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Guangdong 广东

Regional Economy Outlook Video


Overview

Skyline of the the city of Shenzhen showing the KK100 (Kingkey 100) skyscraper.

Guangdong Province is situated in the southernmost part of China's mainland and immediately adjacent to Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) and Macau SAR to the south. It faces the South China Sea with a continental coastline of 3,368 km, and has numerous islands. Following China’s opening up in 1978, Guangdong developed a market-oriented culture earlier than any other province in the country, and emerged as a leading province with high records for economic indicators such as GRP, FDI, and foreign exports. Guangdong is home to the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, which serves as one of China’s top economic transportation engines. The provincial capital is Guangzhou, and the local dialect is Cantonese.

Secretary of the CPC Municipal Committee:Li Xi
Governor:Ma Xingrui
Population:107 M
Largest citiesFootnote 1:Provincial capital: Guangzhou (12.7 M)
Shenzhen (10.4 M)
Dongguan (8.2 M)
Area:177,900 km2
Twinning relationships and sister cities in Canada:Guangzhou – Vancouver, British Columbia
Huizhou – North Vancouver, Britsh Columbia
Shantou – Saint-John, New Brunswick
Shenzhen – Saint-John, New Brunswick
Yunfu – New Westminster, British Columbia
Zhongshan – Burnaby, British Columbia
Zhuhai – Surrey, British Columbia
Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and development zones:Guangzhou Development District
Huizhou Dayawan Economic and Technological Development Zone
Huizhou Zhongkao High-tech Industrial Development Zone
Mianyang High-tech Industrial Development Zone
Shantou Special Economic Zone
Shenzhen Export Processing Zone
Shenzhen High-tech Industrial Development Zone
Shenzhen Shatoujiao Free Trade Zone
Shenzhen Special Economic Zone
Taiyuan Economic and Technological Development Zone
Taiyuan National High-tech Industrial Development Zone
Wuxi New District
Yantai Port Free Trade Zone
Zhongshan Torch High-tech Industrial Development Zone
Zhuhai Free Trade Zone
Zhuhai High-tech Industrial Development Zone
Zhuhai Macau Cross-border Industrial Zone
Tourism:Direct flights connect Guangzhou to Vancouver.

Responsibility for Canadian interests in Guangzhou is managed by the Embassy of Canada to China, the Canadian Consulate General in Guangzhou and the Canadian Trade Office in Shenzhen.

Economic Profile

The below exchange rate was from the Bank of Canada’s website: On 20 May 2016, 1.00 Chinese renminbi(s) = 0.20 Canadian Dollar(s), at an exchange rate of 0.2006 (using nominal rate).

IndicatorValueProvincial Rank
Gross Regional Product (GRP)6,780.9 B CNY ($1,360.3 B CAD)1/31
GRP per capita63,469 CNY ($12,732 CAD)9/31

  • The Pearl River Delta area is one of China’s top economic hub.
  • In recent years, the provincial and central governments have taken measures to replace Guangdong’s low value-added and inefficient industries with more knowledge-intensive ones. The target is to have the high-tech manufacturing sector account for 20% of the total provincial GRP by 2015.
  • Guangdong has China’s largest consumer market, accounting for 12% of the country’s total sales of consumer goods.
  • The Guangdong government hopes to have the service industry account for more than 50% of the total provincial GRP by 2015, and is also targeting the development of financial services, tourism, and cultural industries.
  • Guangzhou, the provincial capital and the economic center of the Pearl River Delta, is not only the transportation, industrial, financial and trade center of Southern China, but also a Special Economic Zone and an important trading point with Hong Kong. For instance, it is home to a large number of multinational companies who developed links with Mainland China thought their Hong Kong headquarters. Electronics, communications, petrochemicals and high-tech industry represent the city’s pillar industries.
  • The metropolitan city of Shenzhen is one of the most successful Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in China. The city is a manufacturing base for a wide range of industries and serves as an important trading platform between Mainland China and Hong Kong, whose reputation in international shipping stimulated Shenzhen’s Port to become one China’s busiest. Electronics and telecommunication equipment manufacturing is the city’s largest industry.
  • Others, Wholesale and Retail Trades, and Real Estate are the three biggest sectors of the Service industry in 2014, composing 18.1%, 11.5% and 6.6% of the GRP respectively.

