certificate.

Photocopies may be used for the supporting documents provided they are signed by your guarantor and the details are clearly visible.  A combination of documents may be used to meet the supporting identity requisites. To be accepted, the identity documents must contain all of the following elements:

  • Name
  • Date of birth
  • Sex
  • Photo
  • Signature

A photocopy of the passport (valid or expired within the last year) is not accepted as the passport has to be included with the application for cancellation.

Please note that a Canadian birth certificate, a Canadian Citizenship Card or a marriage certificate is not acceptable as supporting document. A supporting document confirms that you are currently using the application name and signature in your everyday life.

Examples of acceptable supporting documents bearing your name and signature:

  • Valid passport of another country
  • Valid driving license
  • Valid Health Card

Checklist

When…Submit at least…
When you include your valid Canadian
passport, or your Canadian passport
that has expired within the past year
1 document (the Canadian passport)
When your latest Canadian passport
has expired more than one year ago
1 document (in addition to the expired passport)
When you are requesting a passport
in your married name for the first time
1 document (in your married name)
When you are applying for your 1st
Canadian passport
2 documents
When you have changed your surname2 documents (in your new surname)

Step 3: Include payment:

Please consult the Fees page for more details.

Step 4: Submit your application:

In person, at the counter: Please consult the Hours of Operation page for information about our opening hours and bank holiday closures.

Processing Time

Please consult the Passports home page for up-to-date information about processing times.

Instructions for Adult Abroad Simplified Renewal Passport Application

If you already have an adult passport, you may be able to renew it. Renewing a passport is simpler than applying for a new one. Answer a few questions or read the eligibility requirements to find out if you can renew your passport.

If you are eligible for Adult Simplified Renewal, please use that form if and only if:

  • your current Canadian passport was issued for five years;
  • your current passport has never been reported lost or stolen;
  • your current passport is not damaged;
  • your current passport has not yet expired (still valid or expired for no more than one year); and
  • your name on the application form is exactly as it appears on page 2 of your most recent passport.

If you meet all the criteria above, please fill out the form: Adult Simplified Renewal Passport Application form (PPTC 482) (PDF, 416.61 KB).

Also,

  • please ensure that the signature in question one is in the middle of the signature block reserved for this purpose;
  • please fill out the form completely;
  • please provide your most recent passport (still valid or expired for no more than one year)
  • please provide two passport-size photographs (the name and the complete address of the photographer and the date the photos was taken must be included on the back of one of the photos. Read the full requirements for more information).
  • please provide the names of two references who are not your relatives (these can be from any part of the world, and can include friends, neighbours, acquaintances, colleagues, but not relatives.)
  • cash or credit card authorization for 190CAD (or TL equivalent at the time of the submission for 5-year passports and 260CAD (or TL equivalent at the time of the submission) for 10-year passports.

If you are not eligible for simplified renewal, please fill out the form: Adult General Passport Application form (PPTC 040) (PDF, 421.92 KB). In addition to providing this completed form, please also provide the following:

  • your most recent Canadian passport (valid or expired);
  • your Canadian citizenship card or birth certificate;
  • two passport photos;
  • cash or credit card authorization for 190CAD (or TL equivalent at the time of the submission) for 5-year passports and 260CAD (or TL equivalent at the time of the submission) for 10-year passports;
  • an additional government-issued ID card which is valid and bears your signature;
  • if you do not have a guarantor, then you will have to submit a completed Statutory Declaration in Lieu of Guarantor form which has an additional cost of 50CAD (or TL equivalent at the time of the submission).

You need to bring the originals of these documents. Any document which is in neither of Canada’s official languages must be accompanied by an official translation.

We will collect cash or credit card for passport services in the amount of 190CAD (or TL equivalent at the time of the submission) for 5-year passports and 260CAD (or TL equivalent at the time of the submission for 10-year passports. If you pay by credit card, you will need to complete a Credit Card Authorization form, to give permission to the Government of Canada to charge your credit card for your passport application. A service fee will be added to all credit card transactions at Government of Canada offices abroad (of $1.50 per $50 increment). This fee is charged by the payment service provider.

Processing Time

Please consult the Passports home page for up-to-date information about processing times.

Instructions for a Child Abroad General Passport Application

Child applications can only be made in person together with at least one of the child’s parents. 

