Canada – Nicaragua Relations

Bilateral relations

In Nicaragua, since 1961, Canada has been  represented by the Embassy of Canada in Costa Rica and through the Office to the Embassy of Canada in Managua. In addition to managing Canada’s bilateral development program with Nicaragua, the Office also provides full consular services to Canadians. Nicaragua maintains an Embassy in Ottawa.

Canada and Nicaragua’s bilateral relationship has historically been based on advancing broad-based mutual prosperity through trade, investment and development.

Political relations

Nicaragua experienced nationwide civil unrest after anti-government protests in 2018. Since 2019, Canada has imposed sanctions on a total of 35 individuals who are associated with Ortega regime under the Special Economic Measures (Nicaragua) Regulations Canada has been active multilaterally at the Organization of the American States (OAS), where Canada co-chairs the OAS Working Group on Nicaragua and at the United Nations Human Rights Council.

Canada has called for a peaceful solution that includes a resumption of a political dialogue, democratic reforms, the respect for human rights and the immediate release of political prisoners. Canada continues to work both bilaterally and multilaterally for a lasting resolution.


Canada supports Nicaragua in education efforts through scholarships and awards. The Emerging Leaders in the Americas Program (ELAP) offers short-term scholarship opportunities for students from Latin America and the Caribbean to study or conduct research in Canada. Academic agreements like the ELAP help grow research and student exchanges. For a complete list of available scholarships, visit the International Scholarships Program.

Commercial relations

Canada and Nicaragua maintain a stable trade and investment relationship, with Canada holding a significant trade deficit. Canadian exports mainly included fertilizer, meat products, electrical equipment, mechanical equipment and plastics. Canada’s main imports included clothing, coffee, electrical machinery, fruits and vegetables.

In 2019, Canada imposed sanctions against members of the Government of Nicaragua under the Special Economic Measures Act.

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Canada’s international assistance in Nicaragua is aligned to the Feminist International Assistance Policy. It focuses on growth that works for everyone, human dignity/sexual reproductive health and rights and vocational training, and inclusive governance, as well as action on the environment and climate change. The aim is to improve the socio-economic well-being, health and equality for the poorest, marginalized and most vulnerable people of Nicaragua, especially women, girls, and youth.

Given the political situation, Canada does not provide direct bilateral financial assistance to the Government of Nicaragua. Projects are implemented through experienced Canadian and international non-governmental organizations and international organizations of the United Nations.

Canada is also committed to addressing the root causes of irregular migration, and the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Through its international development program, Canada continues to work towards the international commitments of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. Canada also provides humanitarian assistance to respond to natural disasters such as hurricanes, and food insecurity/hunger.

Partnerships and organizations

To develop effective responses to today’s most pressing global challenges, Canada and Nicaragua work closely in multilateral fora, such as: