Canada - Algeria Relations

Canada and Algeria enjoy excellent diplomatic relations, which go back to the initial years after Algeria’s independence. Algeria is an influential actor in the North Africa region and an important partner for Canada in the global fight against terrorism and bilateral trade.

Canada recognized Algeria upon independence in 1962, and diplomatic relations were established in 1964. Bilateral relations are greatly strengthened by people-to-people ties. In 2016, the Algerian diaspora to Canada was comprised of approximately 67,000 people, residing primarily in the Montreal area. Algeria is also the fourth-largest source of immigrants to Quebec, after France, Haiti, and Morocco. In 2018, close to 2,050 students from Algeria were studying in Canada.

Algeria is a major regional player in the global fight against terrorism. Recognizing Algeria’s unique role, Canada is committed to strengthening bilateral cooperation with Algeria to work towards the consolidation of peace and security in the region. Algeria and Canada participated in the launch of the Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF) in 2011, and until 2019, the two were co-chairs for the capacity-building working group for the Sahel, and subsequent West Africa region. Canada now co-chairs the GCTF as a whole, while Algeria continues to co-chair the West Africa working group. Canada provides funding for initiatives related to counter-terrorism capacity building with a geographic focus on Algeria.

In 2019, Canada provided $400,000 to the UN Refugee Agency to support those living in Sahrawi camps located in southwestern Algeria.

Through the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives, Canada supports projects and organizations that promote democracy, respect for human rights and inclusive and accountable governance in Algeria.

Algeria has supported various international initiatives spearheaded by Canada. Algeria signed and ratified the Ottawa Convention on Anti-Personnel Mines, and has completed all steps called for under the convention. Algeria was also active in promoting the New Economic Partnership for African Development (NEPAD), particularly within the African Peer Review Mechanism. Although not a member of La Francophonie, Algeria is the second-largest French-speaking country in the world in terms of the number of speakers, and has participated in Francophonie summits, including the 2008 Quebec City Summit.

Canada is represented in Algeria by the Embassy of Canada in Algiers. Algeria is represented in Canada by an Embassy in Ottawa and a Consulate General in Montreal.

Commercial Relations

Canada and Algeria have a dynamic commercial relationship, with bilateral trade totalling approximately $778.4 million in 2018. Algeria was among Canada’s top trading partners on the continent, and was the second most important African country for Canadian exports in 2018, after Botswana. There are more than 60 Canadian companies doing business in Algeria, and their varied activities range from basic foodstuffs to training services and aeronautics.

Algeria has promising commercial opportunities for Canada in the infrastructure and consulting engineering services, education, aerospace, information and communication technology, and agriculture sectors. Canada and Algeria also have strong cultural and academic ties including several inter-university research and teaching agreements. On July 1, 2017, Air Canada launched a direct flight between Montreal and Alger, a service that previously was only offered by Air Algeria.

Travel Advisory

Global Affairs Canada recommends anyone considering travel to Algeria to check its travel advice and encourages travellers to register with its free Registration of Canadians Abroad service when outside of Canada.