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Regional Economy Outlook Video


Birds eye view of Qingdao City

Shandong is a coastal province located on the lower reaches of the Yellow River, facing the Bohai Sea to the North and the Yellow Sea to the East. Shandong Province also shares borders with the provinces of Jiangsu, Hebei, Henan and Anhui. Jinan is the capital city and the port of Qingdao is one of China’s busiest. Shandong Province played an important role in ancient Chinese history as the birthplace of the Chinese sages Confucius and Mencius. It is also a significant tourist attraction due to its natural landscape surrounded by sea and mountains, including Mount Taishan, a historic scenic destination.

Secretary of the CPC Municipal Committee:Jiang Yikang
Governor :Guo Shuqing
Population:97.9 M
Largest citiesFootnote 1:Provincial capital: Jinan (6.8 M)
Qingdao (8.7 M)
Area:157,100 km2
Twinning relationships and sister cities in Canada:Jinan – Regina, Saskatchewan
Laizhou – Coquitlam, British Columbia
Qingdao – Edmonton, Alberta
Qingdao – Richmond, British Columbia
Shandong – Québec (provincial twinning)
Zhucheng – Belleville, Ontario
Zibo – Markham, Ontario
Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and development zones:Blue Silicon Valley of Qingdao
Jinan High-tech Industrial Development Zone
Jinan Export Processing Zone
Qingdao Economic and Technological Development Zone
Qingdao Export Processing Zonee
Qingdao Free Trade Zone
Qingdao High-tech Industrial Development Zone
Qingdao West-coast Economic New Area (QWENA)
Special Economic and Technology Development Zone (SETDZ)
Weifang High-tech Industrial Development Zone
Weifang Export Processing Zone
Weihai Economic and Technological Development Zone
Weihai Export Processing Zone
Yantai Economic and Technological Development Zone
Zhanjiang Economic and Technological Development Zone
Yantai Export Processing Zone

Responsibility for Canadian interests in Shandong is managed by the Embassy of Canada to China and the Canadian Trade Office in Qingdao.

Economic Profile

IndicatorValueProvincial Rank
Gross Regional Product (GRP)5,942.7 B CNY ($1,192.1 B CAD)3/31
GRP per capita60,879 CNY $12,212 CAD)10/31
  • Shandong’s economy relies significantly on marine resources, as well as food manufacturing and processing industries.
  • Other noteworthy industries include the electronics industry, the automobile industry in Jinan, the locomotive industry in Qingdao and the cotton textile industry in both Qingdao and Jinan. Qingdao is also a major center for fruit and seafood processing.
  • Canadian companies in Shandong are particularly active in aerospace, transport and agrifood.
  • The Blue Economic Zone in Shandong Peninsula was approved as a national development strategy in the Twelfth Five-year Plan and is the first development strategy centering on marine economy.
  • Shengli Oil Field, China’s second largest oil field, is located in Shandong.
  • Shandong has an active tourist industry due to its natural landscapes, seaside, and beaches, in addition to historic significance.
  • Qingdao is the wealthiest city in Shandong Province and has been designated as a demonstration area for the protection of marine ecology and is a pilot city for developing marine economy and technologies. Its port is one of the busiest container ports in the world with established links to more than 90 international sea routes leading to over 450 ports. It also serves Asia’s biggest crude oil terminal and is the world’s top iron ore terminal. Qingdao port seconds Shanghai in terms of foreign trade volume.
  • Manufacturing and construction were the two biggest sectors of Shandong’s industrial production in 2014, making up 42.6% and 5.9% of the GRP respectively

GRP Composition

Pie Chart showing GRP Composition (Services 44%, Industrial sector 42%, and Natural Resources Exploitation 8%)

Source: 2015 National Bureau of Statistics of China

Canadian Business in Shandong

More than 50 Canadian entities are doing business in Shandong Province, including Comunicatus, DCM Aerospace, IMAX, InterWrap, Manulife, Urban Select and Capital Corp.