GRP Composition

Pie Chart showing GRP Composition (Services 49%, Industrial sector 46%, and Natural Resources Exploitation 5%)

Source: 2015 National Bureau of Statistics of China


Canadian Business in Guangdong

More than 240 Canadian entities are doing business in Guangdong, including BMO Financial Group, Transportation, Cansolv Technologies Inc., Chreod, Clearwater, Creation Technologies, General Magnetic, IMAX, Magna, Manulife, Performance Plants Inc. (PPI), Pillitteri Estates Winery, Plitron Manufacturing Inc, Richway Environmental Technologies Ltd., Savaria and Scotiabank.

In May 2014, Minister Fast met with Guangdong Party Secretary Hu Chunhua to promote Canada as a compelling trade and investment partner for Guangdong Province. He highlighted the increasingly deepening commercial relationship between Canada and Guangdong, mentioning the recent addition of direct air services, new links between the ports of Halifax and Shenzhen, new collaboration between Canada life sciences SMEs and local partners, growing energy cooperation and new educational programs.

Examples of Canadian business success stories in Guangdong include the following:

CAE is a global leader in providing comprehensive training solutions based on world-leading simulation technology and integrated training services. The company employs 8,000 people at more than 160 sites and training locations in 35 countries. CAE has been doing business in China for more than 20 years. There are more than 80 CAE-built simulators operational in the country to support the training needs of airline customers such Air China, China Eastern, China Southern Airlines, Shandong Airlines, Hainan Airlines, Xiamen Air and Sichuan Airlines. CAE operates a joint venture training centre with China Southern Airlines, called Zhuhai Flight Training Center.

JET Architecture, based in Ontario, excels in providing design services to worldwide clients with futuristic inspiration. They won the Hong Kong West Kowloon Arts Pavilion International Competition (in joint venture with local Hong Kong firms). JET was also a finalist in the Shenzhen Two Towers International Design Competition and a finalist in the Kaohsiung Port Terminal International Competition.  JET architecture collaborates with sustainable leaders and considers environmentally sustainable design as an integral part of their design process.

Trade and Investment

Bilateral trade: $772.05 M Footnote 2

Exports

Guangzhou exports to the world:$132,519.12 M
Guangzhou exports to Canada$1,120.41 M

Guangzhou’s top exports to Canada

Electrical Machinery And Equipment And Parts Thereof; Sound Recorders And Reproducers, Television Recorders And Reproducers, Parts And Accessories:$174.40 M
Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$163.33 M
Furniture; Bedding, Cushions Etc.; Lamps And Lighting Fittings Nesoi; Illuminated Signs, Nameplates And The Like; Prefabricated Buildings:$80.37 M
Articles Of Apparel And Clothing Accessories, Not Knitted Or Crocheted:$76.07 M
Footwear, Gaiters And The Like; Parts Of Such Articles:$65.99 M
Ceramic Products:$65.56 M
Articles Of Iron Or Steel:$60.26 M

Guangzhou’s top exports to the world

Electrical Machinery And Equipment And Parts Thereof; Sound Recorders And Reproducers, Television Recorders And Reproducers, Parts And Accessories:$22,021.39 M
Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$17,131.76 M
Natural Or Cultured Pearls, Precious Or Semiprecious Stones, Precious Metals; Precious Metal Clad Metals, Articles Thereof; Imitation Jewelry; Coin:$14,580.12 M
Articles Of Apparel And Clothing Accessories, Not Knitted Or Crocheted:$11,765.33 M
Furniture; Bedding, Cushions Etc.; Lamps And Lighting Fittings Nesoi; Illuminated Signs, Nameplates And The Like; Prefabricated Buildings:$9,880.85 M
Plastics And Articles Thereof:$4,827.01 M
Ceramics:$4,442.40 M