Ensuring that your application is completed as thoroughly as possible will help us process it without delay. Incomplete applications will not be processed and will be returned.

Please note that:

Both parents are required to participate in obtaining a passport for their child and to sign the application form. We recommend the parents submit a proof of ID along with the application as it required during the process.

Who may apply for a child's passport?

  • One of the child's parents
  • The custodial parent in cases of separation or divorce
  • The legal guardian

In the case of custody, separation or divorce:

  • All legal documents that refer to custody, the mobility of, or access to the child must be provided
  • If a divorce has been granted, a copy of the divorce judgment or order must also be provided
  • Where a joint custody provision exists, either parent may apply, but both parents must sign the application

If the child is 11 years or older:

The child is required to sign in the signature box on the first page of the application form

Step 1: Download, complete, print, date and sign:

Child Abroad General Passport Application* PPTC042 (PDF, 555 KB).

Ensure the completed application is signed on all pages. If the child is over 11, they must sign within the green box on page 1. Otherwise, leave this box blank.

Ensure your guarantor is acceptable.

Please note that if one of the child’s parents holds a valid Canadian Passport, they are able to act as the guarantor as follows:

  • The Canadian parent completes the ‘Other parent or legal guardian’ section (page 1, section 2), as well as the ‘Declaration of Guarantor’ section (page 2, section 6) using their Canadian Passport information.
  • The other parent, Canadian or not, fills out the ‘Applicant (parent or legal guardian)’ section (page 1, section 2), as well as the ‘Declaration of Applicant’ section (page 2, section 5).

Prior to your guarantor witnessing and dating your application, you should have completed all of the forms, as well as signed and dated each page.

If you do not have a guarantor, please include a completed Statutory Declaration in Lieu of Guarantor form, which can be obtained by sending an email to: ANKRA-CS@international.gc.ca

Step 2: Gather supporting documents:

Please include:

A proof of Canadian citizenship:

  • Your child’s original Canadian birth certificate or;
  • Your child’s original Canadian citizenship certificate (it must show their date of birth).

The child’s original long form birth certificate (showing names of both parents).

Two identical photographs taken within six months:

Important: it is highly recommended that you closely examine your photos prior to submitting your application to ensure that the passport photo specifications have been met.

The last Canadian passport (regardless of expiry date).

For a first time child passport application, please include a copy of both parents’ ID.

Additional information on how to complete the application form can be found in the General Information and Instructions that accompany the passport application form.

Step 3: Include payment:

Please consult the Fees page for more details.

Step 4: Submit your application, choose one of the following:

In person, at the counter:

Please consult the Hours of Operation page for information about our opening hours and bank holiday closures.

Processing Time

Please consult the Passports home page for up-to-date information about processing times.

Lost/Stolen Passports

Replacing a lost or stolen passport

A replacement passport may be authorized if all requirements are met. These include the submission of:

  1. A completed application form, signed by the guarantor:
  2. Two identical passport photos, one of which is signed by the guarantor;
  3. An accepted proof of Canadian citizenship; and
  4. A document to support your identity;
  5. The appropriate fee (passport fee + replacement fee); and
  6. A complete Declaration concerning a lost, stolen, inaccessible, damaged or found Canadian travel document (PDF, 24.39 KB) [PPTC 203, PDF, 150 KB].

Canadians abroad (outside of Canada and the United States) can apply at the nearest Government of Canada office abroad.

Before the passport can be replaced, Canadian authorities will conduct an investigation into the circumstances of the loss or theft. This may lead to delays in processing the replacement passport.

FAQs-Passport

I have a valid passport. When can I apply for a new passport?

You can apply for a new passport up to 12 months before your current passport expires. Please note that if you apply for a new passport before your current passport expires, the unused validity period of your current passport will not be transferred to your new passport.

Can the validity of my passport be extended?

As of February 1, 2010, extensions of passports are not permitted.  Holders of a limited validity passport wishing to obtain a full validity passport will need to submit a new application with all the normal requirements.

Can I add more pages to my passport?

It is no longer possible to add pages to Canadian passports. An applicant who has a valid passport in which the visa pages have become filled with visas or entry-exit stamps, must apply for a new passport.

I have got married in Turkey. Can I add a married name in my current passport?

No. We cannot add your married name in your current passport. You will have to apply for a new passport in your married name.  Please submit your marriage certificate, and two pieces of supporting documents in your married name along with the regular passport application, to have your passport issued in your married name.