Trade and Investment

Bilateral trade: $5,280 M Footnote 2


Qingdao exports to the world:$182,217.1 M
Qingdao exports to Canada$2,392.5 M

Qingdao ’s top exports to Canada

Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$2,888.3 M
Vehicles, Other Than Railway Or Tramway Rolling Stock, And Parts And Accessories Thereof:$197.9 M
Furniture; Bedding, Cushions Etc.; Lamps And Lighting Fittings Nesoi; Illuminated Signs, Nameplates And The Like; Prefabricated Buildings:$1192.2 M
Plastics And Articles Thereof:$163.6 M
Articles Of Iron Or Steel:$132.1 M
Rubber And Articles Thereof:$157.2 M
Toys, Games And Sports Equipment; Parts And Accessories Thereof:$141.311 M

Qingdao’s ’s top exports to the world

Electrical Machinery And Equipment And Parts Thereof; Sound Recorders And Reproducers, Television Recorders And Reproducers, Parts And Accessories:$20,870.6 M
Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$19,576.3 M
Articles Of Apparel And Clothing Accessories, Knitted Or Crocheted:$9,052.6 M
Vehicles, Other Than Railway Or Tramway Rolling Stock, And Parts And Accessories Thereof:$7,210.2 M
Articles Of Iron Or Steel:$6,857.3 M
Rubber And Articles Thereof:$6,709.0 M
Furniture; Bedding, Cushions Etc.; Lamps And Lighting Fittings Nesoi; Illuminated Signs, Nameplates And The Like; Prefabricated Buildings:$5,934.9 M


Qingdao imports from the world:$160,051.9 M
Qingdao exports to Canada :$2,888.3 M

Qingdao ’s top imports from Canada

Pulp Of Wood Or Other Fibrous Cellulosic Material; Recovered (Waste And Scrap) Paper And Paperboard:$821.5 M
Ores, Slag And Ash:$322.0 M
Wood And Articles Of Wood; Wood Charcoal:$210.7 M
Fish And Crustaceans, Molluscs And Other Aquatic Invertebrates:$207.1 M
Edible Vegetables And Certain Roots And Tubers:$195.5 M
Fertilizers:$130.7 M
Cereals:$124.1 M

Qingdao ’s top imports from the world

Mineral Fuels, Mineral Oils And Products Of Their Distillation; Bituminous Substances; Mineral Waxes:$46,445.3 M
Electrical Machinery And Equipment And Parts Thereof; Sound Recorders And Reproducers, Television Recorders And Reproducers, Parts And Accessories:$21,680.7 M
Ores, Slag And Ash:$15,382.3 M
Optical, Photographic, Cinematographic, Measuring, Checking, Precision, Medical Or Surgical Instruments And Apparatus; Parts And Accessories Thereof:$12,040.8 M
Oil Seeds And Oleaginous Fruits; Miscellaneous Grains, Seeds And Fruits; Industrial Or Medicinal Plants; Straw And Fodder:$9,468.0 M
Nuclear Reactors, Boilers, Machinery And Mechanical Appliances; Parts Thereof:$9,094.6 M
Plastics And Articles Thereof:$5,381.2 M

Foreign Investment Opportunities in Shandong

The State Council Information Office and the China International Publishing Group in Beijing highlighted the following industries as being the most encouraged for foreign investment in Shandong::

  • Agricultural planting and breeding
  • Aquatic breeding
  • Catering and restaurant
  • Computer
  • Construction
  • Financial services
  • Food processing
  • Household appliance
  • Light industries
  • Machinery
  • Electricity
  • Medicine and health care
  • Metallurgical
  • Ocean fishing
  • Ocean shipping
  • Textile industries
  • Tourism
  • Tree-felling and timber-processing


There are many educational linkages between Canadian universities and Shandong educational institutes, including multiple exchange partnerships.

  • Dalhousie University’s Department of Economics and Shandong University of Finance and Economics (SDUFE), in the city of Jinan, developed an exchange program as well as a joint program to encourage SDUFE’s students to study at Dalhousie.
  • In 1984, a Canadian Studies Centre was established at Shandong University in Jinan.
  • Several students from Shandong University have attended various universities in Canada under the Canada-China Scholar’s Exchange Program.
  • According to the Canadian Information Centre for International Credential (CICIC), there are 4 Canadian certified offshore elementary and secondary school programs in Shandong

For more information, please visit Canada’s International Education Strategy in China’s website.

Recent High-level Visits

Recent visits

  • Sandra LaFortune, Director-General, International Relations, Transport Canada  (Apr 2016)
  • Nadia Bouffard, Director-General, External Relations, Fisheries and Oceans Canada (Nov 2015)
  • Hon. Stephen McNeil, Premier of Nova Scotia, Qingdao and Jinan (Sept 2015)
  • Don Iveson , Mayor of Edmonton, Alberta  (Apr 2015)


Footnote 1

Taken from 2010 Population Census of the People's Republic of China.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Shandong’s trade data is based on 2015 statistics from the General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China (GACC). Please note that GACC’s statistics are calculated by port of entry and exit, and as such may not represent the exact internal provincial consumption.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

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