Imports

Guangzhou’s imports from the world:$67,109.85 M
Guangzhou’s imports from Canada:$772,05 M

Guangzhou’s top imports from Canada

Pulp Of Wood Or Other Fibrous Cellulosic Material; Recovered (Waste And Scrap) Paper And Paperboard:$162.23 M
Plastics And Articles Thereof:$125.49 M
Cereals:$70.42 M
Nickel And Articles Thereof:$55.81 M
Fish And Crustaceans, Molluscs And Other Aquatic Invertebrates:$39.16 M
Pharmaceutical Products:$34.98 M
Furskins And Artificial Fur; Manufactuers Therof:$30.12 M

Guangzhou’s top imports from the world

Electrical Machinery And Equipment And Parts Thereof; Sound Recorders And Reproducers, Television Recorders And Reproducers, Parts And Accessories:$6,906.04 M
Natural Or Cultured Pearls, Precious Or Semiprecious Stones, Precious Metals; Precious Metal Clad Metals, Articles Thereof; Imitation Jewelry; Coin:$6,402.65 M
Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$50,066.6 M
Plastics And Articles Thereof:$5,562.78 M
Optical, Photographic, Cinematographic, Measuring, Checking, Precision, Medical Or Surgical Instruments And Apparatus; Parts And Accessories Thereof:$4,586.93 M
Copper And Articles Thereof:$3,797.59 M
Aircraft, Spacecraft, And Parts Thereof:$3,455.22 M

Bilateral trade: $8,120.3 M Footnote 2

Exports

Shenzhen exports to the world:$560,428.8 M
Shenzhen  exports to Canada$6,519.11 M

Shenzhen’s top exports to Canada

Electrical Machinery And Equipment And Parts Thereof; Sound Recorders And Reproducers, Television Recorders And Reproducers, Parts And Accessories:$1,405.4 M
Furniture; Bedding, Cushions Etc.; Lamps And Lighting Fittings Nesoi; Illuminated Signs, Nameplates And The Like; Prefabricated Buildings:$1,161.0 M
Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$579.3 M
Toys, Games And Sports Equipment; Parts And Accessories Thereof:$438.9 M
Plastics And Articles Thereof:$347.9 M
Articles Of Iron Or Steel:$305.7 M
Footwear, Gaiters And The Like; Parts Of Such Articles:$279.0 M

Shenzhen’s top exports to the world

Electrical Machinery And Equipment And Parts Thereof; Sound Recorders And Reproducers, Television Recorders And Reproducers, Parts And Accessories:$249,003.9 M
Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$72,705.1 M
Furniture; Bedding, Cushions Etc.; Lamps And Lighting Fittings Nesoi; Illuminated Signs, Nameplates And The Like; Prefabricated Buildings:$37,749.6 M
Optical, Photographic, Cinematographic, Measuring, Checking, Precision, Medical Or Surgical Instruments And Apparatus; Parts And Accessories Thereof:$23,779.5 M
Footwear, Gaiters And The Like; Parts Of Such Articles:$14,796.15 M
Toys, Games And Sports Equipment; Parts And Accessories Therof:$14,454.5 M
Ceramics:$4,442.40 M

Imports

Shenzhen  imports from the world:$279,406.3 M
Shenzhen imports from Canada:$4,313,3 M

Shenzhen’s top exports to Canada

Electrical Machinery And Equipment And Parts Thereof; Sound Recorders And Reproducers, Television Recorders And Reproducers, Parts And Accessories:$1,405.4 M
Furniture; Bedding, Cushions Etc.; Lamps And Lighting Fittings Nesoi; Illuminated Signs, Nameplates And The Like; Prefabricated Buildings:$1,161 M
Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$579.3 M
Toys, Games And Sports Equipment; Parts And Accessories Thereof:$438.9 M
Plastics And Articles Thereof:$347.9 M
Articles Of Iron Or Steel:$305.7 M
Footwear, Gaiters And The Like; Parts Of Such Articles:$279.0 M