Do I need to give written authorization for my representative to submit an application?

We strongly encourage you to apply for and receive your passport in person. Should you need to use a third party to apply for and/or receive your passport on your behalf, only the following people are permitted to do together with a letter signed by you authorizing them to do so:

  • a. your spouse or common-law partner;
  • b. your relative, but only if this relative lives at your address;
  • c. a relative of your spouse or common-law partner, but only if this relative lives at your address;
  • d. your child or parent;
  • e. a child or parent of your spouse or common-law partner;
  • f. the spouse or common-law partner of a person specified in (d) or (e).

In all cases, the person submitting the application must be at least 16 years of age, and the Embassy or Consulate must be satisfied that this person meets one of the criteria above; proof of address or relationship will be required (e.g. electric, water or telephone bill indicating same address, identity documents showing same last name, etc.).

How can I apply for a passport if I do not have an eligible guarantor?

A guarantor is required for each passport application whether it is your first application or whether you have previously been issued a Canadian passport. The guarantor is a vital component of your application process as they certify the information on your application is true as well as verify your likeness on the photograph to be placed in the new passport. Essentially, the guarantor is a requirement, not an option.

However, if you have not lived in Turkey for a minimum period of two years, it is reasonable that you will not be able to find a guarantor in the jurisdiction who will have known you for at least two years. As such, please  contact the Embassy of Canada in Ankara or Consulate General in Istanbul to obtain the PPTC 132 form, “Statutory Declaration in Lieu of a Guarantor.” This form cannot be downloaded from the internet and must be submitted in original format.

The statutory declaration form has an additional cost of 50CAD (or Turkish Lira equivalent).

The PPTC132 Statutory Declaration in Lieu of a Guarantor requires substantial background information. You are advised to fully complete the form before presenting your documents to our office but do not sign the form until you read the oath in front of the consular officer . In addition to your personal details, you will need to provide your residential addresses for the past 5 years, where you have been working or studying for the past 5 years, and also supply the names of two people who have known you for two years or more and are not your relatives to act as references. Your two references do not need to reside in Turkey but must be available by phone to verify your details. We are required to check both references before a new passport can be issued to you. The references provided on the PPTC132 form should not be the same as those provided on Page 3 of the adult passport application form.

How long does it take to process my passport application?

Passport applications are processed according to the Passport Office standard of 20 working days. There is no standard expedited service available outside of Canada. Emergency cases are assessed on a case-by-case basis.

If you are requesting emergency rush processing of your application, please present your fully completed application to our office in person and provide full details of your case. Please note we cannot assess your circumstances without examining your application and supporting documentation.

Can I request rush processing of my passport application?

The Embassy of Canada in Ankara is not permitted to charge a fee for rush processing and is unable to expedite the issuance of a passport.

If you have a genuine emergency, please present your fully completed application to our office in person and provide full details of your case. Please note we cannot assess your circumstances without examining your application and supporting documentation. We will only consider emergency services on a case-by-case basis.

Can I travel to Canada using my Canadian citizenship card and a passport issued from another country (ex. Turkish passport)?

No. Most airlines will not carry a passenger who only presents a passport from a country which normally requires a Canadian visa to facilitate entry to Canada.  A passport is the only reliable and universally accepted identification document.  It proves that you have a right to return to Canada.  Further information on Returning to Canada is available on the Travel website.

Where can I have my photos taken?

The Embassy of Canada in Ankara does not designate or appoint any photographer to produce Canadian passport photographs. Passport photos are available at most photo studios inTurkey. Please present our photo specifications to the photographer and request that they produce photographs that meet the size and quality as noted.

Please do not approach a photographer and ask for “Canadian passport photos” as photo studios may not be familiar with “Canadian passport photos” as such. However, if they are presented with the actual photo specifications, most often, they will be able to meet our requirements.

Please note that photos which do not meet our specifications are not acceptable. Photos subject to premature fading or are sensitive to heat, i.e. most instant photos from instant photo booths, will be rejected. Group photos will be rejected.

My passport was lost/stolen. What do I do?

Inform the local police, and get a police report (if possible), then contact our office to report your passport lost/stolen. Once it is reported lost, apply for a new passport. The holder must complete both the full application form and include form PPTC 203 (Declaration concerning a lost, stolen, inaccessible, damaged or found Canadian travel document).

