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Fact Sheet

Flag of United Kingdom

United Kingdom

Official Title:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland


General Information

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
Bilateral Product trade
Canada - United Kingdom
Year Exports Imports
2011 $18,791,771,032 $10,329,702,764
2012 $18,759,280,333 $8,540,723,619
2013 $13,960,103,732 $8,427,807,172
2014 $15,222,137,993 $9,207,389,677
2015 $15,951,808,725 $9,187,451,525
Product trade (2015)
21 HS Sections
Canada - United Kingdom
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $119,127,316 $29,105,143
02 Veg. Prod. $271,100,371 $46,940,328
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $3,213,304 $4,288,034
04 Food Prod. $180,596,485 $467,745,275
05 Mineral Prod. $618,678,181 $419,864,066
06 Chemical Prod. $614,355,541 $1,126,599,844
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $54,744,412 $201,934,340
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $4,783,435 $5,129,470
09 Wood Prod. $293,586,956 $1,567,316
10 Paper Prod. $156,221,688 $134,081,511
11 Textiles Prod. $37,211,589 $77,540,585
12 Dress Access. $5,566,066 $5,681,219
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $11,118,207 $40,685,098
14 Precious Metals/stones $9,875,621,837 $1,663,311,544
15 Base Metal Prod. $1,387,531,336 $322,893,213
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $1,024,072,719 $1,904,319,794
17 Vehicles and Equip. $655,636,390 $1,991,728,742
18 Specialized Inst. $389,405,884 $397,904,733
19 Arms & Ammunition $14,512,639 $5,088,720
20 Misc. Articles $63,200,052 $68,003,072
21 Antiques $21,607,849 $27,379,322

Capital: London
Population (million): 65.097
Total Area: 244,820km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.51 Pound (GBP)(2015 - Annual average)
National Holiday:
Language(s): English, Welsh, Scots, Gaelic


Political Information

Type of State:
Constitutional monarchy

Type of Government:
Parliamentary democracy. Bicameral parliament with a 650-seat House of Commons and a House of Lords (upper house). Prime Minister (leader of the largest party or coalition in parliament). Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the Prime Minister. Administrative divisions: 47 boroughs, 36 counties, 29 London boroughs, 12 cities and boroughs, 10 districts, 12 cities, 3 royal boroughs. Governing party: Conservative (since May 2015).

Head of State:
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Accession 1952)

Head of Government:
Prime Minister David Cameron (Cons)

Ministers:
Foreign Secretary: Philip Hammond (Cons)
Chancellor of the Exchequer: George Osborne (Cons)

Main Political Parties:
Labour Party (Lab), Conservative Party (Cons), Liberal Democrats (LibDem), Party of Wales (Plaid Cymru) (PC), Scottish National Party (SNP), Democratic Unionist Party (Northern Ireland) (DUP), Sinn Fein (Northern Ireland), Social Democratic and Labour Party (Northern Ireland) (SDLP), Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), U.K. Independence Party (UKIP), Green. House of Commons: Cons (330), Lab (232), SNP (56), LibDem (8), DUP (8), SF (4), PC (3), SDLP (3), Green (1), UUP (2), UKIP (1), Independents (1), other (1).

Elections:
Monarchy is hereditary. House of Commons: 5 year term; last election was held in May 2015.


Economic Information (2015)

Comparative figures
Type United Kingdom Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 3643.49 1985.05
GDP per capita: ($) 55970.05 55409.05
GDP growth rate: (%) 2.25 1.18
Inflation: (%) 0.05 1.1
Unemployment: (%) 5.38 6.89

Product Trade and investment (2015)

Canadian exports to country: $15,951,808,725
Canadian imports from country: $9,187,451,525
FDI in Canada: $34266 million
CDI in United Kingdom: $92935 million


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
High Commissioner Howard Drake

Canadian Representation Abroad:
High Commissioner Gordon Campbell


May 2016
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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Date Modified:
2012-02-27