Shenzhen’s top exports to the world

Electrical Machinery And Equipment And Parts Thereof; Sound Recorders And Reproducers, Television Recorders And Reproducers, Parts And Accessories:$6,906.04 M
Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$72,705.1 M
Furniture; Bedding, Cushions Etc.; Lamps And Lighting Fittings Nesoi; Illuminated Signs, Nameplates And The Like; Prefabricated Buildings:$37,749.6 M
Optical, Photographic, Cinematographic, Measuring, Checking, Precision, Medical Or Surgical Instruments And Apparatus; Parts And Accessories Thereof:$23,779.5 M
Footwear, Gaiters And The Like; Parts Of Such Articles:$14,796.15 M
Articles Of Apparel And Clothing Accessories, Knitted Or Crocheted:$14,702.7 M
Toys, Games And Sports Equipment; Parts And Accessories Therof:$14,454.5 M

Education

There are many educational linkages between Canadian universities and Guangdong educational institutes, including multiple exchange partnerships.

  • There are two Canadian Studies Centres in Guangdong that are located at Guangdong University of Foreign Studies in Guangzhou and at the Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School.
  • Since 2008, McGill University has maintained a special study program with the South China Agricultural University in Guangzhou for students in Agro-Ecosystems.  With a combination of lectures and lab research, the program allows Chinese students to learn about the latest advances in human nutrition, agriculture, the environment, food safety and security and sustainable development.
  • McGill University’s Department of Family Medicine has been collaborating with the association of family physicians in Shenzhen since 2009 and has recently hosted this group in Montreal.  McGill is currently in discussion with the South Central China University to determine how best to assist in capacity-building in primary health care in these areas.
  • With the support of Li Ka Shing Foundation, McGill’s Faculty of Law and Shantou University Law School developed a summer law exchange program. Its location alternates between Montreal and Shantou each year.
  • Many scholars from Guangdong have visited Canada under the Special Award for Canadian Studies program and the Canada-China Scholar’s Exchange Program.
  • The University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry (FoMD), through its Global Health Office, has many partnerships with various Chinese partners, including Shantou University Medical College in Guangdong.  FoMD and its Chinese partners work together to improve primary care and health care systems.
  • University of Alberta’s FoMD and Shantou University Medical College also developed a Ph.D. training program.
  • Centennial College of Ontario prepared a trilateral articulation agreement with Guangzhou College of SCUT and the City of Knowledge in Panama to offer International Business Management Graduate Certificate. Centennial also has an international education office in Guangzhou.
  • According to the Canadian Information Centre for International Credential (CICIC), there are 10 Canadian certified offshore elementary and secondary school programs in Guangdong

For more information, please visit Canada’s International Education Strategy in China’s website.

Recent High-level Visits

Recent visits

  • Hon. Victor Oh, Senator, Ontario (July 2016)
  • Hon. Deron Bilous, Alberta Minister of Economic Development and Trade, visit to Guangzhou (March 2016)
  • Frank Scarpitti , Mayor of Markham ,visit to Jiangmen and Huadu (Dec 2015)
  • Denis Coderre, Mayor of Montreal, visit to Guangzhou (Nov 2015)
  • Gregor Robertson, Mayor of Vancouver, visit to Guangzhou (Nov 2015)
  • Hon. Christy Clark, BC Premier, visit to Guangzhou and Shenzhen (Nov 2015)
  • Hon. Stephen McNeil, Nova Scotia Premier, visit to Zhuhai and Guangzhou (Sep 2015)
  • Hon. Teresa Wat, Minister of BC International Trade, visit to Guangzhou and Shenzhen (April 2015) 
  • Luc Portelance, CBSA President visit to Shenzhen (Jan 2015)

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Taken from the 2010 Population Census of the People’s Republic of China.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Guangdong’s trade data is based on 2015 statistics from the General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China (GACC). Please note that GACC’s statistics are calculated by port of entry and exit, and as such may not represent the exact internal provincial consumption.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Shenzhen’s trade data is based on 2015 statistics from the General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China (GACC). Please note that GACC’s statistics are calculated by port of entry and exit, and as such may not represent the exact internal provincial consumption.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

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Date Modified:
2017-11-27