If you are a visitor to Turkey and need to return home urgently, please contact our office for advice and assistance.

I recently lost my passport and I informed Passport Canada. Fortunately, I just found it. Can I still use it to travel?

No. Once Passport Canada is informed a passport is no longer in the holder's possession (due to loss, theft, or inaccessibility), the passport is cancelled and can no longer be used for travel. Canadian passports are the property of the Government of Canada and passports found after the fact must be returned to the office responsible for the area/territory or to Passport Canada.

How can I replace a damaged passport?

If you have damaged or destroyed your Canadian passport, please submit what remains of your passport along with a fully completed passport application (including supporting documentation and fees) to our office to process a replacement. You must include the form, PPTC 203 Statutory Declaration (PDF Version) Concerning a Lost, Stolen, Damaged, Destroyed, or Inaccessible Passport or Travel Document.

Will I be allowed to keep my damaged or destroyed passport?

No. The damaged or destroyed passport must be surrendered to the Embassy of Canada in Ankara.

Can I send someone to collect the passport on my behalf?

We strongly encourage you to receive your passport in person. Should you need to use a third party to receive your passport on your behalf, only the following people are permitted to do together with a letter signed by you authorizing them to do so:

  • a. your spouse or common-law partner;
  • b. your relative, but only if this relative lives at your address;
  • c. a relative of your spouse or common-law partner, but only if this relative lives at your address;
  • d. your child or parent;
  • e. a child or parent of your spouse or common-law partner;
  • f. the spouse or common-law partner of a person specified in (d) or (e).

In all cases, the person submitting the application must be at least 16 years of age, and the Embassy or Consulate must be satisfied that this person meets one of the criteria above; proof of address or relationship will be required (e.g. electric, water or telephone bill indicating same address, identity documents showing same last name, etc.).

Can I have my new passport sent to a Canadian mission in another country for me to collect there?

No. If you cannot collect your passport from our office within 60 days after you have been notified,it will be sent back to Canada. Please contact our office to advise when you will be able to pick up the new passport. We will make arrangements to retain the passport in our office for a reasonable period of time to meet your needs.

Can I still use the valid visas in my cancelled passport?

Only the visa issuing authority can determine the validity of a visa in a cancelled passport. We would advise the bearer of the passport to contact the relevant foreign issuing authority for more information.  Please be advised that visas are the sole responsibility of the passport bearer.

Am I able to travel using my expired passport?

Passports are only valid for travel before the expiry date. Once a passport has expired, you cannot use it. For your own convenience, please ensure your current passport is valid before you book your tickets for travel. Note that some countries require at least six months validity on a passport. Applications submitted to our office require 20 working days to process.

Am I able to travel using my Canadian citizenship card?

A Canadian citizenship card is your proof of Canadian citizenship. It is not a valid travel document and cannot be used for travel purposes. You are advised to always carry a valid Canadian passport when travelling.

Why do you recommend that Canadians ensure there are at least six or more months of validity remaining on their passports?

Many countries strictly enforce a rule prohibiting entry if the traveller is holding a passport that will expire within six months of the date of entry. We strongly urge Canadians to check with their travel agent, airline, or Embassy of the country they intend to visit to ensure their document is acceptable for entry otherwise the individual may experience financial loss as a result of cancelled travel plans.

Do I require six months of validity on my passport to travel back to Canada?

No. Canadians can use their passport to return to Canada provided the document is still valid.

What happens if I made a mistake and my application is rejected?

Passport Canada will close your file and return everything to you with a letter outlining the problem and telling you how to correct it. You will need to correct the error and review your application carefully before sending it back to Passport Canada.

Do I need to submit original proof of citizenship if I've already had a passport or if my current passport has not yet expired?

Unless you are using the “Simplified Renewal Form” you must send the original document.

I am in the process of applying for a new passport but I no longer have original proof of Canadian citizenship. What do I do now?

1. If you were born in Canada, your proof of citizenship is your birth certificate. You need to contact the Vital Statistics Office of the province where you were born to request a duplicate.

2. If you were born outside of Canada, your proof of citizenship is your certificate of Canadian citizenship (in the form of either a wallet-sized card with a photo on it or more recently a large paper certificate), or a Certificate of Registration of Birth Abroad. If you no longer have this document, you will need to apply for a replacement.

In section 4 A, "Did you acquire citizenship of another country before JANUARY 1, 1947?" What does it means?

As example, if you were born in Turkey in 1943 and you became a Canadian citizen in 1979, your answer to this question would be "Yes" and you would place a check mark in the box next to "By Birth." Your answer is "Yes" because at the time of your birth, you were not a Canadian citizen and you did not become a Canadian citizen until 1979. Therefore, you must have been a citizen of another country before January 1st, 1947.

My child is born in Turkey and does not have proof of Canadian citizenship yet. How can I get a passport for his/her travel?

Proof of Canadian citizenship is required to support each passport application.  If your child was born in Turkey and you have not yet applied for his/her Canadian citizenship certificate, you will need to do that before submitting a passport application.  If possible, you should consider deferring all travel plans until the certificate is received from the processing centre in Canada.  For citizenship certificates, this can be a lengthy process and we urge you to submit the application as soon as possible after the birth of your child.

Following submission of the citizenship application, if travel plans cannot be deferred, you may submit a fully completed passport application along with all supporting documentation as well as your child's proof of travel, such as a confirmed and paid itinerary or an airline ticket, to assess the case.  As your child does not have citizenship documents, you will need to submit the original proof of Canadian citizenship from one of the parents, the original foreign birth certificate showing both parents' names, and the receipt confirming submission of the citizenship application. Our passport examiners will assess your case and determine the necessity of issuing a limited validity passport to meet your child’s travel needs.   If the Canadian parent and the child are born outside Canada, then the completed form PPTC445 (Confirmation of Parents’ Canadian Citizenship History for a Child Born Abroad) is also required.  A PPTC116 form must be completed by the applying parent. 

Please note that a Limited Validity Passport can only be issued to children below two (2) years of age who have no Declaratory Evidence of Citizenship.

The other parent is living in another country. How do I get his/her signature for consent?

Child applications can only be made in person together with at least one of the child’s parents.

Only the following people can apply for a child’s passport:

  • One of the child’s parents
  • In the case of separation or divorce, the parent who has custody of the child (separation agreements and court orders must be provided)
  • The child’s legal guardian (proof of legal guardianship must be provided)

If one parent is living in another country, you do not need to have him/her sign the application form which will be submitted to us. His/her personal details (name, date of birth, address, contact telephone numbers, etc.) however must be provided on the application form. The parent living abroad will be required to contact the nearest Passport Canada office or Canadian mission to make arrangements to complete the PPTC 028 - Acknowledgement/Consent to Provision of Passport Facilities for a Minor Child. This form is to be completed and signed in the presence of the passport officer. The parent living abroad must bring his/her own passport and other original supporting documents which may be required for the application, when s/he approaches the passport issuing office for identification and signature verification. After it has been completed and signed, the form and supporting documents will be forwarded to our office by the passport officer so we may continue processing the child’s passport application.

The other parent is not able to sign the passport form. What can I do?

If it is not possible to obtain the signature of the other parent, you must provide as many details as possible (i.e. name, date of birth, address, contact telephone numbers, last known contact, details of your attempts to locate the other parent, etc.), and inform us that the other parent cannot be located. Your file will not be processed under normal conditions, but will be given special consideration due to concerns related to child custody issues.

Will my child require a new passport once he or she reaches the age of 16 and still holds a valid one?

No. The passport of a child who turns 16 years of age continues to be valid until it expires. A passport issued to a child is identical to a passport issued to an adult.

Is it necessary for my child to come in person to either submit the application or collect the new passport?

Yes. Child applications can only be made in person together with at least one of the child’s parents.

Only the following people can apply for a child’s passport:

  • One of the child’s parents
  • In the case of separation or divorce, the parent who has custody of the child (separation agreements and court orders must be provided)
  • The child’s legal guardian (proof of legal guardianship must be provided)

Please ensure that all parties are available to appear at the passport issuing office if requested.

*Citizenship Services

New citizenship rules

Changes to citizenship rules

Changes to citizenship rules around who is or who is not a Canadian citizen were affected when the Citizenship Act was amended in 2009 and 2015.

Changes made to the Citizenship Act in 2009 and 2015 gave Canadian citizenship to certain people who lost it and recognized others as citizens for the first time. The following information may help you find out who did or did not become a Canadian citizen under the 2009 and 2015 changes to the citizenship rules.

Note: These changes did not take Canadian citizenship away from any person who was a Canadian citizen immediately before the rules came into effect.

In 2015, you became a Canadian citizen if you were:

  • born or naturalized in Canada before January 1, 1947 (April 1, 1949, in the case of Newfoundland and Labrador) but ceased to be a British subject and did not become a citizen on either of those dates;
  • a British subject ordinarily resident in Canada on January 1, 1947 (April 1, 1949, in the case of Newfoundland and Labrador) but were not eligible for Canadian citizenship on January 1, 1947 (on or before April 1, 1949 in the case of Newfoundland and Labrador);
  • born outside Canada before January 1, 1947 (April 1, 1949 in the case of Newfoundland and Labrador) in the first generation to a parent described above;  
  • born outside Canada in the first generation before January 1, 1947 (or April 1, 1949, in the case of Newfoundland and Labrador) to a parent who became a citizen on January 1, 1947 (or April 1, 1949, in the case of Newfoundland and Labrador) and you did not become a citizen on either of these dates; or
  • Foreign-born and adopted before January 1, 1947, and at least one adoptive parent became a Canadian citizen on January 1, 1947 (or April 1, 1949, in the case of Newfoundland and Labrador for adoptions that took place prior to April 1, 1949); and the adoptive parent is eligible to pass on citizenship by descent.

In 2015, you did not become a Canadian citizen if you:

  • were born outside Canada after the first generation (unless one of the exceptions to the first generation limit to citizenship by descent apply);
  • renounced your Canadian citizenship or British subject status;
  • had your  British subject status revoked; or
  • had your Canadian citizenship revoked by the government because it was obtained by fraud.

In 2009, you became a Canadian citizen if you:

  • became a Canadian citizen on January 1, 1947 and subsequently lost your Canadian citizenship;
  • were born or naturalized in Canada on or after January 1, 1947 and lost your Canadian citizenship;
  • were born outside Canada in the first generation to a Canadian parent on or after January 1, 1947 and you lost or never had citizenship due to former citizenship provisions; or
  • were foreign-born and adopted by Canadian parents on or after January 1, 1947.

In 2009, you did not become a Canadian citizen if you:

  • did not become a citizen on January 1, 1947;
  • were born in Canada but were not a Canadian citizen at birth because when you were born, one of your parents was a foreign diplomat and neither of your parents was a permanent resident or Canadian citizen;
  • as an adult, renounced your citizenship with the Canadian government;
  • had your citizenship revoked by the government because it was obtained by fraud;
  • were born outside Canada to a Canadian parent, were not already a Canadian citizen or you had lost your citizenship in the past, and you were born in the second or subsequent generation (this includes people who failed to retain citizenship).

Amendments to the Citizenship Act limit citizenship by descent

On April 17, 2009, the rules for Canadian citizenship changed for persons born outside Canada to Canadian parents and who were not already Canadian citizens when the rules changed.

These rules did not take Canadian citizenship away from any person who was a Canadian citizen immediately before the rules came into effect.

Canadian citizenship by birth outside Canada to a Canadian citizen parent (citizenship by descent) is now limited to the first generation born outside Canada.

This means that, in general, persons who were not already Canadian citizens immediately before April 17, 2009 and who were born outside Canada to a Canadian parent are not Canadian if:

  • their Canadian parent was also born outside Canada to a Canadian parent (the person is therefore the second or subsequent generation born outside Canada), or
  • their Canadian parent was granted Canadian citizenship under section 5.1, the adoption provisions of the Citizenship Act (the person is therefore the second generation born outside Canada)

unless their Canadian parent or grandparent was employed as described in one of the following exceptions to the first generation limit.

Exceptions to the first generation limit

The first generation limit to citizenship does not apply to a person born outside Canada in the second or subsequent generation if:

  • at the time of the person’s birth, their Canadian parent was employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory, other than as a locally engaged person (a crown servant);
  • at the time of their Canadian parent’s birth or adoption, the person’s Canadian grandparent was employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or public service of a province or territory, other than as a locally engaged person (a crown servant).

The rules may also affect children adopted by Canadian parents outside Canada, depending on how the child obtained, or will obtain, citizenship.

Persons born to a Canadian parent who are not eligible for citizenship by descent due to the first generation limit may apply for and obtain permanent resident status and subsequently submit an application for a grant of citizenship under section 5 of the Citizenship Act.

Applications for citizenship certificates are pre-screened at our office before being sent to the Case Processing Center (CPC) in Sydney, Nova Scotia.  The processing time may take up to 12 months for a routine application.

IMPORTANT: Please ensure that you provide your complete mailing address and current contact details when submitting an application.  Any change of address or telephone number should be advised immediately by email (ankra-cs@international.gc.ca or istblcs@international.gc.ca).  Once the Embassy or the Consulate receives your citizenship certificate from the Case Processing Center (CPC), it may be sent directly to your local mailing address by traceable mail.  If a Canadian mailing address was provided on the application form, CPC will send the citizenship certificate directly to the Canadian mailing address.

If you are not able to locate the answer to your question after browsing our website, please contact us.

Applying for a Citizenship Certificate - First Time Applicant

For minors (under 18 years old), their parent or legal guardian must apply for them. If you are applying for a minor, remember that the questions apply to the minor.

1. Get an application package

Download and print the application for a citizenship certificate (adults and minors). It includes the instruction guide and all the forms you need to fill out.

Use the instruction guide to help you fill out the forms correctly.

You must fill out all the forms and include all documents listed in the document checklist in the application package. Missing information or documents can delay your application.

Citizenship Application:

  • Canadian Parent’s passport and birth certificate or citizenship card,
  • Marriage certificate,
  • Multilingual birth certificate taken from Census Directorate or Canadian Birth Certificate (Long Form), or multilingual birth extract (Cok Lisanli Dogum Kayit Ornegi) from local vital statistics agency (Nufus Mudurlugu).
  • Other parent’s id with signature.
  • 2 Photos,
  • Citizenship Card form
  • Fee 75 CAD or TL equivalent at the time of the submission

The first time you apply

If this is the first time you are applying, you will need to bring the original documents. Copies must be certified. This means a person approved by CIC must compare the original document to the copy and confirm that they are the same. You can find more information about this in Part 1 of the application guide.

If documents are not in English or French, you will need:

  • the original documents, or clear and easy–to-read certified copies,
  • a translation of them and
  • a sworn statement from the person who did the translation.

We cannot accept translations by family members.

2. Pay the application fee

You must pay the application fee in Canadian funds or Turkish Lira. We will not refund the fee. Make sure you are eligible for a citizenship certificate before you apply.

3. Submit the application

Please note that Canadian citizens may apply to any Canadian mission around the world for passport services and other consular assistance. In Turkey, there are two such missions, in Ankara and in Istanbul:

Consular Section, Embassy of Canada
Cinnah Caddesi No: 58 Çankaya, Ankara, TURKEY,
+90 312 409 2700
Operating Hours: Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 12:00

Consulate of Canada,
Büyükdere Caddesi No: 209, Tekfen Tower 16th Floor
4 Levent, Istanbul, TURKEY,
+90 212 385 9700
Operating Hours: Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 12:00

Processing time

Find out how long it will take CIC to process your application.

Applying for a Citizenship Certificate - Replacement

To replace your citizenship certificate, follow the steps to apply for proof of citizenship. You must use this process if your certificate was lost, stolen, damaged or destroyed. Please report it to your local police department. You do not need to inform CIC that it was stolen.

Adoptions

The Embassy of Canada, Ankara is unable to advice on the legalities or the procedures for intercountry adoption. However, you will find below some information on the Letter issued by Canadian missions to Canadian residents abroad who wish to adopt.

There are many Canadian citizens who live abroad and wish to adopt children in their country of residence or in a third country. Frequently, such Canadians are asked by foreign adoption authorities for a letter from a Canadian authority approving the adoption and indicating that the child will be permitted entry to Canada.

Although Canadian provinces and territories have jurisdiction over adoption, they have no authority to issue no-objection letters for Canadians living outside their borders. Therefore, Canadians abroad have turned to the federal government and its overseas missions for help. In response, federal departments, the Global Affairs of Canada (GAC), Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) and Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) have collaborated to produce a standard letter that can be issued by Canadian missions to Canadian residents abroad who wish to adopt.

The letter from the mission must be used in conjunction with a letter from the applicant's former province / territory of residence or the province / territory with which he or she has the closest ties.

The provincial / territorial letters states that the provincial jurisdiction has no authority to become involved in adoptions by individuals or couples resident outside that jurisdiction and that, in cases involving such individuals, it can recognize an adoption completed in a foreign jurisdiction. The letters from the provinces and territories may vary slightly from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, but they all will contain the two essential messages described above (see attached sample provincial / territorial letter).

The letter template and the following process have been approved by ESDC, IRCC and the GAC legal section. Provinces and territories have also indicated their agreement with the process as outlined here. It is important to note that neither the letter from the province or territory nor the letter from the mission should be considered a letter of "no objection." Rather, they are closer to letters of "no involvement."

1-Canadian Citizens wishing to adopt need to provide the request in a letter described as follows:

a. the letter should include:

i. the name and address of the official to whom the letter they are requesting should be addressed;
ii. the full name and current address of the applicant(s); and
iii. the applicant(s)'s last province of residence in Canada (or province with closest ties).

b. the letter must be accompanied by:

i. proof of Canadian citizenship (passport, birth certificate, citizenship card, etc.). Photocopies are not acceptable: originals must be seen at the mission;
ii. proof of last province of residence or proof of ties to that province (e.g., driver’s license, healthcare card, copies of income tax forms, old bills etc.) or, if the applicant has never lived in
Canada, proof that his/her parent(s) had lived in the province in question would suffice); and
iii. a letter from employer or spouse's employer proving extended residency outside of Canada.

Exception: Please notify previous residents of Québec that they must contact the officials at the Secrétariat à l’adoption internationale at (514) 873-5226 before the province can proceed with the request for the letter.

2. Upon receipt of the letter from the provincial/territorial authorities and approval from GAC/CLP, the Canadian mission is authorised to issue its own letter to the applicant.

Useful Links:

FAQs

I do not have documentary proof of Canadian citizenship. What can I do?

If you do not have your proof of Canadian citizenship or if you have lost your proof of Canadian citizenship, you should have the document replaced as soon as possible and, if possible, defer your immediate travel plans. After you have applied for a replacement of your proof of Canadian citizenship and if your travel plans cannot be deferred, you may submit a fully completed passport application along with all other supporting documentation as well as your proof of need for travel. We will assess your case and determine the necessity of issuing a limited validity passport to meet your travel needs. Limited validity passports cannot be extended.  Please provide your proof of travel such as a confirmed and paid itinerary or an airline ticket, as supporting documentation to assess your case.

How do I update the photo on my citizenship certificate?

Since February 1, 2012, Citizenship and Immigration Canada no longer produces the plastic wallet-sized citizenship certificate with photo. Instead, those applying for a citizenship certificate (including a replacement) receive a letter-sized paper citizenship certificate that no longer contains the applicant’s photograph. However, applicants must still provide two citizenship photographs with their application for a citizenship certificate. These photos will be uploaded in the citizenship records and the applicant will receive the new citizenship certificate format without photo. For more information on the new citizenship certificate, please refer to the CIC website.

Other Services:

Consular Service Hours, Consular Contact Information & Office Closures

Returning to Canada

*Import Duties & Taxes

*What Can I Bring to Canada

*Medical Matters

*Vehicle Imports

*Taxes

the Embassy does not have a tax office, for further tax-related information, please contact:

Canada Customs and Revenue Agency
International Taxation Office
2204 Walkley Road
Ottawa, ON, K1A 1A8
Tel: +1-613-952-3741 (collect calls accepted)
Fax: +1-613-941-2505

*Customs

Please note that the Embassy does not have a customs office.

You may also visit the Canada Customs and Revenue Agency which provides general customs information.

*Pensions

Canada Pension Plan

For information on the Canada Pension Plan, please contact:

International Benefits and Foreign Affairs
Income Security Programs
Human Resources and Development
Place Vanier, Tower A, 10th Floor
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0L4
Canada
Telephone: +1-613-957-1954
Fax: +1-613-952-8901

For additional information, you may visit the Canada Pension Plan.

Quebec Pension Plan

For information on the Quebec Pension Plan, please contact:

Regie des rentes du Quebec
2600, boul. Laurier
Ste-Foy, Que G1V 4T3
Canada
Telephone: +1-418-643-8302
Fax: +1-418-643-9586

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Date Modified:
2017-08-03